Tanzania –Natural Resources: “ Communities  must know their rights and obligations”- Report
Avr11

Tanzania –Natural Resources: “ Communities  must know their rights and obligations”- Report

Tanzania –Natural Resources: “ Communities  must know their rights and obligations”- Report   In a recent workshop held in Dar es Salaam ( Tanzania), experts discussed the recent publication  of the FAO Voluntary Guidelines on Responsible Governance Tenure. Feature.   By Deodatus Mfugale in Dar Es Salaam “Inadequate and insecure tenure rights increase vulnerability, hunger and poverty and can lead to conflict and environmental degradation when competing users fight for the control of the resources,”  an  UN Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), published recently.   The eradication of hunger and poverty, and the sustainable use of the environment, depend to a great extent on how communities gain access to land, fisheries and forests which in turn is regulated by the exiting tenure systems. Tenure systems define and regulate how communities gain access to natural resources, whether through formal law or informal arrangements.   However tenure systems increasingly face stress as the world’s growing population requires food security, and as environmental degradation and climate change reduces the availability of land, fisheries and forests. This has sparked stiff competition for resources among the various users with marginalized communities getting a raw deal. Many developing countries are endowed with abundant natural resources that could be used to improve the lives of their people and boost the economy of the respective countries. Countries with natural resources like forests, land, fisheries and wildlife could be treading with firm steps on the path to sustainable development but are struggling to feed their people most of whom live in abject poverty. Governance failure in ensuring secure tenure and access to natural resources has denied Tanzanian rural communities from benefitting from existing sources of livelihoods. They have thus failed to attain food security and reduce poverty at family level. How to understand the management of natural resources?  In a recent workshop held in Dar es Salaam to discuss the report, Dr Zacharia Ngeleja of Ardhi University said that the Guidelines contribute to achieving sustainable livelihoods, social stability, housing security, rural development, environmental protection and sustainable social and economic development. While the Voluntary Guidelines merely present principles and internationally accepted standards for practices for the responsible governance of tenure, countries can develop their own strategies and other conditions that may ease the application of the Guidelines. During the workshop participants underscored the need to educate communities on laws, policies, rules and procedures governing tenure of land, forests and fisheries so that they understand their rights and obligations. “If they understand the issues then they can demand for tangible benefits from their responsibility to conserve natural resources and only then can Responsible Governance of Tenure come into play. It...

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Era Environnement: Le retour/ The Comeback
Mar21

Era Environnement: Le retour/ The Comeback

Depuis, quelques mois, vous ne nous lisez plus. Mais, ne vous inquiétez pas, Era Environnement est pleine restructuration. Vous aurez prochainement le loisir de lire tous nos articles.   A bientôt Houmi Ahamed-Mikidache Rédactrice en chef For the past few months, you did not have news from Era Environnement. We are undergoing a restructuring. But, do not worry, we will soon get back to you. See you soon. Houmi Ahamed-Mikidache Editor in...

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UNFCCC: A new gate for the Talanoa Dialogue
Jan27

