PRE COP 24 – A key preparatory meeting before COP24
Oct25

PRE COP 24 – A key preparatory meeting before COP24

PRE COP 24 – A key preparatory meeting before COP24 By Houmi Ahamed-Mikidache   Following the calls for strong action by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), and the International Energy Agency’s latest report on rising emissions from the energy sector, a  key preparatory meeting for the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP24)  took place during two days  in Krakow Poland. During this Pre-COP, Ministers from 35 countries met to prepare a successful outcome at COP24 according to the UNFCCC Communication department . Taking place in Katowice, Poland in December, COP24 is critical as countries are set to adopt a full and balanced set of guidelines that will tell the world how to implement the Paris Agreement transparently and fairly for all, warns the UNFCCC communication department. In addition to the implementation guidelines for the Paris Agreement, COP24 will also see the high-level political phase of the Fiji-led Talanoa Dialogue, which aims to assess progress towards the temperature goals enshrined in the Paris Agreement. Ministers had open and frank discussions at the Pre-COP, emphasizing the sense of urgency and underlining the need for a solid outcome at COP24, recalled the UNFCCC Communication department. Ministers discussed the key issues of the implementation guidelines, which include transparent action with respect to o    adaptation to climate change impacts o    ambitious emission reductions, o    with strong means of implementation to support developing countries, in the form of technology cooperation, capacity building, and, especially financial support. But for the Least Developed countries’s chairman, Gebru Gembers, it is not a simple process.  “The IPCC report has made even clearer the need for the Paris Rulebook to properly reflect the breadth of action required by all countries to achieve the Agreement’s 1.5°C goal”, he said earlier when the The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) released its report. And  he added: “Countries must deliver a robust Rulebook that will ensure adequate action to cut emissions, adapt to climate change and address loss and damage, and that support is provided to enable poorer countries to do the same.” For Gebru Gember, who is from Ethiopia, the IPCC report confirms that loss and damage resulting from climate change will only worsen with further warming with much greater losses at 2°C than at 1.5°C. And it urgent to find concrete solutions. “It is particularly vulnerable countries like the least developed countries that are worst affected by the devastating impacts of climate change and bear the greatest cost from the damage it causes, despite contributing the least to the problem. This injustice must be addressed by the international community through the provision of support for dealing with loss and damage,” he said. During the...

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New York Climate Week: “We need to recognize the urgency we face”- Patricia Espinosa
Sep25

New York Climate Week: “We need to recognize the urgency we face”- Patricia Espinosa

New York Climate Week: “We need to recognize the urgency we face”- Patricia Espinosa At the opening ceremony of New York Climate Week on monday 24th, the Executive Secretary of UN Climate Change, Patricia Espinosa, called for more urgency in taking climate action and stressed the need for leadership and a committed multilateral response. Her address   Seventhy-three years ago, nations—ravaged by war, weary of its costs—pledged to achieve what had, for the first half of the century, been impossible: a lasting peace. The signing of the UN Charter in San Francisco was more than an agreement to get along. It established a rules-based international order, championed multilateralism over self-interest, and clarified that the path forward was not through conflict but collaboration.We bear the fruit of that work. Today, many are healthier, better educated, and more peaceful than at any point in history.ut humanity faces a new challenge; one that threatens current and future generations. The Paris Agreement Climate change is an opponent we shaped with our own hands, but whose power now threatens to overwhelm us. Throughout the world, extreme heatwaves, wildfires, storms and floods are leaving a trail of devastation and death.Developing countries suffer the worst, but climate change affects all nations—directly and indirectly. It’s a challenge that a rules-based international order is custom-designed to address—which led to the Paris Agreement. Like the UN Charter itself, its signing was an unprecedented multilateral success. But nations are not living up to what they promised. Under it, nations agreed to limit climate change to 2-degrees Celsius—ideally 1.5C. These targets are the bare minimum to avoid the worst impacts of climate change. But what nations have currently pledged under Paris will bring the global temperature up about 3C by 2100. Let us be clear: low ambition leads to a future where humanity no longer controls its own fate—runaway climate change does. Recent negotiations in Bangkok on the Paris Agreement’s implementation guidelines made some progress, but not enough. Recognizing the urgency We must therefore work harder than ever between now and COP24 to complete this work. We need to see leadership, we need to recognize the urgency we face, and we need to make a commitment to a decisive multilateral response. We have no other option. This means that we must listen to the voices of billions who understand that time itself is a dwindling resource when it comes to climate change. We must listen also to those who understand that addressing climate change provides extraordinary opportunity and are acting. Just as 73 years ago the UN Charter was signed in San Francisco and then moved to New York City……we’ve also just arrived from...

