Crowding the private sector into Africa’s climate action
Déc12

Crowding the private sector into Africa’s climate action

Crowding the private sector into Africa’s climate action It is in the enlightened self-interest of African private sector to begin to mobilise investment capital for Africa’s climate action LAGOS, Nigeria, December 12, 2016/ — The global community for climate action was spooked by the November 8 election of Donald Trump as the next President of the United States. The US President-elect had earned the sobriquet of “climate denier,” for his claim that climate change is a hoax. However, there is cautious optimism that his presidency will not overturn the global agenda on climate change. Hopefully, his views on climate change will change and align with reality when he settles into the Oval Office. Policymakers also believe that global climate agreements cannot be reversed easily. In the meantime, stakeholders are pressing on with formulating strategies for climate change mitigation and adaptation. The 22nd session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 22) to the United Nations’ agency on climate change held on November 7 – 18 in Marrakech, Morocco. At the climate talks, Australia, Japan, United Kingdom, Pakistan and seven other countries ratified the December 2015 Paris Climate Agreement. A total of 111 countries, including the United States, China and Member Countries of the European Union ratified the agreement by the time COP 22 concluded. Since the Paris accord entered into force on November 4th, quite earlier than anticipated, global action against climate change has effectively shifted to strategic programming. Therefore, in Marrakech, Canada, Germany, Mexico and the United States published their plans to significantly decarbonize their economies by 2050. A group of 47 developing nations also committed to running entirely on renewable energy sources “as rapidly as possible.” Some of the plans are already gaining traction. Investments in renewable energy totalled $286 billion in 2015. This surpassed by 3% the previous high of renewable energy investment achieved in 2011. Data gleaned from Global Trends in Renewable Energy Investment 2016, a joint publication by United Nations Environment Programme and Bloomberg, further revealed that last year, coal and gas-fired electricity generation drew less than half the record investment made in solar, wind and other renewable energy sources. The trend in renewable energy investment is a mixed bag, even in developing countries. China alone accounted for 55% of total investment last year; Africa’s share was less than 5%. As climate change mitigation is being driven by investment in green energy, Africa is already taking the familiar position at the back seat on the ‘green energy train’. This was not unanticipated by climate policymakers. Although China is the clear leader in investment in renewables, other developing countries, in particular the low-income countries, are...

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Seizième Sommet de la Francophonie: ” Une formidable opportunité pour le pays de présenter son potentiel”-Ylias Akbaraly
Nov22

Seizième Sommet de la Francophonie: ” Une formidable opportunité pour le pays de présenter son potentiel”-Ylias Akbaraly

  Seizième Sommet de la Francophonie- Antananarivo (Madagascar) : ” Une formidable opportunité pour le pays de présenter son potentiel”. Ylias Akbaraly   Du 22 au 27 Novembre, le seizième sommet de la Francophonie se tient à Antananarivo ( Madagascar). Une première. Thème principal : le partage de  la croissance et du développement responsable,  conditions de stabilité dans le monde et au sein de la Francophonie. Ylias Akbaraly, président du Group Sipromad, est  considéré comme le cinquième homme d’affaires le plus riche d’Afrique francophone. Il a  transformé la petite entreprise familiale de fabrication de produits de consommation que son père a fondé (avec un chiffre d’affaires de 20 000 $) en conglomérat multinational . L’entreprise compte aujourd’hui plus de 3 000 collaborateurs, et  un chiffre d’affaires de plus de 150 millions de dollars. Actuellement, le Groupe possède des bureaux au Maroc et à l’île Maurice et entend élargir ses activités dans d’autres pays. Dans un profond entretien, Ylias Akbaraly décrit sa vision du développement durable à Madagascar et en Afrique en général.   Propos recueillis par Houmi Ahamed-Mikidache   Eraenvironnement.com : Pour la Première fois, Madagascar accueille le Sommet de la Francophonie. Ce pays a de nombreux défis liés à la lutte contre la pauvreté. Comment cet événement pourra aider ce pays situé dans l’océan Indien? Ylias Akbaraly :  C’est une grande opportunité pour Madagascar et les hommes d’Affaires malgaches, parce qu’il y a de nombreuses délégations, chefs d’Etat et d’importants hommes d’affaires qui participent au Sommet. Le Maroc, par exemple, le Roi Mohamed VI est ici avec 200 hommes d’Affaires. Ce sommet est une formidable opportunité de montrer  le potentiel de Madagascar. Nous signons en ce moment des contrats bancaires qui peuvent nous aider à accroître nos affaires en Afrique. Madagascar peut-elle être la porte d’entrée de l’Océan Indien ? Madagascar peut être la porte d’entrée de ‘l’Océan Indien pour des raison simples. Premièrement,  nous sommes situés entre l’Asie et l’Afrique . Deuxièmement,  nous sommes le plus grand pays de l’Océan Indien. Et troisièmement, nous avons une jeune population très bien éduquée. Le gouvernement devrait simplifier les réglementations pour faciliter l’arrivée des entrepreneurs et hommes d’affaires étrangers.  J’ajoute aussi que les investisseurs doivent offrir la meilleure éducation et formation à la jeune génération. Vous avez investi dans plusieurs domaines, de l’infrastructure à l’aviation en passant par l’Hydroélectricité ou même l’Agribusiness. Madagascar est considérée comme l’une des destinations émergentes du tourisme en Afrique.  Comment pourriez-vous décrire ce tourisme ? Comparé à l’île Maurice  qui accueille chaque année 1 million de touristes, Madagascar  en compte environ 200 000 par an. Mais, il y a un potentiel énorme dans ce pays. Madagascar doit  prioriser le tourisme. Mais, nous...

