Plantain helps to address food security in Nigeria
Nov18

Plantain helps to address food security in Nigeria

  Nigeria is the largest producer of plantain in West Africa, with an annual production of about 2.4 million metric tons, according to a recent report from the Forum For Agricultural Research in Africa ( FARA). Analysis. By Oluwasoyo Folarin   Nigeria is the largest producer of plantain in West Africa, with an annual production of about 2.4 million metric tons, according to a recent report from the Forum For Agricultural Research in Africa ( FARA), the technical  arm of the African Union Commission (AUC) on matters concerning agricultural science, technology and innovation. Plantain is healthy Plantain consumption helps to address food security and plantain flour is also seen as healthy with nutritious values, according to the study. Plantain has diverse use in medicine, industries and households. These uses has made it demand upsurge in the last decade and positioned the food crop as a viable product for export. One of the major derivative of plantain is plantain flour which is used in the production of baking pastries, waffles, pancakes, breads, soups & more. The constraints There are numerous opportunities to be harness by investors along the crop value chain. The plantain industry should be developed with favorable policies and strong support from the Nigeria government to ease difficulty of business, and integrating strategic investment in plantain, specified the researchers. There are three major constraints with plantain production. Farmers have to deal with the changing climate( off-season, on- season), the menace of pest and disease linked to climate change  and the access to finance to determine the price of their plantains. The value chain of Plantain Adeolu Babatunde Ayanwale, Fatunbi Oluwole Abiodun and Ojo Mathew Pau, three  researchers from FARA analyzed the various activities of the key actors in the plantain value chain across the southwest region, one of the major centers of plantain production in Nigeria. The study shows that about 49% of farming households are producing plantain as their main crop. 82% of the farmers belong to farmers association, while about 64% also belong to cooperative societies. 90% of the farmers needs 180,000 Naira ( 432 euros) to fill the financing gap. However, membership of cooperative society can have access easily to credit, noted the researchers. The analysis collected data from 300 producers from six states: Lagos, Oyo, Ogun, Osun, Ekiti and Ondo. The study has selecting 15 marketers, processors and consumers per state to give a total of 45 respondents for marketers, processors and consumers respectively. According to the researchers, plantain production is mainly dominated by males, monogamously married with an average age of 49 years old and a primary school education. Plantain production is becoming...

Read More
Nigerian Olumide Idowu becomes Youth Lead Author For Global Environment Outlook
Oct24

Nigerian Olumide Idowu becomes Youth Lead Author For Global Environment Outlook

Nigerian Olumide Idowu becomes Youth Lead Author For Global Environment Outlook By Houmi Ahamed-Mikidache   Olumide Idowu, a nigerian activist  has  been engaging youth in Nigeria and Africa in general for 10 years,  with making their voice to be heard both “offline and online” .  Last August, he was invited by the UN Environment office in Nairobi, Kenya to meet the UN Environment officials for proper integration and unveiling him as the Youth Author for Global Environment Outlook.He was  selected based as a Youth Lead Author For Global Environment Outlook on his commitment towards climate actions. The Global Environment Outlook (GEO) is UN Environment’s flagship integrated environmental assessment published every 4-5 years. It is intended to report on the state of the global environment, the extent and effectiveness of existing policy responses in addressing major environmental challenges and the prospects or outlook for the environment over the foreseeable future. GEO for Youth The GEO for Youth product is produced by, and adapted for, a youth audience from 15 to 25 years old. It is meant to stimulate dialogue within the youth community on environmental themes and issues, as well as to educate and provide capacity building tools to foster active youth commitment for achieving sustainable development. Olumide will be carrying out the following assignment as the Lead Author for GEO4Youth ·         Take The Overall Responsibility For Coordinating And Drafting Assigned Sections To Given Deadlines. ·         Actively Participate In The Geo-6 Communities Of Practice (Cop) And Work Closely With The Secretariat Staff To Provide Oversight Of The Cop Content; ·         Provide Leadership At Authors Meetings To Deliver Drafts For Each Section Of The Report; ·         Ensure That Manuscripts Are Completed To A High Standard, Collated And Delivered To The Secretariat In A Timely Manner And Conform To Un Environment-Provided Guidelines For Scientific Credibility; ·         Ensure That All Review Comments Are Dealt With According To Un Environment-Provided Specific Guidelines; ·         Develop Text That Is Scientifically And Technically Sound, And Socio-Economically Relevant Incorporating Contributions By A Wide Variety Of Experts And In Line With The Main Assessment; ·         Ensure That Any Crosscutting Scientific Or Technical Issues, Which May Involve Several Sections Of The Geo-6 For Youth Are Addressed In A Complete And Coherent Manner; ·         Take Responsibility For Referring To The Secretariat Any Scientific Credibility Issues, Such As Uncertainties And Use Of Grey Literature ·         Provide Oversight Of Educational And Advocacy Innovative Products In Support To The Main Assessment ·         Identifying Outreach Opportunities For The Geo For...