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Nigeria- Waste management – The youth should seize the job opportunities
Sep14

Nigeria- Waste management – The youth should seize the job opportunities

Nigeria- Waste management – The youth should seize the job opportunities By Oluwasayo Folarin   Nigeria with a growing population of 189 million people produces an estimated 65 million tonnes of waste yearly, Waste Management Society of Nigeria has revealed. According to the World Bank, with a rapid population growth and urbanisation, municipal waste generation is expected to rise to 2.2 billion tonnes by 2025. In Lagos,   there are  over 10,000 metrics tons of waste generated daily with heaps of waste clogging waterways   which are causing environmental hazards. But there  are enormous opportunities in sustainable waste management in this country although  the jobs in Waste Management have  not been seized by the youth. How it can happen? First, corporate environmental strategies should be explained.  The youth in Nigeria  should know why and  how  corporations engage in environmental strategies. They have to understand what kind of environmental strategies have been  prepared by the country and other countries in Africa and in the world. Recycling, promoting an ecofriendly environment with positive outcome as a  massive income should be explained to the youth in rural and urban areas. In riverine areas in Nigeria, plastic bottles can be used to build canoes and these boats will be sold to fishermen. But again, this action has to be explained. Is it safe or not?  Is it environmental friendly? In India, plastic bottles are taken off there dumpsites and have been  used for  building roads. More than 33,796km of roads have been built in India with post-consumer plastic waste according to the last World Economic Forum. There is no time to waste. Niger, Kano and Nasarawa in central and northern Nigeria have been recently affected by flooding due to climate change and human activities such as clogging of drainage and improper disposal of waste. The social enterprise Wecylers based in Lagos can be a model for Nigerian ‘s youth. This company owned by a young woman from Nigerian’s  Diaspora can help the youth to overcome difficulties and find opportunities in waste management.     Oluwasayo Folarin is a young graduated from the  University of Ibadan, the first university of Nigeria.  He has a keen interest in  Science and Sustainable Development Goals  specially the Climate Action Goal in Nigeria.   He is  currently  working as a Research/Teaching Assistant at Osun State College of Technology, Esa Oke, Osun State, in Nigeria where he is assisting  lecturers on various research projects. He is now also part of Era Environnement to become a journalist. He will cover stories on climate action.  ...

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Afrique Climat- GLF Nairobi 2018 : les solutions  en Afrique
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Afrique Climat- GLF Nairobi 2018 : les solutions en Afrique

  Afrique Climat- GLF Nairobi 2018 : les solutions  en Afrique   Du 29 au 30 août, le Bureau des Nations Unies, en partenariat avec  la Banque Mondiale, et les ministères allemands de l’environnement et de la coopération et du développement, organiseront au Kenya un événement  sur les perspectives et opportunités de la restauration des paysages en Afrique. Explications. Par Houmi Ahamed-Mikidache   L’Afrique face aux Changements climatiques Du 29  au 30 août 2018 , le forum mondial sur les paysages ( GLF) accueillera à Nairobi (Kenya) une conférence régionale intitulée «  Restauration des paysages en Afrique : perspectives et opportunités ». Cette conférence est organisée par le Bureau des Nations Unies à Nairobi, la Banque Mondiale et les ministères allemands de l’environnement de la coopération et le développement. D’après  l’Organisation des Nations Unies pour l’Alimentation et l’Agriculture (FAO) et le Programme des Nations Unies pour l’Environnement , l’Afrique perd environ 2,8 millions d’hectares de forêts chaque année, près de 50 millions d’hectares de terres sont affectés par la dégradation. Les causes : les changements climatiques. L’Afrique, regroupant 38 Pays les Moins Avancés dont six Petits Etats Insulaires en Développement,  est constamment victime de la hausse des températures, de l’élévation du  niveau de la mer, et de l’irrégularité des précipitations. De fait, les agriculteurs doivent s’adapter dans l’urgence. Ils doivent tenir compte de la nouvelle pression sur l’eau et de la baisse de la productivité agricole pour gérer leurs cultures et leurs bétails. Mais, ces dernières années, des communautés locales de Madagascar, du Rwanda, du Sénégal, de l’Ouganda, du Malawi, de l’Ethiopie et du Niger ont réussi à restaurer plus de cinq millions d’hectares de paysages dégradés. D’après les Nations Unies, ces communautés locales en Afrique apportent des solutions innovantes dans la restauration des paysages sur le continent avec d’importantes retombées dans les secteurs, de la finance, de la technologie, de l’agriculture, de la santé et de l’éducation. LE GLF NAIROBI 2018 Le forum mondial sur les paysages (GLF) est une plateforme mondiale scientifique sur l’utilisation durable des terres. Ce forum organisé régulièrement  dans le monde est une plateforme de recherche scientifique qui met en avant les communautés locales. Elle  affirme  ne pas représenter uniquement un gouvernement, une organisation, une religion ou une idéologie, mais  représente des peuples autochtones, des agriculteurs du monde du Cameroun au Népal, et a permis l’inter-connexion entre 3000 organisations et plus de 25 000 personnes dans le monde à travers plusieurs initiatives variées. La conférence à Nairobi sera marquée par plusieurs ateliers et  sera, d’après les organisateurs,  l’opportunité  pour la jeunesse africaine expérimentée de partager ses expériences et d’obtenir un prix dans le cadre d’un concours. D’autres experts africains et...

