“Young African Scientists are engaging to make Africa Disaster Resilient Ready!” MARYANNE MURIUKI
Juin03

“Young African Scientists are engaging to make Africa Disaster Resilient Ready!” MARYANNE MURIUKI

“Young African Scientists are engaging to make Africa Disaster Resilient Ready! “ MARYANNE MURIUKI   Last may,  15 young scientists from Tunisia, Morocco, South Africa, Central African Republic, Madagascar, Kenya, Tanzania, Cameroun, Congo, Uganda, Burundi, Ghana, Nigeria, Ivory Coast,   and South Sudan have been selected by the African Union to be part of the African Youth Advisory board in Nairobi with the aim to  facilitate the implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 which is  a 15-year, voluntary, non-binding agreement which recognizes that the State has the primary role to reduce disaster risk. Maryanne  Muriuki, a 28 years old young woman from Nyandarua County in the Central Province in  Kenya was among these 15 young scientists. She was recently interviewed by Era Environnement.   ERA ENVIRONNEMENT:  How were these 15 young scientists of the African Youth Advisory board selected? MARYANNE MURIUKI:  The board comprises of 15 young people between 18 and 35 years. We all come from various disciplines, but all our efforts are towards Disaster Risk Reduction. We also represent various disciplines, including academia, the private sector, civil society, and government. We also represent all the regions of Africa, East, West, Southern, Northern and Central. We are a total of 7 women on the Board! All of us are passionate and are involved in the implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR 2015-2030), and closer home, are in alignment with the AU Programme of Action (PoA). ERA ENVIRONNEMENT: How this board will enhance the capacity building of African youth on their activities related to the prevention of natural disasters? MARYANNE MURIUKI: This is a good question. African Youth Advisory Board-Disaster Risk Reduction will organise capacity building workshops in collaboration with the African Union Commission (AUC), Regional Economic Communities (RECs) and other relevant institutions centred on the four  priorities of action Sendai Framework for African Union Youth and Young Politicians. We will also leverage on electronic and non-electronic platforms to share capacity building information on Disaster Risk Reduction. Already, we have engaged quite a number of African youth in Disaster Risk Reduction through our social media platforms. African Youth Advisory Board-Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) will also facilitate intergenerational capacity building in Disaster Risk Reduction between youth practitioners and experienced Disaster Risk Reduction practitioners at different levels of engagement. Finally, the Board will create avenues for the interaction of youth and youth organisations in DRR with related disciplines such as Climate Change, Urbanisation and Sustainable Development for cross discipline building of capacities. ERA ENVIRONNEMENT:  What was the outcome of the meeting in Nairobi ? MARYANNE MURIUKI:  We have set targets for the coming six months, basing on the four priorities for Action: Understanding disaster risk, Strengthening disaster risk governance to manage disaster risk,...

Read More
UNFCCC: In Preparation for COP 25
Juin02

UNFCCC: In Preparation for COP 25

UNFCCC: In Preparation for COP 25   By ERA ENVIRONNEMENT with UNFCCC The 50th session of the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA 50) and the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI 50) will be held in Bonn,  Germany, from 17-27 June 2019, in preparation for COP 25. The Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice is one of two permanent subsidiary bodies to the Convention established by the Conference of the Parties /Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris.  It supports the work of these bodies through the provision of timely information and advice on scientific and technological matters as they relate to the UNFCC, its Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreeement. Vulnerability and Adaptation among the discussion This year, the technical  discussion will be about vulnerability, and adaptation to climate change, science and review with research and observation of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) special Report on Global Warming of 1.5 °C. Also up for discussion are methodological issues under the Convention, including a training programme for review experts for the technical review of greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories of Annex I Parties* to the Convention (developed countries). Under methodological issues under the Kyoto Protocol, SBSTA 50 will address: land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF); and implications of including reforestation of lands with forest in exhaustion as afforestation and reforestation clean development mechanism (CDM) project activities. Keys to achieve NDCs Regarding methodological issues under the Paris Agreement, SBSTA 50 has on its agenda issues related to, inter alia, reporting of information: on anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks of GHGs; to track progress made in implementing and achieving Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs); and on financial, technology development and transfer and capacity-building support. On matters relating to Article 6 (cooperative approaches) of the Paris Agreement, the SBSTA will address: guidance on cooperative approaches; rules, modalities and procedures for the mechanism established by Article 6; and the work programme under the framework for non-market approaches. The SBSTA will also discuss market and non-market mechanisms under the Convention, including a framework for various approaches, non-market-based approaches, and a new market-based mechanism. SBI 50 will include: a multilateral assessment working group session under the international assessment and review (IAR) process; and a facilitative sharing of views under the international consultation and analysis (ICA) process. How the SBI will work? The SBI will address issues related to reporting from and review of Annex I Parties, including, inter alia: status of submission and review of seventh national communications and third BRs; compilations and syntheses of second and third BRs; the report on national GHG inventory...

