COP 23- Economie bleue: L’Afrique de l’Ouest consolide ses engagements- Déclaration
Juil18

COP 23- Economie bleue: L’Afrique de l’Ouest consolide ses engagements- Déclaration

COP 23- Economie bleue: L’Afrique de l’Ouest consolide ses engagements- Déclaration  13 ministres de la pêche du Comité des pêches du Centre- Ouest  du Golfe de Guinée (FCWC en anglais)  se sont rencontrés récemment à Nouakchott (Mauritanie), dans le cadre de la lutte pour développer  une orientation stratégique pour la seconde phase du Programme Régional des pêches ouest africaines (WARFP) prévue en 2018. Présentation. Par Houmi Ahamed-Mikidache L’Action 13 ministres de la pêche du Comité des pêches du Centre- Ouest du Golfe de Guinée : le Cap-Vert, la Gambie, la Guinée Conakry, la Guinée Bissau, la Mauritanie, le Sénégal, la Sierra Leone, le Bénin, la Côte d’Ivoire, le Liberia, le Nigeria, le Ghana et le Togo, se sont rencontrés récemment à Nouakchott dans le cadre de la lutte  pour développer  une orientation stratégique pour la seconde phase du Programme Régional des pêches ouest africaines (WARFP) prévue en 2018. Cette rencontre à Nouakchott fait suite à l’atelier de sensibilisation du 12 au 14 février 2017 à Sally au Sénégal. Les ministres demandent à la Banque Mondiale de financer la seconde phase du programme Programme Régional des pêches ouest africaines (WARFP) prévue donc en 2018 pour mettre en œuvre des réformes visant à protéger les ressources halieutiques en Afrique de l’Ouest. Face à la surpêche Les 13 ministres ont signé une déclaration conjointe dans laquelle ils reconnaissent le rôle primordial de la  pêche durable dans la lutte contre l’insécurité alimentaire et pour l’augmentation des revenus d’une population grandissante dans les zones côtières d’Afrique de l’Ouest. Dans cette déclaration officielle, ils se disent inquiets de l’étendue de la surpêche, la surcapacité, la pêche illégale, et l’impact des changements climatiques qui ont considérablement appauvris les ressources halieutiques, causants d’ importantes conséquences économiques. Les représentants des 13 pays précisent qu’ils reconnaissent le soutien apporté au Programme Régional des pêches ouest africaines (WARFP). Ce dernier existe depuis 2009. Il est financé par la Banque Mondiale et le Fonds pour l’environnement Mondial, avec pour ambition de renforcer  la gouvernance des pêches, réduire la pêche illégale, améliorer  la valeur ajoutée par le traitement local et la commercialisation des produits issus de la pêche. Les ministres ouest africains se disent satisfaits des résultats obtenus par le programme, notamment par le renforcement des capacités pour le contrôle des ressources halieutiques et l’amélioration des paiements des amendes et des sanctions dans les eaux côtières du Cap-Vert, du Liberia, du Sénégal et de la Sierra Leone.Les 13 signataires ont aussi accueilli favorablement l’initiative du président de la République islamique de Mauritanie pour la promotion de la transparence dans le secteur de la pêche. Cette initiative est soutenue par la Banque Mondiale....

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COP 22: Why Marrakesh Is More Important Than Paris COP21? – Olumide Idowu
Oct31

COP 22: Why Marrakesh Is More Important Than Paris COP21? – Olumide Idowu

COP 22: Why Marrakesh Is More Important Than Paris COP21? COP 22 will be held in Marrakesh, Morocco, from 7 to 18 November 2016. COP 20 in Lima was tagged the COP of negotiations of a universal climate change agreement, COP 21 in Paris last year was a COP of Agreement while COP 22 in Morocco is tagged the COP of Implementation. Taking critical decisions to ensure the implementation of the Paris Agreement is the major endeavor at COP 22 in Morocco. Last year, African Development Bank support contributed significantly to ensuring that Africa’s concerns were addressed in the Paris Agreement. The Bank has also committed to triple its climate change finance to about USD 5 billion per year and to provide USD 12 billion on renewable energy investments by 2020. In consistence with the New Deal on Energy for Africa that provides a good entry point for the implementation of the Paris Agreement, and given that COP 22 is a key milestone for the implementation of that Agreement, it is important that Africa is fully on board, while ensuring linkages with the Bank’s High Fives. “To make the Paris Agreement a real-world success story we need more than a historic political agreement, we need practical climate action to “decouple GDP from GHG” – or economic growth from greenhouse gases – as UN climate chief Christiana Figureres put it during a lecture at Climate-KIC partner the Grantham Institute.” Fours ways Marrakesh is going to help achieve that: Going from National to Global Action Plans is very important: In the run up to Paris, countries submitted their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Now, they are preparing their first climate action plans (NDCs) – dropping the ‘Intended’ from the title – which will be updated every five years and should represent an increase in ambition. This is the often cited ‘ratcheting’ mechanism built into the Paris Agreement. In Marrakesh, countries will hope to agree on how the stock-taking exercise should work every five years, and how they can make sure it will indeed ratchet up the level of ambition around the world. The action plans outline the post-2020 climate actions of each country and contain details such as emission-reduction targets and how governments plan to make those happen. A range of policies, including those addressing the aviation and maritime sectors (which are missing from the Paris Agreement), need to be drawn up and implemented to create what is often called the “enabling environment” for the transition to a low-carbon economy.   Making Measuring Progress Transparent will keep the commitment: Perhaps even more important, are...

