Afrique Climat- GLF Nairobi 2018 : les solutions  en Afrique
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Afrique Climat- GLF Nairobi 2018 : les solutions en Afrique

  Afrique Climat- GLF Nairobi 2018 : les solutions  en Afrique   Du 29 au 30 août, le Bureau des Nations Unies, en partenariat avec  la Banque Mondiale, et les ministères allemands de l’environnement et de la coopération et du développement, organiseront au Kenya un événement  sur les perspectives et opportunités de la restauration des paysages en Afrique. Explications. Par Houmi Ahamed   L’Afrique face aux Changements climatiques Du 29  au 30 août 2018 , le forum mondial sur les paysages ( GLF) accueillera à Nairobi (Kenya) une conférence régionale intitulée «  Restauration des paysages en Afrique : perspectives et opportunités ». Cette conférence est organisée par le Bureau des Nations Unies à Nairobi, la Banque Mondiale et les ministères allemands de l’environnement de la coopération et le développement. D’après  l’Organisation des Nations Unies pour l’Alimentation et l’Agriculture (FAO) et le Programme des Nations Unies pour l’Environnement , l’Afrique perd environ 2,8 millions d’hectares de forêts chaque année, près de 50 millions d’hectares de terres sont affectés par la dégradation. Les causes : les changements climatiques. L’Afrique, regroupant 38 Pays les Moins Avancés dont six Petits Etats Insulaires en Développement,  est constamment victime de la hausse des températures, de l’élévation du  niveau de la mer, et de l’irrégularité des précipitations. De fait, les agriculteurs doivent s’adapter dans l’urgence. Ils doivent tenir compte de la nouvelle pression sur l’eau et de la baisse de la productivité agricole pour gérer leurs cultures et leurs bétails. Mais, ces dernières années, des communautés locales de Madagascar, du Rwanda, du Sénégal, de l’Ouganda, du Malawi, de l’Ethiopie et du Niger ont réussi à restaurer plus de cinq millions d’hectares de paysages dégradés. D’après les Nations Unies, ces communautés locales en Afrique apportent des solutions innovantes dans la restauration des paysages sur le continent avec d’importantes retombées dans les secteurs, de la finance, de la technologie, de l’agriculture, de la santé et de l’éducation. LE GLF NAIROBI 2018 Le forum mondial sur les paysages (GLF) est une plateforme mondiale scientifique sur l’utilisation durable des terres. Ce forum organisé régulièrement  dans le monde est une plateforme de recherche scientifique qui met en avant les communautés locales. Elle  affirme  ne pas représenter uniquement un gouvernement, une organisation, une religion ou une idéologie, mais  représente des peuples autochtones, des agriculteurs du monde du Cameroun au Népal, et a permis l’inter-connexion entre 3000 organisations et plus de 25 000 personnes dans le monde à travers plusieurs initiatives variées. La conférence à Nairobi sera marquée par plusieurs ateliers et  sera, d’après les organisateurs,  l’opportunité  pour la jeunesse africaine expérimentée de partager ses expériences et d’obtenir un prix dans le cadre d’un concours. D’autres experts africains et...

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L’ Afrique, leader de la lutte contre les changements climatiques, pourrait-elle influencer les Etats-Unis?
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L’ Afrique, leader de la lutte contre les changements climatiques, pourrait-elle influencer les Etats-Unis?

L’ Afrique, leader de la lutte contre les changements climatiques, pourrait influencer les Etats-Unis EDITORIAL Par Houmi AHAMED Alors que nous avons récemment remarqué que l’Amérique investit en Afrique dans le domaine environnemental, paradoxalement le pays du Président Donald Trump continue à nier l’existence des changements climatiques. Pourtant, les faits sont là : élévation de la mer, déplacement des populations, sécheresse et chaleur intenses sont fréquentes actuellement aux Etats-Unis, notamment en Californie, avec des pics de chaleurs évalués à 48, 9° Celsius  à Chino près de Los Angeles le 7 juillet dernier, d’après la météo nationale américaine. L’Amérique de Donald Trump vit la Canicule et ses conséquences  comme dans de nombreux pays  en ce moment, et pourtant le gouvernement américain a toujours  l’intention de se retirer   de l’Accord de Paris. Era Environnement, ce mois-ci, vous donnera des explications sur les différentes stratégies des pays d’Afrique pour mettre le climat, l’économie verte et bleue au centre des préoccupations  géostratégiques. Cela pourrait-il impulser sur la décision finale des Etats-Unis dans quelques années ?  A Suivre....

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America promotes Environmental investments in Africa
Juil22

America promotes Environmental investments in Africa

 America promotes Environmental investments in Africa By Houmi Ahamed-Mikidache Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC) President and Chief Executive Officer Ray W. Washburne visited South Africa this week where he met with local banks to discuss investment opportunities to advance development in the country and highlight OPIC-supported projects. It’s the third stop on a six country trip to promote U.S. investment in the region, strengthen partnerships, and find opportunities to work with regional allies on projects that drive economic growth and stability throughout the region. Infrasalience is creating green jobs Among the projects Washburne visited was OPIC-supported SA Taxi which provides loans to entrepreneurs operating minibuses in South Africa. The minibuses are a key part of the South African transportation sector where approximately 67 percent of all travel in South Africa is on a minibus. Each vehicle is a small business which supports the operators, their families and their communities. Washburne met with a number of innovative American businesses and investors including Infrasalience, a company established by American entrepreneurs. The company has developed mobile green chemical plants which profitably transforms air pollution and waste water into sustainable green chemicals. By establishing a process to recycle and reuse industrial and infrastructure waste while simultaneously creating jobs, the company is helping to bring American ingenuity and business values to emerging markets. Exploring investment opportunities in Africa Washburne is traveling to Africa to explore investment opportunities and to highlight OPIC’s new Connect Africa initiative to invest more than $1 billion in transportation, technology and value chains on the continent. Earlier this month, Washburne earlier traveled to Zambia and Rwanda where he visited American coffee processing facilities and met with heads of state. His travel on the continent will continue to Botswana, Uganda, and Kenya where he will meet with senior government officials and visit OPIC supported projects. Africa is a longstanding priority for OPIC and accounts for about one-quarter of the agency’s $23 billion global portfolio. As part of his National Security Strategy, President Trump highlighted the need for a modernized approach by the U.S. government to development finance to help grow aspiring partners, promote economic relationships, and increase investment in regions important to American interests....

