UNFCCC: In Preparation for COP 25

UNFCCC: In Preparation for COP 25



The 50th session of the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA 50) and the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI 50) will be held in Bonn,  Germany, from 17-27 June 2019, in preparation for COP 25.

The Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice is one of two permanent subsidiary bodies to the Convention established by the Conference of the Parties /Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris.  It supports the work of these bodies through the provision of timely information and advice on scientific and technological matters as they relate to the UNFCC, its Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreeement.

Vulnerability and Adaptation among the discussion

This year, the technical  discussion will be about vulnerability, and adaptation to climate change, science and review with research and observation of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) special Report on Global Warming of 1.5 °C. Also up for discussion are methodological issues under the Convention, including a training programme for review experts for the technical review of greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories of Annex I Parties* to the Convention (developed countries).

Under methodological issues under the Kyoto Protocol, SBSTA 50 will address: land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF); and implications of including reforestation of lands with forest in exhaustion as afforestation and reforestation clean development mechanism (CDM) project activities.

Keys to achieve NDCs

Regarding methodological issues under the Paris Agreement, SBSTA 50 has on its agenda issues related to, inter alia, reporting of information: on anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks of GHGs; to track progress made in implementing and achieving Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs); and on financial, technology development and transfer and capacity-building support.

On matters relating to Article 6 (cooperative approaches) of the Paris Agreement, the SBSTA will address: guidance on cooperative approaches; rules, modalities and procedures for the mechanism established by Article 6; and the work programme under the framework for non-market approaches. The SBSTA will also discuss market and non-market mechanisms under the Convention, including a framework for various approaches, non-market-based approaches, and a new market-based mechanism.

SBI 50 will include: a multilateral assessment working group session under the international assessment and review (IAR) process; and a facilitative sharing of views under the international consultation and analysis (ICA) process.

How the SBI will work?

The SBI will address issues related to reporting from and review of Annex I Parties, including, inter alia: status of submission and review of seventh national communications and third BRs; compilations and syntheses of second and third BRs; the report on national GHG inventory data for 1990-2016; and revision of the IAR modalities and procedures.

On reporting from non-Annex I Parties (developing countries), the SBI will discuss: information contained in national communications; terms of reference (ToR) of the Consultative Group of Experts (CGE); provision of financial and technical support; and summary reports on the technical analysis of biennial update reports (BURs).

The SBI will also discuss, inter alia: common time frames for NDCs; Kyoto Protocol mechanisms; matters relating to least developed countries (LDCs); development and transfer of technologies; membership of the Adaptation Fund Board (AFB); gender and climate change; and administrative, financial and institutional matters.

The SBSTA and SBI will jointly address: terms of reference for the 2019 review of the Warsaw International Mechanism for Loss and Damage associated with Climate Change Impacts (WIM); the Koronivia joint work on agriculture; the scope of the next periodic review of the long-term global goal under the Convention and of overall progress towards achieving it; and matters relating to the forum on the impact of the implementation of response measures.

Annexe 1 countries:

Australia /Austria
Belarus a/
Bulgaria a/
Czech Republic *
European Union
Estonia a/
Latvia a/
Lithuania a/
New Zealand
Romania a/
Russian Federation a/
Slovak Republic *
Slovenia a/*
Ukraine a/
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
United States of America


ERA ENVIRONNEMENT is a media based in SAMBA M'BODONI, a village in the North of Comoros Islands in the Indian Ocean . It was first an association "de loi 1901" in 2016 based in France and dissoluted in 2017. On April 2018, ERA ENVIRONNEMENT was established as an company in Comoros Islands with the commercial register 8671-B-18. The activities in Comoros Islands started in January 2019. Localized in one of the six Small Islands States of Africa, ERA ENVIRONNEMENT is the unique media in Comoros with a vocational training on sustainable development and climate change with two teams of young and senior journalists. All rights reserved. ERA ENVIRONNEMENT est un média basé à Samba M’Bodoni, un village situé dans le nord de la Grande Comore, dans l’Océan Indien. Basée anciennement à Paris en 2016, en France, cette association a été dissoute en 2017 .En Avril 2018, ERA ENVIRONNEMENT est devenue une entreprise de presse comorienne avec comme registre de commerce N° 8671-B-18 . Localisée dans l’un des six Petits Etats Insulaires en développement d’Afrique, ERA ENVIRONNEMENT a commencé ses activités en Janvier 2019. Cette entreprise de presse est l’unique média intégrant une formation au développement durable et aux changements climatiques, avec une équipe de jeunes et de seniors journalistes. Tous droits réservés.

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