Read More
Nigeria- Waste management – The youth should seize the job opportunities
Sep14

Nigeria- Waste management – The youth should seize the job opportunities

Nigeria- Waste management – The youth should seize the job opportunities By Oluwasayo Folarin   Nigeria with a growing population of 189 million people produces an estimated 65 million tonnes of waste yearly, Waste Management Society of Nigeria has revealed. According to the World Bank, with a rapid population growth and urbanisation, municipal waste generation is expected to rise to 2.2 billion tonnes by 2025. In Lagos,   there are  over 10,000 metrics tons of waste generated daily with heaps of waste clogging waterways   which are causing environmental hazards. But there  are enormous opportunities in sustainable waste management in this country although  the jobs in Waste Management have  not been seized by the youth. How it can happen? First, corporate environmental strategies should be explained.  The youth in Nigeria  should know why and  how  corporations engage in environmental strategies. They have to understand what kind of environmental strategies have been  prepared by the country and other countries in Africa and in the world. Recycling, promoting an ecofriendly environment with positive outcome as a  massive income should be explained to the youth in rural and urban areas. In riverine areas in Nigeria, plastic bottles can be used to build canoes and these boats will be sold to fishermen. But again, this action has to be explained. Is it safe or not?  Is it environmental friendly? In India, plastic bottles are taken off there dumpsites and have been  used for  building roads. More than 33,796km of roads have been built in India with post-consumer plastic waste according to the last World Economic Forum. There is no time to waste. Niger, Kano and Nasarawa in central and northern Nigeria have been recently affected by flooding due to climate change and human activities such as clogging of drainage and improper disposal of waste. The social enterprise Wecylers based in Lagos can be a model for Nigerian ‘s youth. This company owned by a young woman from Nigerian’s  Diaspora can help the youth to overcome difficulties and find opportunities in waste management.     Oluwasayo Folarin is a young graduated from the  University of Ibadan, the first university of Nigeria.  He has a keen interest in  Science and Sustainable Development Goals  specially the Climate Action Goal in Nigeria.   He is  currently  working as a Research/Teaching Assistant at Osun State College of Technology, Esa Oke, Osun State, in Nigeria where he is assisting  lecturers on various research projects. He is now also part of Era Environnement to become a journalist. He will cover stories on climate action.  ...