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New green technology to help Kenya ‘s flowers
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New green technology to help Kenya ‘s flowers

    New green technology to help Kenya ‘s flowers   By Houmi Ahamed-Mikidache It is well known Kenya’s roses, carnations and summer flowers, in particular, are renowned for being long-lasting.  Indeed, one terminal at Nairobi airport is dedicated specially to the transport of flowers and vegetables.  Therefore, perishable floral cargo can go from grower to consumer in record time.  Kenya is the third largest exporter of cut flowers in the world and is the undisputed East African floriculture champion. Flower exports have become Kenya’s third major export (after tea and tourism) bringing more than $100m in to the Kenyan economy each year. But nowadays flowers exports is under constant threat of damage by pest and disease due to climate change. ADAS Horticulture, part of UK based RSK Group, has pioneered new technology for reducing the impact of pest and pathogen attacks which cause significant crop and supply chain losses in Kenya. It will help Kenya become a leading exporter of fresh produce, according to the company. ADAS is indeed a trading name of RSK ADAS Ltd. RSK Group in the UK’s largest privately owned multi-diciplinary  environmental consultancy and one of the fastest growing companies of its kind in Europe. With operations in Europe, Africa, Middle East, its comprehensive, solutions-led consultancy services help organisations around the world conduct business in a compliant and environmentally-responsible manner.   Fighting the disease: UV technology The most problematic disease which causes crop and supply chain losses is Botrytis(commonly known as grey mould) but it is not the only problem.  Pests and pathogens are estimated to contribute up to 40% of cut rose yield losses worldwide. Standard chemical control techniques involving direct spray applications of pesticides are not always effective and their use is being constantly challenged by consumer and environmental impact concerns. To address the problem of pestilence and find a sustainable, environmentally friendly solution, ADAS has spent the last three years working  with industry and academic partners to develop new sustainable, non-contact, non-chemical technologies. The project was funded by Innovate UK. Explaining the innovative technology, Dr Barry Mulholland, Director, ADAS Horticulture, said, “We worked with a Kenyan business, which grows and exports roses back to the UK. To him, the technology comprises two strands: firstly, UV light to make crops more resistant to pest and pathogen attack and also improve product marketable quality; and secondly, UV light in post harvest environments to remove ethylene, which is known as the “silent killer” and is responsible for the accelerated ageing of fresh produce.” This is the first time ever that UV technology has been on a crop while it is growing. It has been noted by the company that the resistance goes through the supply chain. How does it work? “By removing ethylene, the ageing process is effectively suspended. By simply extending shelf life by...

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Investing in climate risk: the new strategy–Sovereign Wealth Funds
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Investing in climate risk: the new strategy–Sovereign Wealth Funds

  Investing in climate risk: the new strategy  -Sovereign Wealth Funds Six sovereign wealth funds which collectively represent more than USD 3 trillion in assets have committed to only invest in companies that factor climate risks into their strategies, thereby helping to achieve the climate goals of the Paris Agreement. By Houmi Ahamed-Mikidache Given the size, long term investment horizons of sovereign wealth funds (SWFs), and the financial risks posed to SWFs should warming exceed 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels, SWFs are in a unique position to both benefit from sustainable market outcomes and to accelerate the transition to a low carbon economy. The six funds are organized in the “One Planet Sovereign Wealth Fund Working Group,  established in December 2017 at the One Planet Summit in Paris, France. The working group consists of the Abu Dhabi Investment Authority, Kuwait Investment Authority, the New Zealand Superannuation Fund, Norges Bank Investment Management of Norway, the Public Investment Fund of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and the Qatar Investment Authority. In a joint statement from all 6 SWFs, they said that “By using the Framework, SWFs can reinforce their long-term value creation, improve their risk-return profile, and increase long-term portfolio resilience by factoring and integrating climate issues into their decision-making.” The framework The framework is based on three principals: alignment, ownership, and integration. Alignment of investment decisions with climate change conscientiousness includes the recommendation of public reporting on the alignment and the consideration that the financial risks from climate change may prevent SWFs from delivering the same returns in the future. The second principal of ownership encourages companies to take responsibility for climate change in their business strategy and planning, governance, and risk management. Companies are expected to understand the implications of their greenhouse gas emissions and take responsibility for reducing the emissions to levels agreed upon in the Paris Climate Agreement. SWFs are also encouraged in the framework to help companies understand the financial risks of climate change that the Paris Agreement seeks to address. Ownership also suggests that SWFs require companies to provide regular reporting of climate change related data according to the Greenhouse Gas Protocol and the Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures. The third and final principal is the full integration of climate change related risk and investment opportunities into the SWF investment strategy. Funds should be managed according to the expected transition to a low carbon economy and include a focus on investment in climate change adaptation and mitigation to reduce investment risks. Climate change risk should also be considered in new investment decisions.  An investment that would increase greenhouse gas emissions and thus climate change will lead to greater risk in the...

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