“Young African Scientists are engaging to make Africa Disaster Resilient Ready!” MARYANNE MURIUKI
Juin03

“Young African Scientists are engaging to make Africa Disaster Resilient Ready!” MARYANNE MURIUKI

“Young African Scientists are engaging to make Africa Disaster Resilient Ready! “ MARYANNE MURIUKI   Last may,  15 young scientists from Tunisia, Morocco, South Africa, Central African Republic, Madagascar, Kenya, Tanzania, Cameroun, Congo, Uganda, Burundi, Ghana, Nigeria, Ivory Coast,   and South Sudan have been selected by the African Union to be part of the African Youth Advisory board in Nairobi with the aim to  facilitate the implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 which is  a 15-year, voluntary, non-binding agreement which recognizes that the State has the primary role to reduce disaster risk. Maryanne  Muriuki, a 28 years old young woman from Nyandarua County in the Central Province in  Kenya was among these 15 young scientists. She was recently interviewed by Era Environnement.   ERA ENVIRONNEMENT:  How were these 15 young scientists of the African Youth Advisory board selected? MARYANNE MURIUKI:  The board comprises of 15 young people between 18 and 35 years. We all come from various disciplines, but all our efforts are towards Disaster Risk Reduction. We also represent various disciplines, including academia, the private sector, civil society, and government. We also represent all the regions of Africa, East, West, Southern, Northern and Central. We are a total of 7 women on the Board! All of us are passionate and are involved in the implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR 2015-2030), and closer home, are in alignment with the AU Programme of Action (PoA). ERA ENVIRONNEMENT: How this board will enhance the capacity building of African youth on their activities related to the prevention of natural disasters? MARYANNE MURIUKI: This is a good question. African Youth Advisory Board-Disaster Risk Reduction will organise capacity building workshops in collaboration with the African Union Commission (AUC), Regional Economic Communities (RECs) and other relevant institutions centred on the four  priorities of action Sendai Framework for African Union Youth and Young Politicians. We will also leverage on electronic and non-electronic platforms to share capacity building information on Disaster Risk Reduction. Already, we have engaged quite a number of African youth in Disaster Risk Reduction through our social media platforms. African Youth Advisory Board-Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) will also facilitate intergenerational capacity building in Disaster Risk Reduction between youth practitioners and experienced Disaster Risk Reduction practitioners at different levels of engagement. Finally, the Board will create avenues for the interaction of youth and youth organisations in DRR with related disciplines such as Climate Change, Urbanisation and Sustainable Development for cross discipline building of capacities. ERA ENVIRONNEMENT:  What was the outcome of the meeting in Nairobi ? MARYANNE MURIUKI:  We have set targets for the coming six months, basing on the four priorities for Action: Understanding disaster risk, Strengthening disaster risk governance to manage disaster risk,...

Read More
UNFCCC: In Preparation for COP 25
Juin02

UNFCCC: In Preparation for COP 25

UNFCCC: In Preparation for COP 25   By ERA ENVIRONNEMENT with UNFCCC The 50th session of the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA 50) and the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI 50) will be held in Bonn,  Germany, from 17-27 June 2019, in preparation for COP 25. The Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice is one of two permanent subsidiary bodies to the Convention established by the Conference of the Parties /Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris.  It supports the work of these bodies through the provision of timely information and advice on scientific and technological matters as they relate to the UNFCC, its Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreeement. Vulnerability and Adaptation among the discussion This year, the technical  discussion will be about vulnerability, and adaptation to climate change, science and review with research and observation of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) special Report on Global Warming of 1.5 °C. Also up for discussion are methodological issues under the Convention, including a training programme for review experts for the technical review of greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories of Annex I Parties* to the Convention (developed countries). Under methodological issues under the Kyoto Protocol, SBSTA 50 will address: land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF); and implications of including reforestation of lands with forest in exhaustion as afforestation and reforestation clean development mechanism (CDM) project activities. Keys to achieve NDCs Regarding methodological issues under the Paris Agreement, SBSTA 50 has on its agenda issues related to, inter alia, reporting of information: on anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks of GHGs; to track progress made in implementing and achieving Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs); and on financial, technology development and transfer and capacity-building support. On matters relating to Article 6 (cooperative approaches) of the Paris Agreement, the SBSTA will address: guidance on cooperative approaches; rules, modalities and procedures for the mechanism established by Article 6; and the work programme under the framework for non-market approaches. The SBSTA will also discuss market and non-market mechanisms under the Convention, including a framework for various approaches, non-market-based approaches, and a new market-based mechanism. SBI 50 will include: a multilateral assessment working group session under the international assessment and review (IAR) process; and a facilitative sharing of views under the international consultation and analysis (ICA) process. How the SBI will work? The SBI will address issues related to reporting from and review of Annex I Parties, including, inter alia: status of submission and review of seventh national communications and third BRs; compilations and syntheses of second and third BRs; the report on national GHG inventory...