Read More
Changements Climatiques: Le Japon et l’Autriche soutiennent  le secteur privé en Afrique
Juin02

Changements Climatiques: Le Japon et l’Autriche soutiennent le secteur privé en Afrique

Changements Climatiques: le Japon et l’Autriche soutiennent le secteur privé en Afrique Par Era Environnement   Le Japon et le l’Autriche ont approuvé un million de dollars  pour renforcer la participation du secteur privé dans la lutte contre les changements climatiques en Afrique. Ce financement passera par le service du don de l’Assistance au Secteur privé en Afrique ( Fund For African Private Sector Assistance en anglais). Son objectif: étendre le rôle du secteur privé dans les contributions nationales déterminées des pays africains. Parties intégrantes de l’Accord de Paris, les contributions nationales sont des efforts nationaux des pays signataires de l’accord de Paris pour réduire les émissions de gaz à effet de serre. Aider à la mise en oeuvre des contributions nationales Le département des Changements Climatiques et de la Croissance Verte de la Banque Africaine de Développement mettra en oeuvre ce projet. De fait, le secteur privé africain pourra améliorer  des mesures d’intégration sur les changements climatiques dans les décisions d’investissements dans six pays : l’Egypte, l’Angola, le Mozambique, le Maroc, le Nigeria et l’Afrique du Sud. Ambitions: contribuer à la croissance économique verte et inclusive dans ces pays. Autres ambitions: renforcer les capacités des développeurs de projets et les parrainer en les aidant à augmenter les investissements verts dans le cadre des contributions nationales.  Le projet abordera les contraintes financières pour accéder au financement climat, y compris le manque de connaissance de l’entreprise et l’insuffisance de capacité à préparer des projets bancables.  En quoi consiste le FAPA ? Le FAPA est un appui financier  de partenaires de  la Banque Africaine de Développement. Il  fournit des dons permettant une assistance technique en  Afrique. Le gouvernement du Japon et de l’Autriche  contribuent activement dans le financement de ce fonds. A ce jour, environ 79 projets  dans 38 pays d’Afrique ont été financés  à travers ce fonds. Le FAPA vise à la fois des projets nationaux et régionaux, qui améliorent l’environnement des affaires, renforcent les systèmes financiers, construisent les infrastructures, promeuvent le commerce extérieur, et développent les petites et moyennes entreprises....

Read More
Botswana responds to improving food insecurity caused by poor rains
Mai30

Botswana responds to improving food insecurity caused by poor rains

Botswana responds to improving food insecurity caused by poor rains Meekaeel Siphambili Gaborone, Botswana- May, 30 2019     The Botswana Ministry of Agricultural Development and Food Security is responding to food insecurity caused by poor rains and the devastating fall armyworm which has attacked some of the country’s regions last april. The government aided by the United Nations Food and Agricultural Organisation and the Japanese government has launched an emergency response to improving food and nutrition insecurity caused by climate change and promoting sound pest and pesticide management. The Japanese government awarded the Botswana government a grant of 500 thousand US Dollars to strengthen the country’s agricultural sector through awareness, surveillance and early warning, impact assessment and sustainable management and coordination. Helping food security The pest and pesticide management launch follows the recent regional level launching which was on 19 February 2019 in Victoria Falls in Zimbabwe. The launch came after the fall army worm was identified in 2017 in the Kweneng district, 70 to 80 kilometers west of the capital city of Gaborone. According to the country’s agricultural ministry, the fall armyworm has now spread to other districts. Patrick Ralotsia, Minister of Agricultural Development and Food Security says the agricultural sector in Botswana has been hard hit by this pest which is destructive to maize and sorghum. “The fall armyworm has greatly affected the livelihoods of farmers in Botswana resulting in low yield and financial losses. If not urgently controlled, the fall armyworm will detrimentally affect crop production resulting in the country being food insecure. The food insecurity will contribute to the food bill increasing significantly,” says Patrick Ralotsia. He said the outbreaks of pests like the fall armyworm represent a major obstacle to increased cereal production, food and nutrition security in Botswana and it is a challenge that has to be urgently addressed to improve agricultural production. Food security, nutrition security, employment opportunities,   economic development, trade and increased resilience to shocks and challenges are alleged to be what Botswana is increasing facing according to the minister. Understanding the disease in agriculture “The fall armyworm is new in Botswana and one of the key challenges farmers face is the lack of awareness and information. Effective dissemination of information of information on this pest is of paramount importance. Commercial chemical pesticides alone pose health risks to build up of pesticides resistance and higher economic losses,” says Minister of Agricultural Development and Food Security. Patrick Ralotsia says misinformed usage of chemical pesticides could result in the killing of potential indigenous natural enemies of the fall armyworm and other pests. The damages caused by fall armyworm and the use of pesticides...

