COP 23 : A half victory for developing countries
Nov18

COP 23 : A half victory for developing countries

COP 23 : A half victory for  developing countries   The Un Climate Change negotiations ended at nearly 7 o’clock this morning with a song from the Fijians.  Started two weeks ago, these negotiations make time to find any compromise between developed and developing countries. As usual. The story. By Houmi Ahamed-Mikidache   The implementation of the Paris Agreement have many issues: adaptation and mitigation through the NDCs, loss and damage,   adaptation,  adaptation fund, finance, transfer of technology, transparency, support and capacity building. All these elements have been taken separately through a facilitative dialogue launched during COP 21 in Paris and pursued in Marrakech during COP 22, then in Bonn with the Fiji presidency, and  the Talanoa Dialogue, a conversation between north and south representatives to achieve the long term pathway to 1,5°Celsius.   The Talanoa Dialogue “ We have been doing the job that we were given to do: advance the implementation guidelines of the Paris Agreement, and prepare for more ambitions actions for the Talanoa dialogue in 2018,” said the  Prime minister of Fiji and president of COP 23, Frank Bainimarama. For the Prime Minister of Fiji, there has been a positive momentum in various areas in COP 23 : the global community has embraced the Fiji  concept of grand coalition for greater ambition linking national governments, states and cities, civil society, the private sector and all women around the world. “ We have  launched a global partnership  to provide millions of climate vulnerable people an affordable access to insurance,” said the president of COP 23. For him, this COP has  put people first. It has connected the people who are not experts on climate change to the UN Climate  negotiations. According to him, it showed to the world that these people are facing climate change in their daily lives. What has been achieved? Saturday, 2.40 Am, the African negotiators left again the negotiations rooms and were happy:   “ We got it Adaptation Fund and Article 9.5,” said Ambassador Nafo from Mali and head of the African negotiators group. The decisions adopted says that there will be modalities for the accounting of financial resources provided and mobilized through public intervention in accordance to the article 9 of the Paris Agreement. The Article 9.5 of the Paris Agreement said the Developed country Parties shall biennially communicate indicative quantitative and qualitative information related to finance of both mitigation and adaptation. Back and Forth Last night was marked by Back and Forth from all the delegates. And it continued earlier in this morning.  At 3am, the Republic of Ecuador on behalf of the G77+ China group ( 134 countries) raised again...

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COP 23: “no time to waste”
Nov07

COP 23: “no time to waste”

 The 2017 UN Climate Change Conference opened on Monday, with the aim of launching nations towards the next level of ambition needed to tackle global warming and put the world on a safer and more prosperous development path, recalled the UNFCCC Secretariat at the opening ceremony. Explanations. By Houmi AHAMED-MIKIDACHE in Bonn   Two years after the adoption of the Paris Climate Change Agreement, this conference held in Bonn and presided by Fiji, the first small island developing state to have this role. “The human suffering caused by intensifying hurricanes, wildfires, droughts, floods and threats to food security caused by climate change means there is no time to waste,” said Mr Frank Bainimarama, the Prime Minister of Fiji and president of COP 23. Critical According to the World Meteorological Organization, 2017 will be one of the three hottest years on records with many high-impact events including catastrophic hurricanes and floods, debilating heatwaves and drought. “The past three years have all been in the top three years in terms of temperature records. This is part of a long term warming trend,” said WMO Secretary-General Petteri Taalas. And he added:  “We have witnessed extraordinary weather, including temperatures topping 50 degrees Celsius in Asia, record-breaking hurricanes in rapid succession in the Caribbean and Atlantic reaching as far as Ireland, devastating monsoon flooding affecting many millions of people and a relentless drought in East Africa. One of the consequences of climate change is food insecurity in developing countries especially. A review of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) found that, in developing countries, agriculture (crops, livestock, fisheries, aquaculture and forestry) accounted for 26% of all the damage and loss associated with medium to large-scale storms, floods and drought. For Patricia Espinosa, Executive Secretary of UN Climate Change, it is urgent to act. “The thermometer of risk is rising; the pulse of the planet is racing; people are hurting; the window of opportunity is closing and we must go Further and Faster Together to lift ambition and action to the next defining level, “she said. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), the global health impacts of heatwaves depend not only on the overall warming trend, but on how heatwaves are distributed across where people live. Recent research shows that the overall risk of heat-related illness or death has climbed steadily since 1980, with around 30% of the world’s population now living in climatic conditions that deliver prolonged extreme heatwaves. Between 2000 and 2016, the number of vulnerable people exposed to heatwave events has increased by approximately 125 million. The negotiations According to UNFCCC secretariat, COP23 negotiators are keen to move forward on other...