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Marrakech Action Proclamation for  Our Climate And Sustainable Development
Nov20

Marrakech Action Proclamation for Our Climate And Sustainable Development

                                   Marrakech Action Proclamation                                         For  Our Climate And Sustainable Development   Head of State gathered in Marrakech  for the UN Climate Conference on Climate Change. Their signed a statement to signal  a shift towards a new era of implementation and action on climate and sustainable development. Few sentences to keep in mind. Opinion by Heads of State   How they will  respond to climate change? “Our climate is warming at an alarming and unprecedented rate and we have an urgent duty to respond. We welcome the Paris Agreement, adopted under the Convention, its rapid entry into force, with its ambitious goals, its inclusive nature and its reflection of equity and common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities, in the light of different national circumstances, and we affirm our commitment to its full implementation.” “Indeed, this year, we have seen extraordinary momentum on climate change worldwide, and in many multilateral fora. This momentum is irreversible – it is being driven not only by governments, but by science, business and global action of all types at all levels.Our task now is to rapidly build on that momentum, together, moving forward purposefully to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and to foster adaptation efforts, thereby benefiting and supporting the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its Sustainable Development Goals.We call for the highest political commitment to combat climate change, as a matter of urgent priority. We call for strong solidarity with those countries most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, and underscore the need to support efforts aimed to enhance their adaptive capacity, strengthen resilience and reduce vulnerability.We call for all Parties to strengthen and support efforts to eradicate poverty, ensure food security and to take stringent action to deal with climate change challenges in agriculture.We call for urgently raising ambition and strengthening cooperation amongst ourselves to close the gap between current emissions trajectories and the pathway needed to meet the long-term temperature goals of the Paris Agreement.” Climate Finance: Crucial “We call for an increase in the volume, flow and access to finance for climate projects, alongside improved capacity and technology, including from developed to developing countries. We the Developed Country Parties reaffirm our USD $100 billion mobilization goal.                                                                                      We, unanimously, call for further climate action and support, well in advance of 2020, taking into account the specific needs and special circumstances of developing countries, the least developed countries and those particularly vulnerable to the adverse impacts of climate change.” The Doha Amendment* “We who are Parties to the Kyoto Protocol encourage the ratification of the Doha Amendment.  We, collectively, call on all non-state actors to join us for immediate...

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دخول اتفاق باريس حيز التنفيذ: احتفال وعودة إلى الواقع ( COP 22)
Nov04

دخول اتفاق باريس حيز التنفيذ: احتفال وعودة إلى الواقع ( COP 22)

