L’intégration régionale : une solution pour l’emploi             
Août12

L’intégration régionale : une solution pour l’emploi             

L’intégration régionale : une solution pour l’emploi   12/08/2019 En vingt ans, l’Afrique a connu une croissance rapide, mais cette dernière n’a pas été favorable à l’emploi, d’après le rapport 2019 de la Banque Africaine de Développement sur les perspectives économiques en Afrique. En 2016, à travers l’édition d’un rapport sur l’industrialisation de l’Afrique, les Chefs d’Etat Africains étaient appelés à s’interroger sur les moyens d’intégration de la jeunesse dans les emplois verts . Trois ans plus tard,  l’identification de ces métiers reste un défi. L’intégration régionale pourrait être une solution.   Par Houmi Ahamed-Mikidache   «  La population active africaine devrait augmenter de près de 40% d’ici 2030 » Aux Comores, d’après les perspectives 2019 de la Banque Africaine de Développement ( BAD) , la croissance économique devrait atteindre respectivement 2,8 % et 2,9 % en 2019 et 2020, niveau presque inchangé par rapport à celui de 2018. Cependant, les perspectives économiques devraient être plus favorables en raison d’une amélioration progressive (quoique fragile) de la situation dans le secteur de l’électricité, et de l’engagement du Gouvernement pour un important programme de développement, le taux brut d’investissement devant passer de 22.5 % en 2017 à 25,1 % en 2019, précise le rapport. En marge des Assemblées annuelles  de la BAD organisées récemment à Malabo, en Guinée équatoriale,  8,63 millions d’euros de financement ont été accordés aux Comores par la Banque pour poursuivre les réformes du pays dans le secteur de l’énergie, entamés en 2014, dans le cadre du Projet d’Appui au secteur de l’énergie ( PASEC). Même si les perspectives économiques en Afrique de la Banque Africaine de développement cette année montrent une amélioration générale et continue des performances économiques du continent, le rapport indique que la population active africaine devrait augmenter de près de 40% d’ici 2030.  100 millions de jeunes seraient sans emploi. Seule la moitié des nouveaux arrivants sur le marché du travail trouveront un emploi, et la plupart de ces emplois seront dans le secteur informel, un secteur regroupant des classes sociales précaires, souligne le rapport de la BAD. D’après les recherches  des économistes de la BAD, la grande majorité des emplois crées en Afrique sont des emplois informels, des emplois présentés par l’Organisation internationale du Travail comme étant  non contractuels, non réglementés et non protégés, ne permettant pas l’accès à une quelconque protection sociale. Une meilleure assimilation des enjeux de  l’intégration régionale pourrait-elle permettre un meilleur accès à l’emploi formel ? L’intégration régionale, soulignent  les experts de la BAD n’est pas seulement une question  d’accès aux marchés. La coopération régionale a toujours été importante, ne serait-ce qu’en raison de la nécessité des chemins de fer, des routes...

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La RSE, tremplin  pour la formalisation de l’informel
Août03