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L’ Afrique, leader de la lutte contre les changements climatiques, pourrait-elle influencer les Etats-Unis?
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L’ Afrique, leader de la lutte contre les changements climatiques, pourrait-elle influencer les Etats-Unis?

L’ Afrique, leader de la lutte contre les changements climatiques, pourrait influencer les Etats-Unis EDITORIAL Par Houmi AHAMED-MIKIDACHE Alors que nous avons récemment remarqué que l’Amérique investit en Afrique dans le domaine environnemental, paradoxalement le pays du Président Donald Trump continue à nier l’existence des changements climatiques. Pourtant, les faits sont là : élévation de la mer, déplacement des populations, sécheresse et chaleur intenses sont fréquentes actuellement aux Etats-Unis, notamment en Californie, avec des pics de chaleurs évalués à 48, 9° Celsius  à Chino près de Los Angeles le 7 juillet dernier, d’après la météo nationale américaine. L’Amérique de Donald Trump vit la Canicule et ses conséquences  comme dans de nombreux pays  en ce moment, et pourtant le gouvernement américain a toujours  l’intention de se retirer   de l’Accord de Paris. Era Environnement, ce mois-ci, vous donnera des explications sur les différentes stratégies des pays d’Afrique pour mettre le climat, l’économie verte et bleue au centre des préoccupations  géostratégiques. Cela pourrait-il impulser sur la décision finale des Etats-Unis dans quelques années ?  A Suivre....

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AFDB: Africa needs to accelerate private sector investment in infrastructure
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AFDB: Africa needs to accelerate private sector investment in infrastructure

AFDB: Africa needs to accelerate private sector investment in infrastructure By Houmi Ahamed-Mikidache   The Kenyan Urgent call President Uhuru Kenyatta has made an urgent call for developing and funding bankable infrastructure projects to drive Africa’s growth agenda during the Africa50 General shareholders Meeting held in Nairobi, Kenya. President Kenyatta said support for bankable projects in energy, transport, ICT, water and sanitation provide unprecedented opportunities for private sector participation. “The private sector must step up and help us close the infrastructure gap on the African continent. Public funding is limited, and there are competing priorities,” he said. Kenyatta announced Kenya would double its current shareholding investment in Africa50 to US$ 100 million. “We must have the confidence to trust and invest in our own infrastructure. Let us grow our partnership and make Africa50 a success.” ” A financing gap of US$ $68 – 108 billion” According to statistics provided by the African Development Bank (www.AfDB.org) the continent’s infrastructure funding requirements stand at close to US$ 170 billion a year, leaving a financing gap of US$ $68 – 108 billion. African Development Bank President and Chairman of Africa50, Akinwumi Adesina, said, “We need to act with speed and urgency. Our people expect nothing else.” He emphasized the importance of tackling factors that inhibit private sector infrastructure investments, including high costs of financing, weak regulations,  lack of cost reflective tariffs, low profitability, and weak regulatory frameworks for public-private partnerships. Private sector infrastructure financing in Africa remains low, averaging US$ 6 billion per year. In 2016, the figure dipped to US$ 2.6 billion. Adesina said Africa requires new models of financing infrastructure. “We must work smart to attract greater levels of investment financing for infrastructure development in Africa. Globally, there is approximately a US$ 120 trillion pool of savings and private equity. Africa must creatively attract some of this into the continent,” he said. Africa50 In response to Africa’s infrastructure finance deficit, the African Development Bank has launched the Africa Investment Forum (AIF) set to take place in South Africa in November 2018. The transaction-based forum is expected to be a gathering of global pension funds, sovereign wealth funds and institutional investors, and key private sector players. Adesina commended President Kenyatta for the country’s bold commitment to and investments in infrastructure development over the last 5 years. Infrastructure accounts for 77% of the Bank’s Kenya portfolio. “Mr. President, you were one of the first African leaders to support the creation of Africa50, which I am honored to chair,” said Adesina. “The African Development Bank, of which I am President, helped create Africa50 because we believe new institutional models are needed to close Africa’s...

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