Audrey de Souza- Blue Economy : “It’s all about the people for the people”
Mai14

Audrey de Souza- Blue Economy : “It’s all about the people for the people”

The Second Ocean UN Conference will be held in Lisbon on June 2-6 2020  focusing on solutions to save the Ocean. It will be co-hosted by Kenya and Portugal.  Era Environnement  introduces you to a young woman from Mombasa, who was part  of the international blue conference held in Nairobi ( Kenya) on November 27th 2018.Her name is Audrey de Souza.   Era Environnement  took her point of view during the conference in Nairobi. Miss de Souza,  is an experienced entrepreneur  and a consultant in Mombasa. She  works for a company name as  Intoku Africa.  Audrey de  Souza might attend the conference in Portugal next year, as she works on solutions to protect her country in the coastline of  Kenya, in Mombasa. Listen to the interview in three parts on water sanitation, finance and woman participation .       Watersanitation (1)       Womenparticipation       Empoweringwomen Interview by Houmi...

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Comorians Coastal areas, after Cyclone Kenneth
Mai10

Comorians Coastal areas, after Cyclone Kenneth

Comorian Coastal areas, after Cyclone Kenneth   In Comoros, 7 people died  and  19,300 people were displaced because of   the tropical Cyclone Kenneth happened  from Wednesday  24th to Thusday 25 th of April. Most of the agriculture and coastal areas  were affected by the strongest tropical cyclone of the archipelago’s history.  The risk of water-borne diseases has increased in Comoros countries due to damage to water and sanitation infrastructure, acccording to United Nations Office for the Coordination for Human Affairs (OCHA). Six health facilities were reportedly impacted, including the El-Maarouf National Hospital Centre, two regional hospitals in Foumbouni and Mitsamiouli ( Grande Comore, ), two health posts in Mkazi and Tsinimoichongo ( Grande Comore)as well as a health centre in Nioumachoua  ( Moheli) , according to a rapid assessment conducted on 26 April and confirmed by World Health Organization. Known as one of the best  places to visit in Comoros, Mitsamiouli has seen  part of its infrastructures, trees, and homes destroyed  by the cyclone. Report by Houmi Ahamed -Mikidache     Mitsmiamiouli, northern Comoros Saturday April 27, Roukia, 28 years old, is sitting in the public bus,  the “taxi brousse”  in Gare du Nord in Moroni ( the capital of Comoros). Gare du Nord is the place where she used to take the bus after working many hours as a laboratory technician in hospital El Maarouf, the national hospital of Comoros. For the first time since the Cyclone came to Comoros, she can go to her mom’s place in Mitsamiouli. ” Everyone is safe, except the house, the roof disappeared,” she said.  The bus leaves Moroni. Roukia is looking around. It’s been three days since the Cyclone came to Comoros.  She could not come to her mom’s place before. “The roads were blocked by fallen trees, “she explained. She looks to the windows of the bus. ” This is first time I saw all these trees fallen in the street on my way to my mom’s place, ” she added. The bus passed through many localities which have been damaged by the storm. Finally, one hour later,  Roukia arrived in Mitsamiouli. Fishermen are sitting behind the sea. Mitsamiouli is one the towns in the north of Grande Comore which has been hardly demolished by the cyclone.    Listen to the interview of Shabaan Mohamed Mfwaraya in Comorian and French.       Comores The Fishermen in Mitsamiouli Fisherman Shabaane Mohamed Mfwaraya is  standing behind the sea with others fishermen, in the center of Mitsamiouli, in the north of  Grande Comore.   This  experienced fisherman said people in his town did not believe the cyclone will come. ” We were informed earlier by the Civil Security...

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News in brief
Mai09

News in brief

News in brief By Era Environnement A workshop on Fall Armyworm to be held in Zimbabwe The International Institute of Tropical Agriculture and the Department of Research and Specialist Services, Ministry of Lands, Agriculture, Water, Climate and Rural Resettlement, are jointly organising a fall armyworm (FAW )Compact Country Inception Workshop on 20-22 May 2019 in Harare, Zimbabwe. Key participants to the workshop will include national partners involved in agricultural research and extension, the academia, agro-input suppliers (agrochemical and seed industry), CGIAR centers, FAO, CABI, development partners, NGOs, and farmer associations.  According to the organizers, the overall objective of this workshop will be to formulate a comprehensive and sustainable country FAW response strategy taking into account experiences from end of 2016 to date as well as parallel initiatives by FAO, CABI, CIMMYT, USAID and other partners. The fall armyworm (FAW) Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith) is unarguably one of the most damaging insect pests to be introduced to Africa in the 21st century. Its spread throughout sub-Saharan Africa has been very rapid owing to the ideal climate, lack of a resting stage, wide host range and varying host plant phenologies. IEAA to brief on Sterile Insect Technique in Senegal On May 9th, the International Atomic Energy Agency ( IAEA) will be briefing  on the success of the Sterile Insect Technique in increasing agricultural productivity and boosting income in Senegal. The United States is the exclusive funder of a nearly $5 million IAEA Peaceful Uses Initiative (PUI) project, “Contributing to Agricultural Development in West Africa through the Control of Tsetse Flies and Trypanosomosis,” having contributed $4,993,367 to this project since its inception in 2010. The project aims to eradicate the tsetse population (Glossina palpalis gambiensis) from the Niayes region, northeast of Dakar using the IAEA’s Sterile Insect Technique (SIT).  The tsetse fly population is now approaching confirmed eradication and the project has had significant positive socioeconomic benefits on farmers in the region. High Level Workshop: 16-18 May 2019-Pretoria, South Africa A High Level workshop organized by the International Seabed Authority ( ISA) and the Government of the Republic of South will be held on 16-May 2019  . Held over three days, this workshop aims to foster international and regional cooperation to promote the sustainable development of Africa’s deep seabed resources in support of Africa’s Blue Economy. The workshop will bring together key stakeholders including official representatives of Angola, Botswana, Eswatini, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, South Africa and Zambia; as well as African experts on the law of the sea and mining...