Read More
Journée internationale de la biodiversité
Mai23

Journée internationale de la biodiversité

Journée internationale de la biodiversité    Par Era Environnement Alimentation, Agriculture et Forêts  La journée internationale de la biodiversité est célébrée tous les ans le 22 mai. Mais que  représente cette journée  dans le monde? Des données  issues du récent rapport  de la Plateforme intergouvernementale scientifique et politique sur la biodiversité et les services écosystémiques (IPBES) rappellent  les différentes problématiques liées à l’alimentation, l’agriculture et les forêts dans le monde. 75 % de l’environnement terrestre ont déjà été ” gravement altérés ” par les activités humaines. Il y a eu une augmentation de 300% de la production agricole depuis 1970, pourtant 11% de la population mondiale est sous-alimentée et environ 860 millions de personnes sont confrontées à l’insécurité alimentaire en Afrique et en Asie seulement. Environ un tiers de la surface terrestre mondiale et 75 % des ressources en eau douce sont consacrées à la production végétale ou animale. De 1980 à 2000, 100 millions d’hectares de forêt tropicale ont été perdus, principalement à cause de l’élevage du bétail en Amérique latine (environ 42 millions d’hectares) et des plantations en Asie du Sud-Est (environ 7,5 millions d’hectares, dont 80% pour l’huile de palme, utilisée principalement pour l’alimentation, les cosmétiques, les produits de nettoyage et les combustibles). 23 % des terres ont vu leur productivité diminuer en raison de la dégradation des terres, ce qui pourrait être atténué si l’on adoptait davantage des pratiques agricoles agroécologiques et restauratrices. Pendant ce temps, 75% des types de cultures vivrières dans le monde dépendent de la pollinisation animale. Le risque: la perte d’ environ 235 à 577 milliards de dollars US par an de la production mondiale de cultures. Comment réorienter le financement pour une agriculture intelligente? D’après le rapport de l’IPBES, en 2015, environ 100 milliards de dollars d’aide financière dans les pays de l’OCDE sont allés à l’agriculture qui est selon ces experts potentiellement nuisible pour l’environnement. D’après les auteurs du rapport,  près d’un tiers de la superficie forestière mondiale a été perdu par rapport aux niveaux préindustriels.  Environ 25 % des émissions de gaz à effet de serre sont dues au défrichement, à la production végétale et à la fertilisation, les aliments d’origine animale contribuant pour 75 % à ce chiffre.  5,6 gigatonnes d’émissions de CO2 sont séquestrées dans les écosystèmes marins et terrestres chaque année, ce qui équivaut à 60 % des émissions mondiales de combustibles fossiles. Paradoxalement, les petites exploitations contribuent au maintien d’une riche biodiversité, tout en contribuant aussi davantage, par hectare, à la production agricole et à l’approvisionnement alimentaire mondial comparées aux grandes exploitations : +/-30 % : la production végétale mondiale et l’approvisionnement alimentaire mondial sont assurés par de petites exploitations agricoles (<2...

Read More
Audrey de Souza- Blue Economy : “It’s all about the people for the people”
Mai14

Audrey de Souza- Blue Economy : “It’s all about the people for the people”

The Second Ocean UN Conference will be held in Lisbon on June 2-6 2020  focusing on solutions to save the Ocean. It will be co-hosted by Kenya and Portugal.  Era Environnement  introduces you to a young woman from Mombasa, who was part  of the international blue conference held in Nairobi ( Kenya) on November 27th 2018.Her name is Audrey de Souza.   Era Environnement  took her point of view during the conference in Nairobi. Miss de Souza,  is an experienced entrepreneur  and a consultant in Mombasa. She  works for a company name as  Intoku Africa.  Audrey de  Souza might attend the conference in Portugal next year, as she works on solutions to protect her country in the coastline of  Kenya, in Mombasa. Listen to the interview in three parts on water sanitation, finance and woman participation .       Watersanitation (1)       Womenparticipation       Empoweringwomen Interview by Houmi...