Read More
Nigeria-climate action : “We can all make a difference to climate change”- Olumide Idowu* 
Juil05

Nigeria-climate action : “We can all make a difference to climate change”- Olumide Idowu* 

Nigeria-climate action : “We can all make a difference to climate change”- Olumide Idowu*   Column   Changing our lifestyle It is easy to get disheartened or fearful about climate change. Climate change in Nigeria is principally a major problem caused by the increase of human activities if you like, call it human mismanagement of the earth leading to several direct and indirect impacts on health. These climatic changes have wide-range harmful effects including increase in heat-related mortality, dehydration, spread of infectious diseases, malnutrition, damage to public health infrastructure. If we continue as we are now, the effects of global warming around the world could be catastrophic. Some aspects of climate change may already be irreversible. Yet many scientists believe that by taking positive action now, it is possible to slow the pace of climate change and reduce further global warming. Changing our lifestyle and our behaviour will help reduce the human impact on the environment. We can all make a difference to climate change. Here are some suggestions for a healthier, more sustainable approach to living in our environment in Nigeria. Reduce Car Emissions: Leave the car in the garage and walk or cycle for short trips; Use public transport; Keep your car tyres inflated to the recommended pressure; Drive slowly and smoothly; Car-pool with workmates.   Reduce Energy Expenditure in your Home: Turn off lights and appliances when not in use; Replace regular light bulbs with compact fluorescent bulbs; Insulate your home and reduce your heating and cooling bills; Install a water-saving showerhead and take shorter showers; Dry your clothes outside on the line rather than in the clothes dryer; Switch to ‘green energy’ for your electricity needs.   Reduce your ‘Carbon Footprint’ When you Shop: Buy local and seasonal food produce to reduce energy use in transport and storage; Buy items with minimal packaging whenever possible; If you buy new items, make sure they are made from sustainable, low-impact materials; Buy secondhand rather than new – from op shops, garage sales or over the Internet.   Recycle Waste and Reuse Pre-Loved Items: Recycle as much of your rubbish as you can; Compost vegetable scraps; ‘Detox your home’ – dispose of unwanted chemicals safely rather than pouring them down the sink or putting them in the rubbish bin; Be creative in finding new uses for ‘found’ or pre-loved objects.   Longer term choices that help the Environment: Buy energy efficient household appliances; Install a solar-powered hot water system; Install rainwater tanks; Buy a more fuel-efficient car or think about not owning a car – perhaps you can share one; Move to an area where your workplace, shops...

Read More
Reasons Why We Should Care About the Environment
Mai17

Reasons Why We Should Care About the Environment

    Reasons Why We Should Care About the Environment   The environment around us is an essential part of human survival. I like to believe that people who do not care about the environment, simply do not understand how important it is to all of us and that it does not affect them directly, these are my reasons you should be concerned about the environment. A Clean Environment Is Essential for Healthy Living: The more you don’t care about our environment, the more it will become polluted with contaminants and toxins that have a harmful impact on our health. Air pollution can cause respiratory diseases and cancer, among other problems and diseases. Water pollution can lead to typhoid, diarrheal diseases, and another one. The local authorities have to promote care the environment.   Earth Is Warming: For the sake of our children and our future, we must do more to combat climate change. Yes, it’s true that no single event makes a trend. Now it not possible to ignore that.   Your Great-Great & Great-Great-Great Grandchildren Will Appreciate It: But there must be the look ahead, there must be a realization of the fact that to waste, to destroy, our natural resources, to skin and exhaust the land instead of using it so as to increase its usefulness.   Biodiversity Is Important: Biodiversity refers to the variety of plants, animals, and other living things in our world. it can be negatively influenced by habitat loss and degradation due to human activity, climate change, and pollution, among other things. Earth Is Our Home: It’s where we live, so we better take care of it. For sure we could be better person if we help with small things for our home, this planet the only that we have now.   What Can We Do? The problems we are facing now are tough. However, the good news is that, you don’t have to be an expert or a millionaire to save the Planet – everyone can help to do their bit for the environment. In other words, if each of us can be more conscious of environmental issues and willing to take some simple steps to save the Planet, we can make a huge contribution. Nowadays, with increasing environmental awareness among the public, people around the world are coming together to fight for a greener future, and the effort has achieved great results. As a pioneering member of environmental advocacy community, Better World International is always committed to improve and take care of our surrounding environment, by providing practical tips to its members on the things they can do to live more...

Read More