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COP 23: Un aperçu de la finance climatique- ICCG
Oct07

COP 23: Un aperçu de la finance climatique- ICCG

COP 23-Un aperçu de la finance climatique- ICCG   Plusieurs représentants de gouvernements et d’institutions financières ont été interviewés à l’occasion d’une réunion organisée par  le ICCG ,  l’initiative sur les politiques de changement climatique et de gouvernance, un institut basé en Italie.   Explications. Par Houmi Ahamed-Mikidache Comment atteindre les objectifs de l’accord de Paris ? Selon Barbara Buchner, la directrice exécutive de l’institut  Climate Policy Initiative, , il doit y avoir un développement massif rapide autant dans l’adaptation que dans la réduction des gaz à effet de serre, afin d’atteindre les objectifs de l’accord de Paris et atteindre les 2 voire 1,5  degrés recommandés par la science.   Si nous ne sommes pas en mesure  de mettre en application sérieusement le premier tour des contributions nationales, nous ne pourrons pas passer au second tour : nous devons ainsi sérieusement travailler ensemble avec le secteur privé, les gouvernements, c’est une importante mission de coordination, explique le Norbert Goriben, le responsable de Climate Finance International. Mais, mettre en application les contributions nationales n’est pas si évident, notamment en Afrique.  “Nous n’avons pas assez de données pour répondre aux exigences en matière d’établissement de rapports liés à l’accord de Paris et nous avons besoin de renforcement de capacités pour développer la collecte de données, les technologies, les ressources humaines et nous avons besoin de financement pour mettre en œuvre ces projets liés aux contributions nationales, indiquent Pacifica F. Achieng Ogola, Directrice du département Changement Climatique du Ministère de l’Environnement, des Ressources Naturelles et du Développement Régional du Kenya. Et de préciser :  ” Les modalités de mise en œuvre de certains éléments des contributions nationales ne sont pas très explicites, nous attendons les conclusions des Conférences des Nations Unies sur le Climat , COP 23,et COP 24. Selon les experts interviewés, le partenariat sur les contributions nationales lancé par le Maroc et l’Allemagne, l’an dernier, ont impulsé le développement et la planification de la finance climatique, mais les avancées sont timides. Le secteur privé peut avoir un rôle important dans l’accélération de l’accès à la finance climatique.  ...

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COP 23: “climate deniers will be defeated”- Tajiel Urioh
Sep23

COP 23: “climate deniers will be defeated”- Tajiel Urioh

COP 23 : “climate deniers will be defeated”- Tajiel Urioh Green Icon- Tajiel Urioh is a young activist from Tanzania. He is the founder of Green Icon, an non profit organization aims to fight climate change. Interview. By Houmi Ahamed-Mikidache   Eraenvironnement.com: Could you please introduce yourself?   I’m Tajiel Urioh, 28 years old from Arusha in Tanzania. I am currently based in Dar es Salaam. Since my childhood I always wanted to protect the  environment particularly plants. In secondary school, I thought about being a botanist. I finally studied later geography and Environment: my passion. I have now a BA Hons on Geography and Environmental Studies from University of Dar es Salaam . I’m a Founder and Executive Director of The Green Icon,  a non-profit organization I found in 2012 when I was second year student. Tajiel Urioh: What is The Green Icon about? The Green Icon is a non-profit organization working on environmental conservation, climate action, energy and green youth development. Action for Resilience is a flagship motto for our organization. We have been working with media houses and youth programmes. And we re thinking to  work with grassroot community now particularly on climate change adaptation, renewable energy and access to safe and clean water.   Two years after the adoption of the Paris Agreement, how do you proceed to help the communities understand the land issues? I see the consensus on adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals, Paris Agreement and Sendai Framework of Disaster Risk Reduction as one of the big victory the world experienced in recent years. On Paris agreement, first I’m very proud that I was one of CSOs soldiers who pushed governments tireless on this agreement, I remember the push on inclusion of Loss and Damage as per Warsaw International Mechanisms for Loss and Damage. I remember that night when all nations agreed and it was really a break heaven step. I’m now working with community on different youth groups and community on conservation and reforestation. With  my organization,  we are also working on raising awareness  for land conservation and well management as per call of Paris Agreement and SDG Goal 15 (Life on Land). How does your organization work with Women? The Green Icon recognizes the role of women. Women are drivers of change in community particularly when there are empowered. It  is for this  reason that we are working closely with girls and women. Women are good agent of changes especially in adaptation measures in agriculture sector where most of them are directly involved in Tanzania. Currently girls who are working with us are becoming voice of  the voice less in...