Read More
Comment reconstruire Maweni ya Mbude
Mai10

Comment reconstruire Maweni ya Mbude

Comment reconstruire Maweni ya Mbude   Deux jours après le passage du  cyclone Kenneth, ERA ENVIRONNEMENT s’est rendue à Maweni ya Mbudé ou Maoueni Mboudé, une localité située au nord de la Grande Comore, près d’un autre village agricole Ivembéni. Reconstruire ce village   est la priorité des agronomes. Comment ? Que représente Maweni ya Mbudé à la Grande Comore? Cette localité est l’une des  six localités exploitant la forêt de la Grille, une forêt claire et humide de moyenne altitude où est pratiquée l’agroforesterie. Les agriculteurs y cultivent le taro, le manioc, la patate douce et la banane. A noter que 80% des cultures vivrières des Comores sont destinés à l’autoconsommation. La banane est le produit de l’agriculture locale le plus consommé aux Comores. Les bananes sont le quatrième aliment de base mondial derrière le riz, le blé et le maïs, selon l’Organisation des Nations Unies pour l’Alimentation et l’Agriculture (FAO). D’après la FAO, la production annuelle en 2013 était  estimée à quelque 107 millions de tonnes, avec seulement 16 millions de tonnes destinées au marché international, pour une valeur de près de 9 milliards de dollars.  A Maweni Ya Mbudé, le cyclone Kenneth a détruit toutes les bananeraies. Or, les Comores sont connues pour leur diversité de  bananes. Problème:  la destruction des bananeraies  par le cyclone remet en question la durabilité de cette ressource agricole. L’agriculture aux Comores est victime des très fortes chaleurs, d’une pluviométrie intense et variable, d’espèces envahissantes, d’une baisse de la biodiversité en lien avec l’évolution du climat. Selon la seconde communication nationale sur les changements climatiques éditée en 2012, les cyclones et leur violence aggravée entraîneraient une diminution du rendement et pénaliseraient les familles des producteurs. Atoumani Moilim, Ingénieur Agronome, ancien étudiant à Dakar au Sénégal, diplômé d’un master en gestion de la fertilité du sol donne son avis sur la question et apporte ses solutions. Ecoutez       AtoumaniMoilim Propos recueillis par Houmi Ahamed-Mikidache Maweni Ya Mboudé Crédit photo: Houmi Ahamed-Mikidache...

Read More
Comorians Coastal areas, after Cyclone Kenneth
Mai10

Comorians Coastal areas, after Cyclone Kenneth

Comorian Coastal areas, after Cyclone Kenneth   In Comoros, 7 people died  and  19,300 people were displaced because of   the tropical Cyclone Kenneth happened  from Wednesday  24th to Thusday 25 th of April. Most of the agriculture and coastal areas  were affected by the strongest tropical cyclone of the archipelago’s history.  The risk of water-borne diseases has increased in Comoros countries due to damage to water and sanitation infrastructure, acccording to United Nations Office for the Coordination for Human Affairs (OCHA). Six health facilities were reportedly impacted, including the El-Maarouf National Hospital Centre, two regional hospitals in Foumbouni and Mitsamiouli ( Grande Comore, ), two health posts in Mkazi and Tsinimoichongo ( Grande Comore)as well as a health centre in Nioumachoua  ( Moheli) , according to a rapid assessment conducted on 26 April and confirmed by World Health Organization. Known as one of the best  places to visit in Comoros, Mitsamiouli has seen  part of its infrastructures, trees, and homes destroyed  by the cyclone. Report by Houmi Ahamed -Mikidache     Mitsmiamiouli, northern Comoros Saturday April 27, Roukia, 28 years old, is sitting in the public bus,  the “taxi brousse”  in Gare du Nord in Moroni ( the capital of Comoros). Gare du Nord is the place where she used to take the bus after working many hours as a laboratory technician in hospital El Maarouf, the national hospital of Comoros. For the first time since the Cyclone came to Comoros, she can go to her mom’s place in Mitsamiouli. ” Everyone is safe, except the house, the roof disappeared,” she said.  The bus leaves Moroni. Roukia is looking around. It’s been three days since the Cyclone came to Comoros.  She could not come to her mom’s place before. “The roads were blocked by fallen trees, “she explained. She looks to the windows of the bus. ” This is first time I saw all these trees fallen in the street on my way to my mom’s place, ” she added. The bus passed through many localities which have been damaged by the storm. Finally, one hour later,  Roukia arrived in Mitsamiouli. Fishermen are sitting behind the sea. Mitsamiouli is one the towns in the north of Grande Comore which has been hardly demolished by the cyclone.    Listen to the interview of Shabaan Mohamed Mfwaraya in Comorian and French.       Comores The Fishermen in Mitsamiouli Fisherman Shabaane Mohamed Mfwaraya is  standing behind the sea with others fishermen, in the center of Mitsamiouli, in the north of  Grande Comore.   This  experienced fisherman said people in his town did not believe the cyclone will come. ” We were informed earlier by the Civil Security...

Read More