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Bénin :  les zones humides en danger
Oct26

Bénin : les zones humides en danger

Bénin : les zones humides en danger Les zones humides disparaissent trois fois plus vite que les forêts et les conséquences seront graves pour l’avenir de la planète à moins que des mesures ne soient prises de toutes urgences pour les sauver a alarmé la Convention de Ramsar  dans un rapport publié récemment. Explications par Hippolyte Agossou Les zones humides disparaissent trois fois plus vite que les forêts et les conséquences seront graves pour l’avenir de la planète à moins que des mesures ne soient prises de toutes urgences pour les sauver a récemment alarmé la Convention de Ramsar (traité mondial ratifié par 170 pays, la Convention de Ramsar vise à protéger et promouvoir l’utilisation rationnelle des zones humides ). Alarmant Le rapport indique qu’entre 1970 et 2015, environ 35% des zones humides de la planète ont disparu avec une disparition qui s’accélère depuis 2000. Les raisons : changements climatiques, démographie galopante, urbanisation des zones côtières et des deltas fluviaux, évolution des modèles de consommation, changements intervenus dans l’utilisation des terres et de l’eau dans l’agriculture. Le rapport montre qu’aucune région dans le monde n’est épargnée. Il indique que les zones humides, lacs, cours d’eau, marais et tourbières, ainsi que les zones marines et côtières telles que les estuaires, lagunes, mangroves et récifs coralliens couvrent actuellement plus 12,1 million km2, une superficie plus vaste que celle du Groenland. Mais, il déplore l’information suivante: entre 13% et 18% de ces zones sont seulement inscrites sur la Liste de Ramsar des zones humides d’importance internationale et sont des sites protégés. Le cas du Bénin De nombreuses zones humides au Bénin retiennent l’attention à l’international : la basse vallée de l’Ouémé, la lagune de Porto-Novo et le lac Nokoué ( la plus vaste du Bénin avec une superficie avoisinant 91 600 hectares) ,le site du parc W ( au cœur du complexe transfrontalier et qui est conjointement géré par le Bénin, le Niger et le Burkina-Faso et qui est couvert par la convention de Ramsar depuis 2007). Ces zones humides accueillent les oiseaux migrateurs notamment. Elles servaient de zone de refuge pendant la période coloniale. Malgré la ratification de cette Convention par le Bénin, les zones humides font objet de surexploitation et sont devenues des dépotoirs avec de nombreux déchets en plastiques, une destruction massive de mangroves. Bien qu’il existe des mesures de protection liées au droit de l’environnement au niveau national ( article 64 du Code foncier domanial), une partie de la population exerce sur les zones humides des activités de contrebande qui polluent l’eau.   Autre source de pollution: l’usage des pesticides dans les villages agricoles environnants. Conséquences : une bonne...

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AGENDA
Oct24

AGENDA

73è session du Comité de la protection du milieu marin (#MEPC73) 22-26 Octobre- Londres Treizième réunion de la Conférence des Parties à la Convention de Ramsar 22-29 octobre 2018 | Dubai, Emirats Arabes Unis (EAU) Colloque Conservatoire du Littoral Zéro Artificialisation  Nette Outils et perspective sur le littoral 25 Octobre- Paris-France Conférence des Nations Unies sur la biodiversité– 17-29 Novembre- COP 14 CDB-Charm El Cheikh- Egypte 2018 Sommet Africités 8 -Marrakech-Maroc- 20 au 24 novembre 2018 Conférence sur l’économie bleue durable– Nairobi- Kenya- 26-28 Novembre 2018 Global Landscape Forum–  1-2 Décembre 2018- Bonn- Allemagne La Conférence des Nations Unies sur les changements climatiques–  COP 24/ CMP 14/ CMA 1.3 Katowice, Pologne -2–14 Décembre 2018 Atelier International- Mise en oeuvre des solutions de lutte contre les changements climatiques basées sur la nature en région méditerranée- 22-24 janvier 2019-Marseille ( France)  ...

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Blue Economy: NGOS call to speed controls on ships- (#MEPC73)
Oct22

Blue Economy: NGOS call to speed controls on ships- (#MEPC73)

Blue Economy: NGOS call to speed controls on ships- (#MEPC73)   10 Non Governmental Organizations (WWF, Whale and Dolphin Conservation , Environmental Investigation Agency, Seas at Risk…)  call  the International Maritime Organization   to speed controls on ships, ahead of the 73 session of the Marine Environment Protection Committee which be held in London today until October 26th. Open letter to Mr Hideaki Saito, Chair, Marine Environment Protection Committee, International Maritime Organization.   We the undersigned organizations wish to express our support for the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) in considering speed measures for shipping at its Marine Environment Policy Committee meeting (MEPC 73) starting October 22 in London. Speed controls on ships, determined and implemented by the IMO, would have multiple benefits. On climate change, managing the speed of ships, as is done in other transport sectors, would be a useful policy lever in cutting greenhouse gas emissions, with associated benefits for marine life. Air pollution, whether of SOx, NOx, particulate matter, or black carbon, could similarly be reduced. For whales and dolphins, slower ship speeds could reduce underwater noise pollution, and reduce incidents of whale strikes. For these reasons we urge IMO delegates to give the speed proposal due consideration, and decide on a timeline for an impact study before a decision on adoption. Speed could be a valuable tool in the IMO’s toolbox, for the climate, human health, and marine life....

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