Nouvelle prise de fonction pour Fatima Denton
Sep27

Nouvelle prise de fonction pour Fatima Denton

Nouvelle prise de fonction pour Fatima Denton Par Houmi Ahamed-Mikidache   Depuis le 10 septembre dernier,  Fatima Denton est la nouvelle Directrice de l’Université des Nations Unies pour les Ressources Naturelles en Afrique.Elle est dorénavant à la tête de l’Institut qui contribue au développement durable, à la gestion et à la gouvernance des ressources naturelles renouvelables et non renouvelables en Afrique. Basé à Accra au Ghana, cet institut mène des recherches et des formations à travers un réseau structuré au Cameroun, en Côte d’Ivoire, en Namibie, au Sénégal, et en Zambie. Un espoir pour l’Afrique Cette nouvelle expérience pour Fatima Denton est porteuse d’espoirs, selon le l’Université des Nations Unies. « La nomination de Fatima Denton comme Directrice est une promesse de développement pour la famille entière de l’Université des Nations Unies, » a déclaré récemment le recteur et secrétaire adjoint de l’Université, David Malone.  Fatima Denton apportera, selon ses dires,  une expertise profonde dans la gestion des ressources naturelles en Afrique ainsi que des connaissances profondes dans la recherche et la politique de développement. «  En tant que nouvelle directrice de l’Université des Nations Unies pour les ressources naturelles en Afrique, je vais poursuivre l’important travail de mon prédécesseur, Dr Elias Ayuk, en encourageant les partenariats stratégiques et en développant de forts et réciproques liens avec de nouvelles parties prenantes, »  a déclaré Dr Denton lors de sa nomination en août dernier. Et d’ajouter : «  J’espère élaborer des politiques pertinentes,  des projets de recherches à impact élevé. » Qui est Fatima Denton ? Originaire de la Gambie, Fatima Denton est polyglotte. Elle parle notamment l’anglais et le Français. Elle est fonctionnaire des Nations Unies depuis de nombreuses années. De 2012 à 2018, elle a  occupé le  double poste de Directrice du département de gestion des ressources naturelles et coordinatrice du Centre africain pour la politique en matière de climat  à la Commission Economique pour l’Afrique ( CEA). Doctorante en sciences politiques, Mme Denton  a  auparavant travaillé au Danemark  comme  scientifique de l’énergie pour le Centre Risoe du Programme des Nations Unies pour l’Environnement ( ONU Environnement aujourd’hui). Le centre Risoe a pour objectif  d’intégrer les aspects environnementaux et de développement dans la planification énergétique au niveau de la politique mondiale, avec un accent spécifique dans  les pays en voie de développement. Dr Denton a aussi été chef du programme du Centre de Recherche International basé au Canada ( IDRC), dans lequel elle a dirigé des recherches percutantes notamment une recherche importante sur un programme d’adaptation aux changements climatiques porté par plus de 100 initiatives, dont  40 projets dans 33 pays d’Afrique. Elle a aussi travaillé comme gestionnaire de programme sur l’Energie au Sénégal pour...

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COP 23-Column: Addressing Youth Radicalization and Extremism beyond Hunger and Unemployment
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COP 23-Column: Addressing Youth Radicalization and Extremism beyond Hunger and Unemployment

COP 23-Column: Addressing Youth Radicalization and Extremism beyond Hunger and Unemployment By Tabi Joda* The mantra One of the most turbulent distractions to mainstream global issues is perhaps, youth radicalization and extremism. The deleterious effects of climate change and natural disasters have increased unsustainable socioeconomic practices. Unfortunately, global and local actors seem to misunderstand the potential and actual motivations surrounding this emerging phenomenon. The mantra of hunger and unemployment is dominating local and international debates on the question. But there is apparently more to the question of radicalization and extremism, in relation to hunger and youths unemployment, than it reaches mainstream understanding.   There is global awe about a suddenly obvious proliferation of youth subscription into insurgent activities often propelled by extremist ideologies. That is a known fact. Vis-à-vis present demographic transitions, there is an ever rising trend of misguided population movements from rural peripheries into urban metropolis leading to alarmingly loud concentration of desperate youths in city centres especially in Africa. To that effect, it is ever more imperative to identify the vulnerabilities upon which youth radicalization and extremism lies. The complications get even worse when we try to answer the question why youths are increasingly being agents of destruction instead of being productive members of their communities.   Different narratives These trends have provoked several narratives from different development angels. But whether these narratives exist in cluster or not, the question at stake is as we feel the impacts of Boko haram insurgents in North East Nigeria and Far North of Cameroon, Alshabaab insurgents in almost all of Somalia including Kenya and beyond, and the Tuareg insurgent groups in Mali who are just about to completely retreat into the deserts, are these narratives based on old thinking or do they offer new thinking, new forms of measurement and research into the root causes of why youths are increasingly being radicalized and mobilized into extreme groups.   Much has been argued about tackling the unemployment crises that is keeping many youth idle and leaving them vulnerable as destructive agents rather than constructive ones. Other arguments have emerged about the question of alleviating youth poverty as a critical step to mitigating exposure of youths to radicalization through extremist groups. These assumptions are good, but it remains to be seen if the discussion will in fact lead to more research and a greater focus on evidence-based approaches tackling the root causes of the issues. “Development efforts have often been driven by assumptions and not evidence,” said Keith Proctor, a senior policy researcher at Mercy Corps. In a summit held a few years ago at the White House about countering violent extremism, the...

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Tanzania: Communities are fighting for their rights
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Tanzania: Communities are fighting for their rights

Tanzania: Communities are fighting for their rights   By Deodatus Mfugale April 8 2017 Issues surrounding disputes over land ownership  are many in Tanzania and in Africa generally. From 2000 to 2010, several violent conflicts in various parts of Tanzania occurred between agribusiness investors and communities. The conflict thus involved three parties, the government, the investor and the local community. The villagers found that the government had colluded with the investor to deny them the right to own land. “The government had given us a raw deal. It was bad enough to sell the farm to the investor when people in the village needed that land. Giving the investor additional land made our situation worse,” said Alex Kyando, a resident of Kapunga village. In 2006 when the Tanzania government decided to privatize the Kapunga Rice Farm located in Mbeya Region ( Southern Highlands) to Export Trading Company, local communities were very disappointed and responded in a violent manner. In Babati District of Manyara Region, communities set on fire Tanzanian investor of Asian origin’s houses, stores, machinery, tractors. His relatives were also killed. The bloody incident was a climax of a long-standing conflict between the two parties: local communities alleging that the investor had unlawfully taken their land and they wanted it back. But the land was sold to the investor for a 100 years lease agreement. The local community originally offered the land to the government to create a state farm. But   the government had failed to manage it. Government Now things are changing and the demand by communities to uphold the right to own land is paying off.  In 2015,  the government declared that it would give back to the community the 1, 875 hectares of land that were sold to the investor of Kapunga Rice Farm which were over and above the original size of the farm. The government declaration became effective last year when the Minister responsible for lands announced that the parcel of land in question had been handed over to Mbarali District Council. “We have revoked the title deed for the land that was not originally part of Kapunga Rice Farm when it was sold to Export Trading Company. The Mbarali District Council will survey the land and give it back to the villagers,” said William Lukuvi, Minister for Lands. Arguments Until January this year, the survey had been completed and the land handed over to Kapunga Village Government for allocation to community members. Although there are complaints from some individuals that the allocation was not done fairly, most of the community members are happy with the government’s decision and the subsequent actions by...

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