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COP 23- Action climatique: “Nous sommes au début d’une nouvelle ère” – Hakima El Haité
Sep11

COP 23- Action climatique: “Nous sommes au début d’une nouvelle ère” – Hakima El Haité

COP 23- Action climatique: “Nous sommes au début d’une nouvelle ère” – Hakima El Haité Ancienne Ministre de l’Environnement du Maroc, Hakima El Haité est actuellement l’envoyée spéciale du Royaume chérifien pour la COP 22. Nommée il y a un an championne de haut niveau pour le climat, elle décrit ses différentes actions, notamment celles sur le sommet des territoires  à Agadir  (Maroc) qui s’ouvre aujourd’hui. Entretien.    Propos recueillis par Houmi Ahamed-Mikidache Vous êtes l’une des actrices principales du sommet des territoires Climate Chance à Agadir. Qu’attendez-vous de cet événement ? Mobiliser, mobiliser et mobiliser. Ce rendez-vous est comme lors de ses éditions précédentes, destiné à rassembler, à partager ensemble les expériences, les bonnes pratiques, les espoirs et puiser l’énergie pour aller plus vite et plus loin. A Marrakech, les acteurs non étatiques ont d’une certaine manière créé l’événement. Rappelez-vous, la Cop 22 s’était ouverte sur l’annonce de l’élection de Donald Trump et les craintes qu’elle suscitait.  Depuis, ces craintes se sont concrétisées par l’annonce au printemps de la volonté de retrait des Etats-Unis de l’Accord de Paris. Contrairement à ce que nous aurions pu craindre, les acteurs non étatiques ont été plutôt galvanisés par cette difficulté politique. C’est grâce à eux que l’on peut parler désormais des nouvelles Conférences des Nations Unies sur le climat “duales” crées par l’Accord de Paris : celle de la négociation entre Etats, et celle de tous les autres acteurs qui agissent sur le terrain. Mais attention, leur efficacité est extrêmement tributaire de la capacité des Etats à mettre en place des politiques de long terme cohérentes avec la transition énergétique. A Agadir, nous sommes là pour construire des points entre le Sud et le Nord, encourager les acteurs non étatiques africains à rejoindre les coalitions mondiales. Nous avons par ailleurs suscité à Agadir un sommet des coalitions, les 13 et le 14 septembre pour nous assurer de la cohérence de ce que nous présenterons lors des journées thématiques de la COP 23, qu’il s’agisse des forêts, d’industrie, de l’océan et du yearbook. Ce sera une étape de travail essentielle pour réussir cette nouvelle COP. Avec un accent particulier sur la diffusion au-delà de l’enceinte onusienne de notre travail. Le grand public doit connaître notre action. Les décideurs économiques aussi. Les médias également. Cette connexion est une des clés de l’accélération de l’action climatique. C’est pour cela qu’à Bonn, nous allons insister sur deux points : le yearbook comme nouvel outil de travail pour les Parties et boussole des acteurs non étatiques et la diffusion du travail des coalitions sur tous les canaux, médias et réseaux sociaux compris. Vous avez récemment à Paris examiné le processus...

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Linking extreme weather to climate change- Scientists
Sep09

Linking extreme weather to climate change- Scientists

As we are watching with concern the unfolding extreme weather events around the globe today and in recent weeks, the relationship of these extremes to the underlying trend of climate change is being discussed by scientists. The Science Media Centre in London, UK has been collating some of these expert views. These comments are also available on the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Newsroom website.   Dr Adrian Champion, of the University of Exeter, said: “The occurrence of two category five hurricanes in the same season hasn’t been known to happen since records began. “It’s difficult to predict whether Irma will continue to strengthen – they get their energy from warm oceans and, given it’s already made landfall, you could expect it to weaken – but now it’s passing over the ocean again it could re-intensify. “The question regarding whether Jose will develop into a category five hurricane is mixed. Given that Irma has just passed through, there isn’t as much ‘energy’ to intensify Jose. However, the conditions are similar. “The climate change projections are that we’ll get fewer, but more intense, cyclones in the future.” Dr Ilan Kelman, Reader in Risk Resilience and Global Health at University College London, said: “As the scale of devastation from Hurricane Irma emerges, once post-disaster needs are met, we can ask about readiness. The islands which were hit knew they were in a hurricane zone and many run drills every year to be prepared for the hurricane season. In places, it appears to have saved lives. But we always want to strive to help everyone–and to be ready beforehand to reconstruct as soon as the storm has passed.” Dr Chris Holloway, tropical storm expert at the University of Reading, said: “Hurricane Irma is a potentially life-threatening storm for the Caribbean islands and neighbouring Leeward Islands due to winds up to 185 mph and storm surge up to 11 feet with large swells on top of this. The storm is likely to maintain very strong intensity (category 4 or 5) over the next three days, probably staying just north of the Greater Antilles but still a potential threat to Puerto Rico and Hispaniola. After that, the forecast track becomes more uncertain, with the storm likely affecting the Bahamas and Florida over the weekend. “Since the storm will begin to turn more towards the north in about five days, but the exact timing of this turn is uncertain, all of the Florida peninsula, the Bahamas, Cuba, and the Carolinas and Georgia should be prepared for a possible landfall or other effects of a severe hurricane.  The main dangers with this storm are storm surge and...

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