COP 23 : Angola is combating Coal with 19 nations
Nov18

COP 23 : Angola is combating Coal with 19 nations

COP 23 : Angola is combating Coal with 19 nations Following the High level Segment, held this Wednesday, Angola shows its interest to combat coal with an Alliance of 19 nations.  Demonstration. By Houmi Ahamed-Mikidache   On  Thursday, Angola with other Nations such as the UK, Canada, Costa Rica, France, Belgium,  France, Italy, Marshall Islands, Portugal, el Salvador, US and Canadian states  (Washington, Alberta…). pledged to commit to moving the world from burning coal to cleaner power sources, through the Powering Past Coal Alliance plans. The ambition of this Alliance is to lead the rest of the world in committing to an end to use coal poser. They are going to take action such as setting coal phase out targets, committing to not further investments in coal-fired electricity in their jurisdictions or abroad. The minister of Environment Paula Francisco, head of the delegation of Angola has explained, on Wednesday during the high level segment  at UN Climate Conference in Bonn, how the Angola is engaged in the process of adopting a National Climate Action Plan from 2018 to 2030. Its ambitions: contributing to poverty eradication with a low carbon development strategy. Angola said its willing to implement the Paris Agreement collectively. “ As we progress toward 2020, it is imperative that we take stock of the actions we have collectively taken in accordance with the decisions and commitments made, ” she said during the high level Segment at the UN Climate Change Conference. Mrs Francisco  raised concerns on the large gap between the levels of ambition needed to reach the long term temperature goal of limiting temperature rise to 1,5°Celsius above pre industrial levels and said that the action should be taken collectively and not individually. “While we are encouraged by the fact that 170 Parties have ratified the Paris Agreement, ratification alone will not bridge the gap. Further gaps exist in the level of financial flows and access to technology to developing countries, as our ability to act is limited by access to adequate means of implementation,” she emphasized.    ...

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Sustainable Development: Women in Tanzania are fighting for equal rights
Sep23

Sustainable Development: Women in Tanzania are fighting for equal rights

Sustainable Development: Women in Tanzania  are fighting for equal rights By Deodatus Mfugale     In  Asha Kadgo, a Land Tights Monitor in Uhambingeto Village in Kilolo District of Iringa Region in Tanzania’s Southern Highlands. Land Rights Monitors help to resolve land-based conflicts in their communities, provide paralegal guidance and raise awareness on landrights in their communities.          ...

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Tabi Joda-Column: ” It is  time to reverse the trends!”
Juil30

Tabi Joda-Column: ” It is time to reverse the trends!”

Tabi Joda-Column: ” It is  time to reverse the trends!” In Nigeria, Ghana and Cameroon alone, 50 metric tons of plastic fragments food packages, straws and table water bottles and empty sachet water bags are drained into the Atlantic Ocean every day. But it is time to reverse the trends.  It is everyone’s responsibility not only governments to protect the planet.     Over the last ten years the amount of plastic bags produced and used worldwide surpass the amount produced and used during the whole of the 20th century. Regrettably, 50% of the plastic we use, we just use them once and throw away. If we can place in a heap the amount of plastic bags we throw away into the environment each year, it will stretch from earth to the moon and back twenty five times. Globally, more than one million plastic bags are used every minute and an average individual throws away approximately 185 kg of plastic waste per year. An average household dumps about 900kg of plastic waste in a year. Similarly, an approximate 500 billion plastic bags are used and 135 billion plastic water bottles are thrown away every year. Plastic waste accounts for around 10 percent of the total waste generated in households worldwide.   The disaster Risk!     Every piece of plastic in the ocean breaks down into segments such that pieces from a single liter of plastic bottle could end up on every beach throughout the world. Similarly, almost every farmland is partially covered by plastic. Apart from the harmful effects of plastic bags on animals, plants and aquatic life, the toxic chemical from plastic waste are harmful to the human body when absorbed. A study has shown that apart from Americans who have up to 93% of people tested positive for BPA (a plastic chemical), level of effect are even higher in other parts of the world especially Africa where recycling and waste management policies and orientations are low or even absent in most places. Other studies have shown that some of these compounds found in plastic have been known to alter human hormones or have other potential risk on human health.   Alongside the hazardous risks on human health, over one million sea birds and over 100,000 marine mammals are reportedly killed annually from toxins originating from plastic waste in our oceans. 44% of seabird species, 22% of cetaceans, 32% of sea turtle species and a growing list of fish species, crabs and prawns are killed by plastics or have their habitat altered by plastic in or around their bodies. Plastics also degrade soil quality leading to low crop productivity and consequently poverty,...

