Un développement sans frontières : un partenariat mondial pour l’Afrique
Août30

Un développement sans frontières : un partenariat mondial pour l’Afrique

Un développement sans frontières : un partenariat mondial pour l’Afrique Tribune à l’occasion de la septième Conférence Internationale à Tokyo sur le développement de l’ Afrique (TICAD 7) Par De Qu Dongyu, Directeur général de l’Organisation des Nations Unies pour l’alimentation et l’agriculture (FAO) Dans le monde d’aujourd’hui, caractérisé par des frontières relativement floues, le développement ne connaît pas de frontières. Selon certaines estimations, on comptera 10 milliards de personnes sur Terre d’ici 2050. La planète devra faire face à une hausse de l’urbanisation, à des systèmes alimentaires de plus en plus faibles et à l’épuisement des ressources naturelles dû notamment au changement climatique. Ces défis sont un avertissement à destination de la communauté internationale qui doit intensifier ses efforts de manière urgente, coordonnée et collaborative afin d’atténuer et de renverser la tendance. “En Afrique, 257 millions de personnes vont se coucher avec le ventre creux” Le monde progresse à une vitesse hallucinante mais les progrès réalisés ne garantissent pas l’avenir alimentaire de la planète. Les répercussions du changement climatique dont les sécheresses et les inondations sont les principales causes de la hausse récente des souffrances liées à la faim, réduisant ainsi à néant les nombreux progrès réalisés dans ce sens ces dernières années. En Afrique, où depuis le début des années 90, le nombre de catastrophes liées aux conditions météorologiques extrêmes a doublé, 257 millions de personnes vont se coucher avec le ventre creux, soit 20 pour cent de la population. Sur le continent, les cas de sous-alimentation chronique coexistent avec ceux de surpoids, d’obésité et avec d’autres formes de malnutrition. Les petits agriculteurs africains, les éleveurs, les pêcheurs et les communautés forestières sont essentiels pour lutter contre la faim et assurer l’accès de tous à une bonne nutrition. Leur capacité à produire de la nourriture et à tirer un revenu de cette activité est néanmoins menacée par les effets du changement climatique, les conflits et les crises économiques. L’Agriculture lutte contre la faim En Afrique, un travail considérable doit être fait afin d’atteindre l’objectif Faim Zéro et d’éradiquer la pauvreté. Comme le rappellent les Objectifs de développement durable, personne ne doit être laissé pour compte. Il s‘agit maintenant d’établir des partenariats qui verront la participation des gouvernements et du secteur privé mais aussi des petits agriculteurs et de la société civile. L’Organisation des Nations Unies pour l’alimentation et l’agriculture (FAO) est au premier rang de ces efforts mondiaux. La FAO reconnaît le rôle essentiel de l’agriculture pour lutter contre la faim et la pauvreté de manière inclusive. Selon l’Organisation, 140 milliards de dollars USD d’investissements supplémentaires seront nécessaires chaque année afin d’éradiquer la faim et la pauvreté à travers le monde d’ici 2030...

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Wildlife experts meeting to enforce new rules in wildlife management
Juin24