La RSE, tremplin  pour la formalisation de l’informel

La RSE, tremplin  pour la formalisation de l’informel Par Houmi Ahamed-Mikidache* 3/08/2019   A quelques jours du salon de l’emploi qui aura lieu à Moroni, du 5 au 7 août 2019 à l’occasion du centenaire de l’Organisation Internationale du Travail, Era Environnement revient sur la formalisation de l’informel : une revendication du manifeste de Tunis présentée à l’issue d’un forum sur la Responsabilité Sociétale des  Entreprises (RSE),  organisé il y a quelques années.   L’Organisation Internationale du travail fête ses 100 ans cette année. Mais le chantier est encore long. Le secteur informel en Afrique est de plus en actif et présent. Aux Comores, le secteur informel domine majoritairement  le marché de l’emploi. « Quelque soit le secteur d’activité en Afrique, il est difficile de trouver une chaîne de valeur qui ne fasse pas recours à l’économie informelle, » a souligné, il y a quelques années, Thierry Téné, Associé et Directeur de l’Institut Afrique RSE,  dans un tribune dédiée à la formalisation du secteur informel. Mais des solutions existent. La RSE  Lors de la deuxième édition du forum international des pionniers de la Responsabilité Sociétale des Entreprises  (RSE)  organisée le 21 et 22 novembre 2012 à Tunis par l’Institut Afrique RSE et la Confédération des Entreprises Citoyennes de Tunisie (CONECT),  Téné, a  positionné la RSE  comme un tremplin pour la formalisation de l’informel. En 2017, ce spécialiste de la RSE en Afrique a cité dans un tribune trois  articles * du manifeste de Tunis justifiant cette affirmation. Dans cette tribune,  Téné souligne qu’en  2017 l’Organisation Internationale du Travail (OIT) a amendé pour la troisième fois sa Déclaration de principes tripartite sur les entreprises multinationales et la politique sociale. Objectif : orienter les entreprises multinationales, les gouvernements, les employeurs et les travailleurs dans les domaines tels que l’emploi, la formation, les relations professionnelles et les conditions de travail et de vie. « Les gouvernements devraient élaborer et mettre en œuvre des cadres d’action intégrés afin de faciliter la transition vers l’économie formelle, en tenant compte du fait que les déficits de travail décent sont plus prononcés dans l’économie informelle, » précise le manifeste de Tunis.  Et d’ajouter : « Les entreprises multinationales et les autres entreprises devraient elles aussi contribuer à cet objectif. » Les perspectives économiques Même si les perspectives économiques en Afrique de la Banque Africaine de développement (BAD) cette année montrent une amélioration générale et continue des performances économiques du continent, le rapport indique que la population active africaine devrait augmenter de près de 40% d’ici 2030.  100 millions de jeunes seraient sans emploi. Seule la moitié des nouveaux arrivants sur le marché du travail trouveront un emploi, et la plupart de ces emplois seront dans le secteur...

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New toolkit launched to guide governments to drive economies through tourism
Juin24

New toolkit launched to guide governments to drive economies through tourism

New toolkit launched to guide governments to drive economies through tourism By Duncan Mboyah A new tool kit has been launched to guide African governments to drive their economies through tourism. The tool kit will guide protected area authorities to attract new international investment to fund national parks while also conserving environments and providing socio-economic benefits. “The kit provide models on protected areas in Africa and gives predicted revenue increases of between four and eleven times within a decade,” Dr. Lauren Evans, Director of Conservation Science at Space for Giants notes during the launched in the sidelines of the summit on wildlife conservation in Zimbabwe.Dr. Evans observes that Africa’s unique diversity of wildlife and habitat has the potential to radically transform the continent’s economy. She says that it is encouraging that a few state protected areas are meeting their potential as engines for growth and presents a major opportunity for governments. “Cared for and sustainably developed, these are national assets that can provide significant financial and social returns now and long into the future,” she adds. Bringing new private sector investment Presenting a paper, Building a Wildlife Economy: Developing Nature-Based Tourism in African State Protected Areas, Dr. Evans notes that national parks and other state-owned conservation areas could significantly multiply the revenue they pump into African economies. The paper says that bringing new private-sector investment to underfunded protected areas to capitalize on surging interest in nature-based tourism would help fund conservation without draining state finances, while driving sustainable local and national development. Oliver Poole, executive director of the Giants Club, says that the paper details not only the boost to an African country’s economy that comes from developing tourism to its national parks in a sustainable way, but also the steps that governments can best take to secure that share of the tourism market. “If governments implement the toolkit laid out in this report they will not only help secure the long-term future of their wildlife and the landscapes they rely on but also will draw on foreign investment, create jobs and raise the GDP of their nation,” he adds. The authors notes that four of every five tourists to sub-Saharan Africa visits to view wildlife while the number of tourists is set to double to 134m by 2030. Sustainable Tourism creates jobs Tourism already drives 8.5 percent of Africa’s GDP and provides 24 million jobs while spending on tourism, hospitality and recreation could double to more than $260 billion by 2030. They however called for urgent improvement of the economy and ecological value to save wildlife and landscapes that are under a cute threat. The paper states found out that some...