UNFCCC: A new gate for the Talanoa Dialogue

UNFCCC: A new gate for the Talanoa Dialogue The UN Climate Change secretariat launched yesterday a new portal to support the Talanoa Diaologue, an important international conversation in which countries will check progress and seek to increase global ambition to meet the goals of the Paris Climate Change Agreement. By Houmi Ahamed-Mikidache   How will it work? Through the portal, all countries and other stakeholders, including business, investors, cities, regions and civil society, are invited to make submissions into the Talanoa Dialogue around three central questions: Where are we? Where do we want to go? How do we get there? Countries and non-Party stakeholders will be contributing ideas, recommendations and information that can assist the world in taking climate action to the next level in order to meet the objectives of the Paris Agreement and support the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The Talanoa Dialogue The Dialogue was launched at the UN Climate Change Conference COP23 in Bonn in November 2017 and will run throughout 2018. The Paris Agreement’s central goal is keep the global average temperature rise to below 2C degrees and as close as possible to 1.5C. Current global ambition to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and to prepare societies to resist increasing climate change is not enough to achieve this under the current national climate action plans known as Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). “The portal is the gateway for the Talanoa Dialogue. It represents the central point for everyone to make their views heard around enhanced ambition. Additionally, it will make available other key resources for the dialogue,” said Patricia Espinosa, Executive Secretary of UN Climate Change. “I very much welcome the portal because it provides transparency and broadens participation in the dialogue. I look forward to many governments and other actors making their submissions via the portal as part of world-wide efforts required for the next level of climate action and ambition”, she said. The Pacific island concept of ‘Talanoa’ was introduced by Fiji, which held the Presidency of the COP23 UN Climate Change Conference. It aims at an inclusive, participatory and transparent dialogue. The purpose of the concept is to share stories, build empathy and to make wise decisions for the collective good. The Talanoa method purposely avoids blame and criticism to create a safe space for the exchange of ideas and collective decision-making. The Talanoa Dialogue will be constructive, facilitative and oriented towards providing solutions and will see both technical and political exchanges....

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Climate Finance: the key to develop the South
Déc31

Climate Finance: the key to develop the South

Climate Finance: the key to develop the South As we approach the year 2018, our thanks go to our readers who follow us for about two years. This adventure is not so easy but we overcome challenges everyday. Thank you for your unwavering support. From today to the end of January, Era Environnement will publish original and insightful  stories on countries such as Niger, Nigeria, Liberia, South Africa, Comoros, Democratic Republic of Congo, Republic of Congo, Senegal and many more. Era Environnement will focus on the COP 23, the One Planet Summit, and especially on the climate finance. Even if there is no definition of the climate finance, which is important for the development of the southern hemisphere. But something seems to change:   a balance is possible between the Northern hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere. The more climate finance includes the sustainable investment, the more  developed countries express interest in encouraging the access to climate finance to countries from the South. Therefore, climate action is the key. The major pillar is renewable energy and the mechanism to help reduce the greenhouse gas emission. Example: the carbon pricing. Ethiopia and Nigeria, two countries from Africa are using this mechanism as a strategy to develop renewable energy in their countries. For many experts,  2018 will be a productive year for the entire continent where all the 54 african countries  will have to reinforce the implementation of their sustainable development program. 2018 will be a year where the african population might also see adaptation to climate change as a key for sustainable development and a key for investors, as we might see for the first time, adaptation associated with profit and sustainable investment. Era Environnement will follow for you these topics. Best wishes 2018. Houmi Ahamed-Mikidache Founder and Editor in chief of  www.eraenvironnement.com  ...

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One Planet Summit : South Africa willing to lead the climate finance mobilization with youth
Déc16

One Planet Summit : South Africa willing to lead the climate finance mobilization with youth

One Planet Summit : South Africa willing to lead the climate finance mobilization with youth   On the Sideline of the One Planet Summit which aimed to mobilize all kind of actors who want to follow the Paris Agreement, beside the willing of the United States of America to withdraw from the Paris Accord, , Phakamile Mainganya, chief Risk Officer of the Industrial Development Corporation, gave his view on the integration of the youth in the private sector related to the adaptation to climate change.   Established in 1940 and owned by the government of South Africa, Industrial Development Corporation is a national development finance institution aims to promote economic growth and industrial development. It aims to be the primary source of commercially sustainable industrial development and innovation to benefit both South Africa and the rest of Africa. IDC promote also entrepreneurship.   Who is Phakamile Mainganya? Phakhamile Mainganya is the Chief Risk officer at the Industrial Development Corporation. His responsabilities include helping to define set and manage the risk universe and profile of the corporation. He has extensive experience in the area of credit risk, risk assurance, and executive leadership particularly in the financial services environment.   Houmi Ahamed-Mikidach interviewed him....

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