Climate Action: ” We want to include UCLG Africa among the members of the climate ecosystem ” -Jean Pierre ELONG MBASSI ( Secretary General of UCLG Africa)
Oct01

Climate Action: ” We want to include UCLG Africa among the members of the climate ecosystem ” -Jean Pierre ELONG MBASSI ( Secretary General of UCLG Africa)

Climate Action: ” We want to include UCLG Africa among the members of the climate ecosystem ” – Jean Pierre ELONG MBASSI ( Secretary General of UCLG Africa) Ahead of the  UN Climate Action Summit in New York , millions of people across the world,  especially youth have been taking part in protests calling for action against climate change. Cities and Local Governments from across Africa also joined climate strikes as the vulnerabilities of climate change continue to devastate the continent with storms like tropical cyclone idai that killed more than 1,300 people earlier this year to deforestation through human activity that is plaguing Sub-Sahara Africa. Youth have taken to the streets and demonstrated across African cities from Ghana to Lagos, Nairobi to South Africa demanding climate justice for all.  For Jean Pierre Elong Mbassi , Secretary General of UCLG Africa,  “the fight against climate change will be lost or won in cities and territories, depending on the way and urgency in which leaders of local and regional governments invest in, or be associated to climate action.” On September 22nd ,The United Cities and Local Governments of Africa’s Climate Task Force ( a coordination of  multiactor),   hosted a High Level Climate Finance Side Event in New York. A few days after the event, Mr Elong Mbassi share his view  to ERA ENVIRONNEMENT. ERA ENVIRONNEMENT:  What were the main outcomes of  the High Level Climate Finance Side Event ? Jean-Pierre ELONG MBASSI: This event was about sensitizing and advocating for rooting climate action at the local level, where the bulk of green gas emissions are produced and where climate extreme events have the most adverse consequences. As the Vice President of UCLG Africa for the North Africa Region Dr Mohamed Boudra stated it in his introductory remarks, “the fight against climate change will be lost or won in cities and territories. Hence, it is important to involve local and regional governments as key players for climate action. In order to enhance the participation of local and regional governments in the implementation of the Paris Agreement and raise its ambition to limit global warming to a maximum of 1.5 degrees Celsius by the end of the century, one of the proposals put forward by the UCLG Africa Climate Task Force is to take advantage of the ongoing revision of the nationally determined contributions (NDCs) by the States parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change for the implementation of the Paris Agreement, to better involve local and regional governments in climate action. In this respect, it is proposed that this revision starts with the locally or territorially defined contributions (LDCs)...

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UN Climate Action Summit 2019: The Major Announcements
Sep24

UN Climate Action Summit 2019: The Major Announcements

UN Climate Action Summit 2019: The Major announcements At the Opening of the UN Climate Action Summit 2019 on  23rd  september 2019, ahead of the 74 UN General Assembly,  leaders of the developing and developed countries made commitments. New initiatives  have been designed to be scaled-up to deliver impact at the global scale needed. The Secretary-General urged governments, businesses and people everywhere to join the initiatives announced at the Summit, and promised to “keep pushing” for greater ambition and action. The Secretary-General committed the UN system to support implementation of plans presented at the Summit, with an initial report to be delivered at COP25 in Santiago, Chile.   What are exactly  the commitments? France announced that it would not enter into any trade agreement with countries that have policies counter to the Paris Agreement. Germany committed to carbon neutrality by 2050 12 countries  made financial commitments to the Green Climate Fund, the official financial mechanism to assist developing countries in adaptation and mitigation practices to counter climate change.  This is in addition to recent announcements from Norway, Germany, France and the United Kingdom who have recently doubled their present contributions. The United Kingdom made a major additional contribution, doubling its overall international climate finance to L11.6 billion for the period from 2020 to 2025 India pledged to increase renewable energy capacity to 175gw by 2022 and committed to further increasing to 450GW, and announced that 80 countries have joined the International Solar Alliance. China said it would cut emissions by over 12 billion tons annually, and would pursue a path of high quality growth and low carbon development. The European Union announced at least 25% of the next EU budget will be devoted to climate-related activities. The Russian Federation announced that they will ratify the Paris Agreement, bringing the total number of countries that have joined the Agreement to 187. Pakistan said it would plant more than 10 billion trees over the next five years. The private sector take the lead A group of the world’s largest asset-owners — responsible for directing more than $2 trillion in investments — committed to move to carbon-neutral investment portfolios by 2050. 87 major companies with a combined market capitalization of over US$ 2.3 trillion pledged to reduce emissions and align their businesses with what scientists say is needed to limit the worst impacts of climate change – a 1.5°C future. 130 banks – one-third of the global banking sector – signed up to align their businesses with the Paris agreement goals      For the Energy Efficiency Michael Bloomberg will increase the funding and geographic spread of his coal phase out efforts to 30 countries....