Wildlife experts meeting to enforce new rules in wildlife management

Wildlife experts meeting to enforce new rules in wildlife management By Duncan Mboyah Wildlife experts in Zimbabwe’s Victoria Falls this week to enforce new rules in wildlife management. The summit that is being held from June 23 – 25, 2019 has been convened by the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) and the African Union (AU) to radically change the way the continent’s nature-based economy is managed. “To save wildlife and preserve livelihoods, we must ensure that wild spaces remain a legitimate and competitive land-use option,” Joyce Msuya, Deputy Executive Director of UNEP said. Msuya noted that the there is urgent need to create a new and effective wildlife economy so as to ensure that they are used responsibly. A New led Africa-led vision The summit is a new, Africa-led vision of conservation that links the private sector with national authorities and local communities to design and finance conservation-compatible investments that deliver sustainable economic and ecological benefits to countries, people and the environment.   In Africa, businesses such as tourism, the harvesting of plants and natural products for food, cosmetics or medicines, wildlife credit schemes for direct payments for conservation, or fees, taxes and levies tied to the use of nature, employ millions of people and earn governments billions of dollars in revenue. “Africa has made significant headway in protecting natural spaces and conserving wildlife and ecosystems,” Josefa Correia Sacko, AU Commissioner for Rural Economy and Agriculture.   Sacko noted that it is time to boost economies through Africa-led public-private partnerships that place communities at the heart of investment, while taking into account the need to continue the conservation pathway.” Alongside commercial rewards, conserved habitats drive local, regional and global environmental benefits. According to UNEP and the World Conservation Monitoring Center the consumer spending on tourism, hospitality and recreation in Africa, estimated at $124 billion in 2015, is expected to reach $262 billion by 2030. They said that even as economies built on wildlife continue to grow, they must take into account economic, social and ecological sustainability. The African Wildlife Economy Initiative to be launched The summit is set to develop a road map to social sustainability that mainstreams local communities as co-investors in the nature-based economy. This will ensure that people living with nature must be at the center of transactions, and communities must be treated as equal partners, with their own conservation and development aspirations similarly valued alongside important interventions to conserve species. Emmerson Mnangagwa, President of Zimbabwe, will launch the African Wildlife Economy Initiative.   12 Ministerial delegations from Angola, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Gambia, Zambia, Chad and South Sudan are due to attend, as well as private sector...

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Botswana responds to improving food insecurity caused by poor rains
Mai30

Botswana responds to improving food insecurity caused by poor rains

Botswana responds to improving food insecurity caused by poor rains Meekaeel Siphambili Gaborone, Botswana- May, 30 2019     The Botswana Ministry of Agricultural Development and Food Security is responding to food insecurity caused by poor rains and the devastating fall armyworm which has attacked some of the country’s regions last april. The government aided by the United Nations Food and Agricultural Organisation and the Japanese government has launched an emergency response to improving food and nutrition insecurity caused by climate change and promoting sound pest and pesticide management. The Japanese government awarded the Botswana government a grant of 500 thousand US Dollars to strengthen the country’s agricultural sector through awareness, surveillance and early warning, impact assessment and sustainable management and coordination. Helping food security The pest and pesticide management launch follows the recent regional level launching which was on 19 February 2019 in Victoria Falls in Zimbabwe. The launch came after the fall army worm was identified in 2017 in the Kweneng district, 70 to 80 kilometers west of the capital city of Gaborone. According to the country’s agricultural ministry, the fall armyworm has now spread to other districts. Patrick Ralotsia, Minister of Agricultural Development and Food Security says the agricultural sector in Botswana has been hard hit by this pest which is destructive to maize and sorghum. “The fall armyworm has greatly affected the livelihoods of farmers in Botswana resulting in low yield and financial losses. If not urgently controlled, the fall armyworm will detrimentally affect crop production resulting in the country being food insecure. The food insecurity will contribute to the food bill increasing significantly,” says Patrick Ralotsia. He said the outbreaks of pests like the fall armyworm represent a major obstacle to increased cereal production, food and nutrition security in Botswana and it is a challenge that has to be urgently addressed to improve agricultural production. Food security, nutrition security, employment opportunities,   economic development, trade and increased resilience to shocks and challenges are alleged to be what Botswana is increasing facing according to the minister. Understanding the disease in agriculture “The fall armyworm is new in Botswana and one of the key challenges farmers face is the lack of awareness and information. Effective dissemination of information of information on this pest is of paramount importance. Commercial chemical pesticides alone pose health risks to build up of pesticides resistance and higher economic losses,” says Minister of Agricultural Development and Food Security. Patrick Ralotsia says misinformed usage of chemical pesticides could result in the killing of potential indigenous natural enemies of the fall armyworm and other pests. The damages caused by fall armyworm and the use of pesticides...

