Journée internationale de la biodiversité
Mai23

Journée internationale de la biodiversité

Journée internationale de la biodiversité    Par Era Environnement Alimentation, Agriculture et Forêts  La journée internationale de la biodiversité est célébrée tous les ans le 22 mai. Mais que  représente cette journée  dans le monde? Des données  issues du récent rapport  de la Plateforme intergouvernementale scientifique et politique sur la biodiversité et les services écosystémiques (IPBES) rappellent  les différentes problématiques liées à l’alimentation, l’agriculture et les forêts dans le monde. 75 % de l’environnement terrestre ont déjà été ” gravement altérés ” par les activités humaines. Il y a eu une augmentation de 300% de la production agricole depuis 1970, pourtant 11% de la population mondiale est sous-alimentée et environ 860 millions de personnes sont confrontées à l’insécurité alimentaire en Afrique et en Asie seulement. Environ un tiers de la surface terrestre mondiale et 75 % des ressources en eau douce sont consacrées à la production végétale ou animale. De 1980 à 2000, 100 millions d’hectares de forêt tropicale ont été perdus, principalement à cause de l’élevage du bétail en Amérique latine (environ 42 millions d’hectares) et des plantations en Asie du Sud-Est (environ 7,5 millions d’hectares, dont 80% pour l’huile de palme, utilisée principalement pour l’alimentation, les cosmétiques, les produits de nettoyage et les combustibles). 23 % des terres ont vu leur productivité diminuer en raison de la dégradation des terres, ce qui pourrait être atténué si l’on adoptait davantage des pratiques agricoles agroécologiques et restauratrices. Pendant ce temps, 75% des types de cultures vivrières dans le monde dépendent de la pollinisation animale. Le risque: la perte d’ environ 235 à 577 milliards de dollars US par an de la production mondiale de cultures. Comment réorienter le financement pour une agriculture intelligente? D’après le rapport de l’IPBES, en 2015, environ 100 milliards de dollars d’aide financière dans les pays de l’OCDE sont allés à l’agriculture qui est selon ces experts potentiellement nuisible pour l’environnement. D’après les auteurs du rapport,  près d’un tiers de la superficie forestière mondiale a été perdu par rapport aux niveaux préindustriels.  Environ 25 % des émissions de gaz à effet de serre sont dues au défrichement, à la production végétale et à la fertilisation, les aliments d’origine animale contribuant pour 75 % à ce chiffre.  5,6 gigatonnes d’émissions de CO2 sont séquestrées dans les écosystèmes marins et terrestres chaque année, ce qui équivaut à 60 % des émissions mondiales de combustibles fossiles. Paradoxalement, les petites exploitations contribuent au maintien d’une riche biodiversité, tout en contribuant aussi davantage, par hectare, à la production agricole et à l’approvisionnement alimentaire mondial comparées aux grandes exploitations : +/-30 % : la production végétale mondiale et l’approvisionnement alimentaire mondial sont assurés par de petites exploitations agricoles (<2...

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Audrey de Souza- Blue Economy : “It’s all about the people for the people”
Mai14

Audrey de Souza- Blue Economy : “It’s all about the people for the people”

The Second Ocean UN Conference will be held in Lisbon on June 2-6 2020  focusing on solutions to save the Ocean. It will be co-hosted by Kenya and Portugal.  Era Environnement  introduces you to a young woman from Mombasa, who was part  of the international blue conference held in Nairobi ( Kenya) on November 27th 2018.Her name is Audrey de Souza.   Era Environnement  took her point of view during the conference in Nairobi. Miss de Souza,  is an experienced entrepreneur  and a consultant in Mombasa. She  works for a company name as  Intoku Africa.  Audrey de  Souza might attend the conference in Portugal next year, as she works on solutions to protect her country in the coastline of  Kenya, in Mombasa. Listen to the interview in three parts on water sanitation, finance and woman participation .       Watersanitation (1)       Womenparticipation       Empoweringwomen Interview by Houmi...