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Wildlife experts meeting to enforce new rules in wildlife management
Juin24

Wildlife experts meeting to enforce new rules in wildlife management

Wildlife experts meeting to enforce new rules in wildlife management By Duncan Mboyah Wildlife experts in Zimbabwe’s Victoria Falls this week to enforce new rules in wildlife management. The summit that is being held from June 23 – 25, 2019 has been convened by the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) and the African Union (AU) to radically change the way the continent’s nature-based economy is managed. “To save wildlife and preserve livelihoods, we must ensure that wild spaces remain a legitimate and competitive land-use option,” Joyce Msuya, Deputy Executive Director of UNEP said. Msuya noted that the there is urgent need to create a new and effective wildlife economy so as to ensure that they are used responsibly. A New led Africa-led vision The summit is a new, Africa-led vision of conservation that links the private sector with national authorities and local communities to design and finance conservation-compatible investments that deliver sustainable economic and ecological benefits to countries, people and the environment.   In Africa, businesses such as tourism, the harvesting of plants and natural products for food, cosmetics or medicines, wildlife credit schemes for direct payments for conservation, or fees, taxes and levies tied to the use of nature, employ millions of people and earn governments billions of dollars in revenue. “Africa has made significant headway in protecting natural spaces and conserving wildlife and ecosystems,” Josefa Correia Sacko, AU Commissioner for Rural Economy and Agriculture.   Sacko noted that it is time to boost economies through Africa-led public-private partnerships that place communities at the heart of investment, while taking into account the need to continue the conservation pathway.” Alongside commercial rewards, conserved habitats drive local, regional and global environmental benefits. According to UNEP and the World Conservation Monitoring Center the consumer spending on tourism, hospitality and recreation in Africa, estimated at $124 billion in 2015, is expected to reach $262 billion by 2030. They said that even as economies built on wildlife continue to grow, they must take into account economic, social and ecological sustainability. The African Wildlife Economy Initiative to be launched The summit is set to develop a road map to social sustainability that mainstreams local communities as co-investors in the nature-based economy. This will ensure that people living with nature must be at the center of transactions, and communities must be treated as equal partners, with their own conservation and development aspirations similarly valued alongside important interventions to conserve species. Emmerson Mnangagwa, President of Zimbabwe, will launch the African Wildlife Economy Initiative.   12 Ministerial delegations from Angola, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Gambia, Zambia, Chad and South Sudan are due to attend, as well as private sector...

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“Young African Scientists are engaging to make Africa Disaster Resilient Ready!” MARYANNE MURIUKI
Juin03

“Young African Scientists are engaging to make Africa Disaster Resilient Ready!” MARYANNE MURIUKI