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Information for all
Mai08

Information for all

Information for all Human health and biodiversity are in danger in the world right now. Around 1 million animal and plant species are now threatened with extinction, many within decades, more than ever before in human history, finds the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services ( IPBES) in a new report. Recently Comoros , Tanzania, Mozambique and India were devastated by a tropical cyclone . Zimbabwe, Malawi and Mozambique were hit by Cyclone Idai in March. Two unprecedented back-to-back tropical cyclones came in Mozambique in March and April causing the death of more than 1000 people. On April 24, Comoros Islands were hardly affected in coastal, rural and urban areas living 4 people dead and 15 000 people displaced (according to the first report published after the disaster). India was also devastated by a major cyclonic storm. According to the World Meteorology Organization, these cyclones underline the need for coordinated disaster risk reduction strategies, by including strong early warning systems which reach the people who need them most. What one can do with cyclones, climate change, extreme weather, floods, population increase? These issues will be debated during the second international conference on multi hazard early warning to be held in Geneva from 13-17 May. This global platform is a biennial multi-stakeholder forum established by the UN General Assembly to review progress, share knowledge, and discuss the latest developments and and trends in reducing disaster risk. Era Environnement takes this opportunity to publish this week a series of related stories called “Rivoukou-we are safe” about the people who were affected by Cyclone Kenneth in Comoros, one of the world “hospots” of biodiversity. We, as media based in Comoros Islands, in Samba M’bodoni, one of the villages which has seen homes and agricultural areas smashed by the cyclone Kenneth,  would like to put Comoros on the world map. Our aim is to also publish articles on others countries in Africa on disaster risk and solutions. We have already published articles during the cyclone in Comoros, Tanzania and Mozambique. We will also publish a column of an activist in Mozambique, and you will have the possibility to send your comment to her. Our facebook page Eraenvironnement, @sustainableDG, is also open for comments in French, Spanish, Portugese, English, Swahili and Comorian. Thank you Editorial by Houmi...

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Mtwara residents allowed to go back home but threat from storm still looms large
Avr25

Mtwara residents allowed to go back home but threat from storm still looms large

  Mtwara residents allowed to go back home but threat from storm still looms large     By Deodatus Mfugale Dar es Salaam Tanzania April 25, 2019   MORE than 5,000 Mtwara town residents who had left their homes early today to avoid the forecasted catastrophic impacts of Tropical Storm Kenneth have been allowed to go back to their homes but stay alert for any signs of the storm gaining momentum. Mtwara regional  authorities had sheltered the residents in six centres as a safety measure against the tropical storm after the Tanzanania Meterological authorities had forecast the storm would make a landfall in Mtwara by noon on Thursday. The weather authority had warned that the storm would lead to heavy floods and destroy various infrastructures, thereby threatening human life. However by 16hrs, about four hours after the   forecast landfall, neither strong winds nor heavy rains were experienced. The Regional Defense and Security Committee thus allowed the residents to go home but warned that they should be alert as the situation could change. The government leaders would keep the public informed of in case of any developments. “The weather has been generally calm contrary to the forecast. By 15hrs the wind speed was 50 kph as opposed to 140kph which the weather authority had forecast. We believe it is safe enough for you to go back home and engage in your daily businesses,” said Mtwara Regional Commissioner Gelacius Byakanwa but was quick to warn the residents to be alert for any changes in the weather. “But it is not yet over! The storm is still there and things might change. So be on the lookout and tune to the news media for any development. We have also arranged for a public address system that will be employed to inform you immediately should any changes happen,” explained the Regional Commissioner. However according to the Director of TMA, Dr Agnes Kijazi, Tropical Storm Kenneth was still active 177 kilometres away from Mtwara, gaining speed from 130kph to 140 kph and heading towards Mozambique. “So things are far from over. The storm is drawing heavy clouds over many areas in the southern part of the country and these areas are likely to get very heavy rain. The public should take precautions as the dangers posed by Tropical Storm Kenneth are still valid,” she said. According t the Director, the storm will make a landfall in Mozambique early Friday morning, about 230 kilometres away from Mtwara with winds blowing at 100kph. “The fact that it is heading to Mozambique does not mean that we are out of danger; the landfall will affect areas about...

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Creating jobs in the blue economy in the Gambia: the solutions for the migration problems- Interview
Mar06

Creating jobs in the blue economy in the Gambia: the solutions for the migration problems- Interview

Creating jobs in the blue economy in the Gambia: the solutions for the migration problems -Interview The Gambia wants to integrate its youth in different sectors of  blue economy. With their national  development plan, this country located in west Africa, has two strategies for fisheries. The Ministry of Fisheries, Water Resources and National Assembly, James Furmos Peter Gomez  was in Nairobi ( Kenya) at the end of November  2018 for the first Global Blue Economy Conference held in Africa. Listen to this  interview below by Houmi Ahamed-Mikidache       InterviewministredespêchesdelaGambie...

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