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New York-Climate Action Summit 2019: more ambitions are needed
Sep24

New York-Climate Action Summit 2019: more ambitions are needed

New York-Climate Action Summit 2019:  more ambitions are needed   Ahead of the 74 session of the United Nations General Assembly,  an United Nations Climate Action Summit opened with anger ““Nature is angry,” said Antonio Guterres. Youth activist Greta Thunberg told leaders “How dare you gamble with our future and continue talking about fairytales of eternal economic growth?” COP 25 to be held in December  and subsequently the UK Presidency of COP26, must ensure that governments deliver the adequate response to the emergency and ambition that puts the world on a 1.5C degrees trajectory, said  Climate Action Network International.  To the view of the International Policy Advisor of CAN,   Lucile Dufour, strong policies to reach ambitious targets  are needed : “France, as well as other developed countries, should be reminded that true climate leadership means concrete and urgent actions at home, not shiny speeches in front of world leaders.” For Mohamed Adow, International Climate Lead, Christian Aid,  leaders clearly failed :  “the few actions that have been announced are far from world changing and that is what is required”. What are  the ongoing commitments? Over 100 business leaders delivered  actions to align with the Paris Agreement targets, and speed up the transition from the grey to green economy, including asset-owners holding over $2 trillion in assets and leading companies with combined value also over $2 trillion. Many countries and over 100 cities – including many of the world’s largest – announced significant and concrete new steps to combat the climate crisis. 77 countries committed to cut greenhouse gas emissions to net zero by 2050, while 70 countries announced they will either boost their national action plans by 2020 or have started the process of doing so. Many smaller countries, including Small Island Developing States and Least Developed Countries, were among those who made the biggest pledges, despite the fact the they have contributed the least to the problem. A few small island states and developing countries, as well as businesses, stepped up and committed to enhancing their targets based on science. Others, like Sweden, Luxembourg and Denmark pledged to double their contribution to the Green Climate Fund. These countries demonstrated much-needed leadership and underscored the feasibility of climate action and ambition. They showed that the energy transition is ongoing and irreversible. The issues Although, companies and governments boosted climate action momentum, and demonstrated growing recognition that the pace of climate action must be rapidly accelerated, some governments continue to   ignore science and fail to present ambitious climate commitments. Despite the alarm of climate change,  fossil fuel producers are still allowed to brazenly continue business as usual and generate profits at the expense of...

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Un développement sans frontières : un partenariat mondial pour l’Afrique
Août30

Un développement sans frontières : un partenariat mondial pour l’Afrique

Un développement sans frontières : un partenariat mondial pour l’Afrique Tribune à l’occasion de la septième Conférence Internationale à Tokyo sur le développement de l’ Afrique (TICAD 7) Par De Qu Dongyu, Directeur général de l’Organisation des Nations Unies pour l’alimentation et l’agriculture (FAO) Dans le monde d’aujourd’hui, caractérisé par des frontières relativement floues, le développement ne connaît pas de frontières. Selon certaines estimations, on comptera 10 milliards de personnes sur Terre d’ici 2050. La planète devra faire face à une hausse de l’urbanisation, à des systèmes alimentaires de plus en plus faibles et à l’épuisement des ressources naturelles dû notamment au changement climatique. Ces défis sont un avertissement à destination de la communauté internationale qui doit intensifier ses efforts de manière urgente, coordonnée et collaborative afin d’atténuer et de renverser la tendance. “En Afrique, 257 millions de personnes vont se coucher avec le ventre creux” Le monde progresse à une vitesse hallucinante mais les progrès réalisés ne garantissent pas l’avenir alimentaire de la planète. Les répercussions du changement climatique dont les sécheresses et les inondations sont les principales causes de la hausse récente des souffrances liées à la faim, réduisant ainsi à néant les nombreux progrès réalisés dans ce sens ces dernières années. En Afrique, où depuis le début des années 90, le nombre de catastrophes liées aux conditions météorologiques extrêmes a doublé, 257 millions de personnes vont se coucher avec le ventre creux, soit 20 pour cent de la population. Sur le continent, les cas de sous-alimentation chronique coexistent avec ceux de surpoids, d’obésité et avec d’autres formes de malnutrition. Les petits agriculteurs africains, les éleveurs, les pêcheurs et les communautés forestières sont essentiels pour lutter contre la faim et assurer l’accès de tous à une bonne nutrition. Leur capacité à produire de la nourriture et à tirer un revenu de cette activité est néanmoins menacée par les effets du changement climatique, les conflits et les crises économiques. L’Agriculture lutte contre la faim En Afrique, un travail considérable doit être fait afin d’atteindre l’objectif Faim Zéro et d’éradiquer la pauvreté. Comme le rappellent les Objectifs de développement durable, personne ne doit être laissé pour compte. Il s‘agit maintenant d’établir des partenariats qui verront la participation des gouvernements et du secteur privé mais aussi des petits agriculteurs et de la société civile. L’Organisation des Nations Unies pour l’alimentation et l’agriculture (FAO) est au premier rang de ces efforts mondiaux. La FAO reconnaît le rôle essentiel de l’agriculture pour lutter contre la faim et la pauvreté de manière inclusive. Selon l’Organisation, 140 milliards de dollars USD d’investissements supplémentaires seront nécessaires chaque année afin d’éradiquer la faim et la pauvreté à travers le monde d’ici 2030...