“Young African Scientists are engaging to make Africa Disaster Resilient Ready! “ MARYANNE MURIUKI   Last may,  15 young scientists from Tunisia, Morocco, South Africa, Central African Republic, Madagascar, Kenya, Tanzania, Cameroun, Congo, Uganda, Burundi, Ghana, Nigeria, Ivory Coast,   and South Sudan have been selected by the African Union to be part of the African Youth Advisory board in Nairobi with the aim to  facilitate the implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 which is  a 15-year, voluntary, non-binding agreement which recognizes that the State has the primary role to reduce disaster risk. Maryanne  Muriuki, a 28 years old young woman from Nyandarua County in the Central Province in  Kenya was among these 15 young scientists. She was recently interviewed by Era Environnement.   ERA ENVIRONNEMENT:  How were these 15 young scientists of the African Youth Advisory board selected? MARYANNE MURIUKI:  The board comprises of 15 young people between 18 and 35 years. We all come from various disciplines, but all our efforts are towards Disaster Risk Reduction. We also represent various disciplines, including academia, the private sector, civil society, and government. We also represent all the regions of Africa, East, West, Southern, Northern and Central. We are a total of 7 women on the Board! All of us are passionate and are involved in the implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR 2015-2030), and closer home, are in alignment with the AU Programme of Action (PoA). ERA ENVIRONNEMENT: How this board will enhance the capacity building of African youth on their activities related to the prevention of natural disasters? MARYANNE MURIUKI: This is a good question. African Youth Advisory Board-Disaster Risk Reduction will organise capacity building workshops in collaboration with the African Union Commission (AUC), Regional Economic Communities (RECs) and other relevant institutions centred on the four  priorities of action Sendai Framework for African Union Youth and Young Politicians. We will also leverage on electronic and non-electronic platforms to share capacity building information on Disaster Risk Reduction. Already, we have engaged quite a number of African youth in Disaster Risk Reduction through our social media platforms. African Youth Advisory Board-Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) will also facilitate intergenerational capacity building in Disaster Risk Reduction between youth practitioners and experienced Disaster Risk Reduction practitioners at different levels of engagement. Finally, the Board will create avenues for the interaction of youth and youth organisations in DRR with related disciplines such as Climate Change, Urbanisation and Sustainable Development for cross discipline building of capacities. ERA ENVIRONNEMENT:  What was the outcome of the meeting in Nairobi ? MARYANNE MURIUKI:  We have set targets for the coming six months, basing on the four priorities for Action: Understanding disaster risk, Strengthening disaster risk governance to manage disaster risk,...

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UNFCCC: In Preparation for COP 25
Juin02

UNFCCC: In Preparation for COP 25

UNFCCC: In Preparation for COP 25   By ERA ENVIRONNEMENT with UNFCCC The 50th session of the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA 50) and the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI 50) will be held in Bonn,  Germany, from 17-27 June 2019, in preparation for COP 25. The Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice is one of two permanent subsidiary bodies to the Convention established by the Conference of the Parties /Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris.  It supports the work of these bodies through the provision of timely information and advice on scientific and technological matters as they relate to the UNFCC, its Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreeement. Vulnerability and Adaptation among the discussion This year, the technical  discussion will be about vulnerability, and adaptation to climate change, science and review with research and observation of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) special Report on Global Warming of 1.5 °C. Also up for discussion are methodological issues under the Convention, including a training programme for review experts for the technical review of greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories of Annex I Parties* to the Convention (developed countries). Under methodological issues under the Kyoto Protocol, SBSTA 50 will address: land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF); and implications of including reforestation of lands with forest in exhaustion as afforestation and reforestation clean development mechanism (CDM) project activities. Keys to achieve NDCs Regarding methodological issues under the Paris Agreement, SBSTA 50 has on its agenda issues related to, inter alia, reporting of information: on anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks of GHGs; to track progress made in implementing and achieving Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs); and on financial, technology development and transfer and capacity-building support. On matters relating to Article 6 (cooperative approaches) of the Paris Agreement, the SBSTA will address: guidance on cooperative approaches; rules, modalities and procedures for the mechanism established by Article 6; and the work programme under the framework for non-market approaches. The SBSTA will also discuss market and non-market mechanisms under the Convention, including a framework for various approaches, non-market-based approaches, and a new market-based mechanism. SBI 50 will include: a multilateral assessment working group session under the international assessment and review (IAR) process; and a facilitative sharing of views under the international consultation and analysis (ICA) process. How the SBI will work? The SBI will address issues related to reporting from and review of Annex I Parties, including, inter alia: status of submission and review of seventh national communications and third BRs; compilations and syntheses of second and third BRs; the report on national GHG inventory...

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