Linking the Paris Agreement to sustainable development
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Linking the Paris Agreement to sustainable development

  Linking the Paris Agreement to sustainable development By Houmi Ahamed-Mikidache The African Union Commission (AUC); the African Development Bank (AfDB); the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) will host a high level panel discussion in Addis-Ababa (Ethiopia) on 2 April 2016. It will be held in parallele of the the African Development Week hosted by the Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) and the African Union (AU), started from 31 March until  5th April. The Safeguarding pathways to sustainable development The high level panel discussion titled “The Paris Agreement: Implications for Green Growth in Africa” will be an opportunity to provide guidance, pathways and strategies for the ease of the implementation of the Paris agreement prior to its coming into effect in 2020, according to a press release from the Africa Climate Policy Centre of Economic Commission for Africa (ACPC). Approved last december by 196 parties to combat Climate Change, the Paris Agreement has 32 decisions. It aims to replace the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol which expires in 2020.  Africa emits less than 4% of the greenhouse gas emission.  But all parties  have «  to ensure they achieve the dual objective of controlling global warming while safeguarding pathways to sustainable development,” recalls experts. The main instruments of the Paris Agreement, are the national action plans namely now Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). It aims to limit global warming below 2 o Celsius. To achieve the 1,5° required by the IPCC*, the Paris Agreement specifies that there is commitment to review national pledges every five years. Fifty- three out of fifty-four- African countries have submitted their national action plans, affirms a few days ago Dr. Abdalla Hamdok, Chief Economist and Deputy Executive Secretary of the ECA , in a meeting on renewable energy in Addis-Ababa. For Fatima Denton, Director of the ECA Special Initiatives Division and Coordinator of the ACPC, Africa countries have to coordinate their  strategies to adapt and to mitigate in a sustainable way. “During this pre-2020 period, the focus is expected to be on consultations to revise the NDCs, raise the levels of ambition, and prepare implementation and associated resource and investment plans that are aligned with national development priorities. Capacity and institution building will be important in this phase to allow for the proper planning, implementation and monitoring of NDC related activities,”  she points out recently. Climate finance: the key issue Around 621 million people in Africa have no access to electricity, according to the Africa Progress report 2015. ” In Nigeria, an oil exporting superpower, 93 million people lack electricity. Angola has five times...

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