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News in brief
Mai09

News in brief

News in brief By Era Environnement A workshop on Fall Armyworm to be held in Zimbabwe The International Institute of Tropical Agriculture and the Department of Research and Specialist Services, Ministry of Lands, Agriculture, Water, Climate and Rural Resettlement, are jointly organising a fall armyworm (FAW )Compact Country Inception Workshop on 20-22 May 2019 in Harare, Zimbabwe. Key participants to the workshop will include national partners involved in agricultural research and extension, the academia, agro-input suppliers (agrochemical and seed industry), CGIAR centers, FAO, CABI, development partners, NGOs, and farmer associations.  According to the organizers, the overall objective of this workshop will be to formulate a comprehensive and sustainable country FAW response strategy taking into account experiences from end of 2016 to date as well as parallel initiatives by FAO, CABI, CIMMYT, USAID and other partners. The fall armyworm (FAW) Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith) is unarguably one of the most damaging insect pests to be introduced to Africa in the 21st century. Its spread throughout sub-Saharan Africa has been very rapid owing to the ideal climate, lack of a resting stage, wide host range and varying host plant phenologies. IEAA to brief on Sterile Insect Technique in Senegal On May 9th, the International Atomic Energy Agency ( IAEA) will be briefing  on the success of the Sterile Insect Technique in increasing agricultural productivity and boosting income in Senegal. The United States is the exclusive funder of a nearly $5 million IAEA Peaceful Uses Initiative (PUI) project, “Contributing to Agricultural Development in West Africa through the Control of Tsetse Flies and Trypanosomosis,” having contributed $4,993,367 to this project since its inception in 2010. The project aims to eradicate the tsetse population (Glossina palpalis gambiensis) from the Niayes region, northeast of Dakar using the IAEA’s Sterile Insect Technique (SIT).  The tsetse fly population is now approaching confirmed eradication and the project has had significant positive socioeconomic benefits on farmers in the region. High Level Workshop: 16-18 May 2019-Pretoria, South Africa A High Level workshop organized by the International Seabed Authority ( ISA) and the Government of the Republic of South will be held on 16-May 2019  . Held over three days, this workshop aims to foster international and regional cooperation to promote the sustainable development of Africa’s deep seabed resources in support of Africa’s Blue Economy. The workshop will bring together key stakeholders including official representatives of Angola, Botswana, Eswatini, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, South Africa and Zambia; as well as African experts on the law of the sea and mining...

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Creating jobs in the blue economy in the Gambia: the solutions for the migration problems- Interview
Mar06

Creating jobs in the blue economy in the Gambia: the solutions for the migration problems- Interview

Creating jobs in the blue economy in the Gambia: the solutions for the migration problems -Interview The Gambia wants to integrate its youth in different sectors of  blue economy. With their national  development plan, this country located in west Africa, has two strategies for fisheries. The Ministry of Fisheries, Water Resources and National Assembly, James Furmos Peter Gomez  was in Nairobi ( Kenya) at the end of November  2018 for the first Global Blue Economy Conference held in Africa. Listen to this  interview below by Houmi Ahamed-Mikidache       InterviewministredespêchesdelaGambie...

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Climate Change: The challenges of Botswana
Fév18

Climate Change: The challenges of Botswana

Climate Change: The challenges of Botswana   By Meekaeel Siphambili Gaborone-Botswana   Ninety percent of the inhabitants of African countries rely on firewood or coal for cooking or domestic use. Most of the countries in Africa rely on coal fired power stations with many of the countries having no laws or regulations on engine emissions as most of the cars used do not meet the standards. The long term goal of the Paris Agreement is to reduce  greenhouse gases emissions. To materialize this, Africa has to make an effort to diversify its energy mix, and to create an enabling environment for the exploitation of renewable energy. The sunny days give room for the countries to tap or use mostly the solar generated power which can be installed anywhere. Several decisions relating to climate change were taken at the 23rd Conference of Parties held in Bonn, Germany; and these motivated countries to negotiate the finer details of how the Paris Agreement will work from 2020 onwards. COP24 also carried the same resolutions on climate change. The year 2020 of the implementation of the Paris Accord  is not far and the effects of climate change continue to show face across the continent. Climate Disasters According to the records, in the last decade, climate change has led to about US$2.5 trillion in disaster losses in developing countries. The number of people affected by natural disasters doubled from 102 million in 2015 to 204 million in 2016. Almost one third of the land is no longer fertile enough to grow food. More than 1.3 billion people live on this deteriorating agricultural land, putting them at risk of climate driven water shortages and depleted harvests. Droughts alone have affected more than 1 billion people in the last decade. Since 2001, droughts have wiped out enough produce to feed 81 million people every day for a year. In the SADC Region alone, the number of food insecure population is at 27 million. Between 2014 and 2016, the Region suffered the worst drought in 35 years, caused by the El Nino phenomenon, which left an estimated 41.4 Million of the population in need of food aid. Botswana has not been spared in this natural disaster. There has been an estimated 500,000 livestock deaths, and over 30,000 people (4 percent of the population) left vulnerable to the impacts of the drought. “Botswana’s scaled up implementation will require additional resources. As such, there is a need for coordinated effort in innovative domestic resource mobilisation, whilst also strategically tapping into internationally available climate finance,” said Thato Raphaka, the Botswana permanent secretary of environment, natural resources conservation and tourism. And he...

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Gestion des déchets aux Comores: Vers une solution durable
Jan24

Gestion des déchets aux Comores: Vers une solution durable

Gestion des déchets aux Comores: Vers une solution durable   Analyse  par la rédaction aux Comores publié prochainement    ...

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