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COP 23-Column: Addressing Youth Radicalization and Extremism beyond Hunger and Unemployment
Juil04

COP 23-Column: Addressing Youth Radicalization and Extremism beyond Hunger and Unemployment

COP 23-Column: Addressing Youth Radicalization and Extremism beyond Hunger and Unemployment By Tabi Joda* The mantra One of the most turbulent distractions to mainstream global issues is perhaps, youth radicalization and extremism. The deleterious effects of climate change and natural disasters have increased unsustainable socioeconomic practices. Unfortunately, global and local actors seem to misunderstand the potential and actual motivations surrounding this emerging phenomenon. The mantra of hunger and unemployment is dominating local and international debates on the question. But there is apparently more to the question of radicalization and extremism, in relation to hunger and youths unemployment, than it reaches mainstream understanding.   There is global awe about a suddenly obvious proliferation of youth subscription into insurgent activities often propelled by extremist ideologies. That is a known fact. Vis-à-vis present demographic transitions, there is an ever rising trend of misguided population movements from rural peripheries into urban metropolis leading to alarmingly loud concentration of desperate youths in city centres especially in Africa. To that effect, it is ever more imperative to identify the vulnerabilities upon which youth radicalization and extremism lies. The complications get even worse when we try to answer the question why youths are increasingly being agents of destruction instead of being productive members of their communities.   Different narratives These trends have provoked several narratives from different development angels. But whether these narratives exist in cluster or not, the question at stake is as we feel the impacts of Boko haram insurgents in North East Nigeria and Far North of Cameroon, Alshabaab insurgents in almost all of Somalia including Kenya and beyond, and the Tuareg insurgent groups in Mali who are just about to completely retreat into the deserts, are these narratives based on old thinking or do they offer new thinking, new forms of measurement and research into the root causes of why youths are increasingly being radicalized and mobilized into extreme groups.   Much has been argued about tackling the unemployment crises that is keeping many youth idle and leaving them vulnerable as destructive agents rather than constructive ones. Other arguments have emerged about the question of alleviating youth poverty as a critical step to mitigating exposure of youths to radicalization through extremist groups. These assumptions are good, but it remains to be seen if the discussion will in fact lead to more research and a greater focus on evidence-based approaches tackling the root causes of the issues. “Development efforts have often been driven by assumptions and not evidence,” said Keith Proctor, a senior policy researcher at Mercy Corps. In a summit held a few years ago at the White House about countering violent extremism, the...

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Benin- African Carbon Forum: African countries must work closer together
Juin30

Benin- African Carbon Forum: African countries must work closer together

Benin- African Carbon Forum: African countries must work closer together Cotonou-Benin- 30 June 2017 By Houmi Ahamed-Mikidache African countries must work closer together when implementing national climate action plans under the Paris Climate Change Agreement and mobilizing climate finance, whilst better integrating climate action into sustainable development planning, concluded ministers and key delegates who convened for the Africa Carbon Forum which ended today in Cotonou, Benin. Over 600 practitioners, experts and policy makers, including ministers from governments across Africa and other high level participants, met in Cotonou to take stock and align strategies on how financial resources should be mobilized to ensure sustainable development and emissions reduction on a continent-wide scale. “Africa is the continent most affected by climate change: two thirds of Africans make their living off the land, consequently, it is critical that the continent secures a climate-resilient economic and development path, said Abdoulaye Bio Tchane, Senior Minister in charge of Planning and Development of Benin, a western african country which host the Africa Carbon Forum. Foster economic growth With ambitious commitments already made by countries under the Paris Agreement, and with more commitments expected, African ministers and other leaders stressed the importance of building momentum that will enable the transformational shift towards low carbon and greater resilience to climate change. Patnerships are needed to develop and spur sustainable development, participants also highlighted. “Africa is one of the most important engines for growth worldwide in the coming years. African people are at the core of this growth. But the growth needs to be shaped on the basis of related climate and sustainable development criteria,” explained the Executive Secretary of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Patricia Espinosa. And she added: “Africa’s nationally determined contributions to the agreement are blueprints for attracting private sector investment and pushing forward. Implementation of the Paris Agreement is the foundation for stability, for security and prosperity as the population grows to 9 billion people or more by 2050.”With food, water, renewable energy, jobs, African can build sustainable, resilient communities, she emphasized. The non State Actors Delegates at this year’s Africa Carbon Forum confirmed that non-Party stakeholders, including private sector and cities, stand ready to enhance ambition on climate action and welcomed the event as a unique regional event, which facilitates knowledge and new partnerships which are key to allowing Africa to realize its potential and meet the ambitions goals set in the Paris agreement and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Delegates discussed crucial themes ranging from climate policy options to the future of the existing and widely use mechanisms that are suitable to the different domestic context and can be...

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