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What you need to know about crop modification
Jan20

What you need to know about crop modification

By Rose  SM Gidado* Humans have been genetically modifying plants and animals for thousands of years through selective cross-breeding and domestication. Prior to the 1970s, it was primarily conducted by selecting the seeds of the best crops to sow each year, which eventually created relatively uniform strains of crop plants. Through hybridization, farmers were also able to create offspring that share the most beneficial traits of both parent lineages, including plants that grew taller, larger beef cattle, or longer blooming flowers. These methods are still used today. Genetic modification or engineering is simply the removing, modifying, or adding genes to a DNA molecule [of an organism] in order to change the information it contains. By changing this information, genetic modification changes the type or amount of proteins an organism is capable of producing, thus enabling it to make new substances or perform new functions. Genes are the pieces of DNA code, which regulate all biological processes in living organisms. The entire set of genetic information of an organism is present in every cell and is called the genome. In conventional breeding, half of an individual’s genes come from each parent, whereas in genetic modification one or several specially selected genes are added to the genetic material. Moreover, conventional plant breeding can only combine closely related plants. Genetic modification permits the transfer of genes between organisms that are not normally able to cross breed. For example a gene from a bacterium can be inserted into a plant cell to provide resistance to insects. Such a transfer produces organisms referred to as genetically modified (GM) or transgenic. In more than 30 per cent of all arable land, primarily in developing countries, aluminium can be present in the soil in a form that limits plant growth. To prevent these harmful effects, the usual approach is to add lime to the soil to reduce its acidity. However, this measure is costly and its benefits are temporary, because the aluminium remains in the soil. A new approach consists of developing new varieties of plants that are more tolerant to aluminium. For example, rye is four times more resistant to aluminium than wheat. A gene controlling aluminium tolerance in rye was identified and its position on the genome determined. Knowing the location of this gene in rye can help locate it in other crops such as wheat. Thus within a crop species individual plants which are more resistant than others to aluminium could be identified and selected for further breeding. Alternatively, the gene could also be transferred from rye to other closely related species such as wheat. One of the most widespread uses of genetic...

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Interview with GreenAid executive director Tabi Joda
Jan06

Interview with GreenAid executive director Tabi Joda

By Houmi Ahamed-Mikidache Executive director of GreenAid International, Tabi Joda, is from Northen Nigeria. With GreenAid, an international organization, Tabi Joda wants to involve more women in waste management in Northen Nigeria. What is GreenAid? GreenAid is an international organization working toward advancing climate environmental sustainability, globally, based in Nigeria, intervening in grassroot activities that help mitigating climate change. What is your project about? GreenAid is working on a project, aiming entirely to utilize waste management, converting plastic waste into waste management, to create recycling companies from plastic waste and to use most of the waste from households to provide organic manners that can be used by farmers instead of taking chemical fertilizers. Chemical fertilizers are not climate friendly. This project by GreenAid is fundamentaly to utilize household’s waste so that women can get engaged in the processing of the waste. GreenAid is intervening in Kaduna State for over 500 women. This is a sustainable livelihood that creates jobs and value for women now. How do you work with women in Northen Nigeria? Is it difficult? We are working with women with very many directions. First, there is a challenge in northen Nigeria where women are still having problems of self esteem. They are finding difficulties integrating into the mainstream commercial activities, in governance, development, environment and climate change. We develop self esteem and help them to function as other women and we also sensitize the environmental degradation on the livelihood of women. We sensitize and make them understand how the activities of housewives are linked with environmental degradation. 70 percent of women are housewives in Africa. They use food packages that are plastic. I would say that the large plastic waste come from households and these households are mostly controlled by women. We are engaging women to understand the link with their livelihoods, health challenges, economic challenges and how they can create value as women. Not only as housewives. Is there any difference between women from the South and from the North of Nigeria? The cultural backgrounds are different. It determines their lifestyle, the women in the South are more open and they are motivated to get involved in politics ,policy making and shaping opinion in terms of development. There are women living in two worlds apart, for the women in the North, there is a long way to go to integrate into the commercial the mainstream and political activities in Nigeria. How can you actually make these women work with the threat of Boka Haram? Women are a key factor in the whole issue of human security in Nigeria. Human security employment, poverty eradication and education are...

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Audio Interview with Hamzat Lawal
Déc27

Audio Interview with Hamzat Lawal

Houmi Ahamed-Mikidache interviews Hamzat Lawal. Hamzat Lawal, 25 years old is based in Nigeria. He is a student in political science at the University Abuja and is on the executive board of the African Youth Initiatives on Climate Change. This organization was launched in 2006 with the aim of mobilizing young people to have one voice on the issue of climate change. During the 5th session of the Climate Change conference in Africa and the recent COP 21 forum in Paris, he was at the forefront with side events and workshops. “Young people do not understand what Climate Change is. So for us, we felt that it was a sense of responsability.” In Abuja, Hamzat formed an environmental club when he was younger. He also has many partnerships with local radio. They have their own platform, with their own language. They also used the social networks to communicate. Hamzat has led a local NGO since 2010 and will also send young people in an exchange programme to Europe. Hamzat wants to localize the opportunity to climate change. He wants citizens to take ownership. “Why can’t we invest in renewable energy and create jobs?” said Hamzat during the interview. If he has an opportunity to work in Nigeria, he will go to farming. Investing in Climate Smart Agriculture is a “climatic opportunity,” he said during the interview. In a short film broadcast during the COP 21 forum in Paris ealrier this month, young people gave their views on how the COP 21 can be a success. Listen to the interview on his background on the opportunity to climate change by clicking on the links below:       Interview-1.mp3...

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