Read More
Comorians Coastal areas, after Cyclone Kenneth
Mai10

Comorians Coastal areas, after Cyclone Kenneth

Comorian Coastal areas, after Cyclone Kenneth   In Comoros, 7 people died  and  19,300 people were displaced because of   the tropical Cyclone Kenneth happened  from Wednesday  24th to Thusday 25 th of April. Most of the agriculture and coastal areas  were affected by the strongest tropical cyclone of the archipelago’s history.  The risk of water-borne diseases has increased in Comoros countries due to damage to water and sanitation infrastructure, acccording to United Nations Office for the Coordination for Human Affairs (OCHA). Six health facilities were reportedly impacted, including the El-Maarouf National Hospital Centre, two regional hospitals in Foumbouni and Mitsamiouli ( Grande Comore, ), two health posts in Mkazi and Tsinimoichongo ( Grande Comore)as well as a health centre in Nioumachoua  ( Moheli) , according to a rapid assessment conducted on 26 April and confirmed by World Health Organization. Known as one of the best  places to visit in Comoros, Mitsamiouli has seen  part of its infrastructures, trees, and homes destroyed  by the cyclone. Report by Houmi Ahamed -Mikidache     Mitsmiamiouli, northern Comoros Saturday April 27, Roukia, 28 years old, is sitting in the public bus,  the “taxi brousse”  in Gare du Nord in Moroni ( the capital of Comoros). Gare du Nord is the place where she used to take the bus after working many hours as a laboratory technician in hospital El Maarouf, the national hospital of Comoros. For the first time since the Cyclone came to Comoros, she can go to her mom’s place in Mitsamiouli. ” Everyone is safe, except the house, the roof disappeared,” she said.  The bus leaves Moroni. Roukia is looking around. It’s been three days since the Cyclone came to Comoros.  She could not come to her mom’s place before. “The roads were blocked by fallen trees, “she explained. She looks to the windows of the bus. ” This is first time I saw all these trees fallen in the street on my way to my mom’s place, ” she added. The bus passed through many localities which have been damaged by the storm. Finally, one hour later,  Roukia arrived in Mitsamiouli. Fishermen are sitting behind the sea. Mitsamiouli is one the towns in the north of Grande Comore which has been hardly demolished by the cyclone.    Listen to the interview of Shabaan Mohamed Mfwaraya in Comorian and French.       Comores The Fishermen in Mitsamiouli Fisherman Shabaane Mohamed Mfwaraya is  standing behind the sea with others fishermen, in the center of Mitsamiouli, in the north of  Grande Comore.   This  experienced fisherman said people in his town did not believe the cyclone will come. ” We were informed earlier by the Civil Security...

Read More
News in brief
Mai09

News in brief

News in brief By Era Environnement A workshop on Fall Armyworm to be held in Zimbabwe The International Institute of Tropical Agriculture and the Department of Research and Specialist Services, Ministry of Lands, Agriculture, Water, Climate and Rural Resettlement, are jointly organising a fall armyworm (FAW )Compact Country Inception Workshop on 20-22 May 2019 in Harare, Zimbabwe. Key participants to the workshop will include national partners involved in agricultural research and extension, the academia, agro-input suppliers (agrochemical and seed industry), CGIAR centers, FAO, CABI, development partners, NGOs, and farmer associations.  According to the organizers, the overall objective of this workshop will be to formulate a comprehensive and sustainable country FAW response strategy taking into account experiences from end of 2016 to date as well as parallel initiatives by FAO, CABI, CIMMYT, USAID and other partners. The fall armyworm (FAW) Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith) is unarguably one of the most damaging insect pests to be introduced to Africa in the 21st century. Its spread throughout sub-Saharan Africa has been very rapid owing to the ideal climate, lack of a resting stage, wide host range and varying host plant phenologies. IEAA to brief on Sterile Insect Technique in Senegal On May 9th, the International Atomic Energy Agency ( IAEA) will be briefing  on the success of the Sterile Insect Technique in increasing agricultural productivity and boosting income in Senegal. The United States is the exclusive funder of a nearly $5 million IAEA Peaceful Uses Initiative (PUI) project, “Contributing to Agricultural Development in West Africa through the Control of Tsetse Flies and Trypanosomosis,” having contributed $4,993,367 to this project since its inception in 2010. The project aims to eradicate the tsetse population (Glossina palpalis gambiensis) from the Niayes region, northeast of Dakar using the IAEA’s Sterile Insect Technique (SIT).  The tsetse fly population is now approaching confirmed eradication and the project has had significant positive socioeconomic benefits on farmers in the region. High Level Workshop: 16-18 May 2019-Pretoria, South Africa A High Level workshop organized by the International Seabed Authority ( ISA) and the Government of the Republic of South will be held on 16-May 2019  . Held over three days, this workshop aims to foster international and regional cooperation to promote the sustainable development of Africa’s deep seabed resources in support of Africa’s Blue Economy. The workshop will bring together key stakeholders including official representatives of Angola, Botswana, Eswatini, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, South Africa and Zambia; as well as African experts on the law of the sea and mining...

Read More