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UNFCCC: In Preparation for COP 25
Juin02

UNFCCC: In Preparation for COP 25

UNFCCC: In Preparation for COP 25   By ERA ENVIRONNEMENT with UNFCCC The 50th session of the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA 50) and the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI 50) will be held in Bonn,  Germany, from 17-27 June 2019, in preparation for COP 25. The Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice is one of two permanent subsidiary bodies to the Convention established by the Conference of the Parties /Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris.  It supports the work of these bodies through the provision of timely information and advice on scientific and technological matters as they relate to the UNFCC, its Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreeement. Vulnerability and Adaptation among the discussion This year, the technical  discussion will be about vulnerability, and adaptation to climate change, science and review with research and observation of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) special Report on Global Warming of 1.5 °C. Also up for discussion are methodological issues under the Convention, including a training programme for review experts for the technical review of greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories of Annex I Parties* to the Convention (developed countries). Under methodological issues under the Kyoto Protocol, SBSTA 50 will address: land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF); and implications of including reforestation of lands with forest in exhaustion as afforestation and reforestation clean development mechanism (CDM) project activities. Keys to achieve NDCs Regarding methodological issues under the Paris Agreement, SBSTA 50 has on its agenda issues related to, inter alia, reporting of information: on anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks of GHGs; to track progress made in implementing and achieving Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs); and on financial, technology development and transfer and capacity-building support. On matters relating to Article 6 (cooperative approaches) of the Paris Agreement, the SBSTA will address: guidance on cooperative approaches; rules, modalities and procedures for the mechanism established by Article 6; and the work programme under the framework for non-market approaches. The SBSTA will also discuss market and non-market mechanisms under the Convention, including a framework for various approaches, non-market-based approaches, and a new market-based mechanism. SBI 50 will include: a multilateral assessment working group session under the international assessment and review (IAR) process; and a facilitative sharing of views under the international consultation and analysis (ICA) process. How the SBI will work? The SBI will address issues related to reporting from and review of Annex I Parties, including, inter alia: status of submission and review of seventh national communications and third BRs; compilations and syntheses of second and third BRs; the report on national GHG inventory...

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Changements Climatiques: Le Japon et l’Autriche soutiennent  le secteur privé en Afrique
Juin02

Changements Climatiques: Le Japon et l’Autriche soutiennent le secteur privé en Afrique

Changements Climatiques: le Japon et l’Autriche soutiennent le secteur privé en Afrique Par Era Environnement   Le Japon et le l’Autriche ont approuvé un million de dollars  pour renforcer la participation du secteur privé dans la lutte contre les changements climatiques en Afrique. Ce financement passera par le service du don de l’Assistance au Secteur privé en Afrique ( Fund For African Private Sector Assistance en anglais). Son objectif: étendre le rôle du secteur privé dans les contributions nationales déterminées des pays africains. Parties intégrantes de l’Accord de Paris, les contributions nationales sont des efforts nationaux des pays signataires de l’accord de Paris pour réduire les émissions de gaz à effet de serre. Aider à la mise en oeuvre des contributions nationales Le département des Changements Climatiques et de la Croissance Verte de la Banque Africaine de Développement mettra en oeuvre ce projet. De fait, le secteur privé africain pourra améliorer  des mesures d’intégration sur les changements climatiques dans les décisions d’investissements dans six pays : l’Egypte, l’Angola, le Mozambique, le Maroc, le Nigeria et l’Afrique du Sud. Ambitions: contribuer à la croissance économique verte et inclusive dans ces pays. Autres ambitions: renforcer les capacités des développeurs de projets et les parrainer en les aidant à augmenter les investissements verts dans le cadre des contributions nationales.  Le projet abordera les contraintes financières pour accéder au financement climat, y compris le manque de connaissance de l’entreprise et l’insuffisance de capacité à préparer des projets bancables.  En quoi consiste le FAPA ? Le FAPA est un appui financier  de partenaires de  la Banque Africaine de Développement. Il  fournit des dons permettant une assistance technique en  Afrique. Le gouvernement du Japon et de l’Autriche  contribuent activement dans le financement de ce fonds. A ce jour, environ 79 projets  dans 38 pays d’Afrique ont été financés  à travers ce fonds. Le FAPA vise à la fois des projets nationaux et régionaux, qui améliorent l’environnement des affaires, renforcent les systèmes financiers, construisent les infrastructures, promeuvent le commerce extérieur, et développent les petites et moyennes entreprises....

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