    دخول اتفاق باريس حيز التنفيذ: احتفال وعودة إلى الواقع ( COP 22)   بقلم باتريسيا سبينوزا الأمينة التنفيذية للاتفاقية الإطار للأمم المتحدة حول التغيرات المناخية و صلاح الدين مزوار، الرئيس المقبل للدورة الثانية والعشرين لمؤتمر الأطراف للأمم المتحدة حول التغيرات المناخية (COP22) ووزير الخارجية والتعاون للمملكة المغربية   مراكش، المغرب – على الإنسانية أن تنظر إلى يوم 4 نونبر 2016 على أنه اليوم الذي وضعت فيه بلدان العالم حاجزا أمام كارثة |مناخية محققة، لتسير بعزم نحو مستقبل مستدام.   إن اتفاق باريس حول التغيرات المناخية، الذي هو نتاج مفاوضات حول المناخ هي الأكثر تعقيداً وشمولا وحساسية، قد دخل اليوم حيز التنفيذ.   ولاريب في أن اتفاق باريس يشكل نقطة تحول في تاريخ الجهد المشترك، لأنه يجسد الرغبة السياسية والاقتصادية والاجتماعية المشتركة للحكومات والمدن والمواطنين والشركات والمستثمرين لصد التهديد الوجودي الذي يشكله تغير مناخي خارج نطاق الضبط.   فالدخول المبكر لاتفاق باريس حيز التنفيذ يشكل إشارة سياسة صريحة، تعكس التزام جميع أمم العالم بالعمل العالمي الحازم للحد من التغيرات المناخية.   وسيشكل انعقاد المؤتمر الأممي بشأن المناخ الأسبوع المقبل بمراكش انطلاقة جديدة للمجتمع الدولي بالإضافة إلى كونه أول لقاء للجهاز الإداري لاتفاق باريس المعروفة بـ(CMA)، والذي سينعقد يوم 15 نونبر.   إنها لحظة جديرة بالاحتفاء، وهي على الخصوص لحظة استشراف للمستقبل مع تقييم جاد وعزم متجدد لمواصلة هذه المهمة في المستقبل.   ففي المستقبل القريب وبالتحديد في السنوات الـ15 المقبلة، ينبغي أن نشهد انخفاضات غير مسبوقة في انبعاثات الغازات الدفيئة، وبذل جهود منقطعة النظير لبناء مجتمعات قادرة على مقاومة التأثيرات المناخية المتزايدة.   إن الوقت يضغط، فانبعاثات الغازات المسببة للتغير المناخي عالميا وتأثيراتها ما تزال في تصاعد، وهذه حقيقة يجب أن يضعها المشاركون بمؤتمر مراكش في صلب اهتماماتهم وعزمهم المشترك.   ولقد أكدت المنظمة العالمية للأرصاد الجوية ارتفاع المعدل العالمي لتركيز أهم الغازات الدفيئة (ثاني أكسيد الكاربون) في غلاف الجوي إلى مستويات قياسية بلغت 400 جزء في المليون لأول مرة سنة 2015 وحطمت رقما قياسيا جديدا سنة 2016.   ويعكس هذا أن العالم متأخر في الاستجابة لأهم أهداف اتفاق باريس والمتجلية في السعي ما أمكن للحد من الاحتباس الحراري إلى ما دون درجتين مئويتين والاقتراب ما أمكن من هدف درجة ونصف، لتفادي نقطة الانزياح الخطرة التي قد نفقد بعدها السيطرة على النتائج.   لقد أهدت باريس بارقة أمل لكل رجل وامرأة وطفل على هذا الكوكب، إلا أن احتفال اليوم يجب أن يكون مبنيا ليس فقط على ضمان توفير السياسات والتكنولوجيا والتمويل اللازم لتحقيق هذه الأهداف، بل يجب أن يعتمد كذلك على استعمال هذه الوسائل بشكل غير مسبوق.   لقد دخل اتفاق باريس حيز التنفيذ بشكل سريع وسط موجة من العمل والتعهدات ببناء صناعة عالمية للطاقات المتجددة بالإضافة إلى تنظيف قطاعات الكهرباء والإنتاج والبناء والفلاحة، علاوة على إعادة تنظيم الاقتصادات والمجتمعات، لتعزيز قدراتها على التكيف مع التأثيرات المناخية الموجودة...

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COP 22- Bangladesh- Energy: Women are game-changers in promoting access to clean energy
Oct23

COP 22- Bangladesh- Energy: Women are game-changers in promoting access to clean energy

  COP 22- Bangladesh- Energy: Women are game-changers in promoting access to clean energy   A group of Tanzanians visited Bangladesh a few weeks  ago to learn about renewable energy initiatives in this country with the aim  to help Tanzania  “achieving 100 percent use of renewable energy”. The Tanzania delegation comprised representatives from the Parliament, the Ministry of Energy and Mineral resources, the civil society and the media.   Report by Deodatus Mfugale Dhaka, Bangladesh Rural women training Modhukhali village in Bangladesh-  Here is Shahana Begama in a classroom, speaking to 20 women. The women are listening deeply. On a table, one can see various components: a solar system, a bulb, a solar panel, a control panel, battery…These tools are used by Mrs Begama during a training. Today, she explains how to use the  Solar Home System ( SHS), a cheap and a simple solar equipment. It provides electricity to poor family. The aim of the training is to assure families that they can have access to energy easily  . The training programme helps also families to used  solar systems. It creates a positive social force in the village as it promotes renewable energies technologies. “By implementing this programme, those women who come from poor, disadvantaged families will be able to contribute to the family income, especially  improving the education and health  of their  their children,” explained Dipal Chandra Barua, Chairman and Founder of GGEF. Over 400 women in rural Bangladesh have been trained in servicing solar systems installed in their homes since 2010. This is thanks to the Bright Green Energy Foundation (BGEF) which strives to provide access to clean energy to poor families in the rural areas. By December last year (2015), four million solar homes systems had been installed while almost 50,000 SHS are being installed in rural homes every month. Women Empowerment Besides repairing and maintaining their own Solar Home System, the women also provide maintenance services to other community members and train other rural women to become “green technicians, according to Mr Barua. “Some women technicians assemble and repair solar accessories: they can earn more than Tk6000 (approximately USD 76) per month. This is not a very big amount of money but it helps rural families to meet their needs,” he said. “We have taken the assembling and repairing of solar accessories to the rural areas at the users’ doorstep and created ‘green’ jobs for rural women while promoting women entrepreneurs of the future,” he added. Strategy Building capacity and helping people having access to energy is really needed and helpful said  trainees. “My children can now study and do their homework at home...

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COP 22- Nigeria-Civil Society:  “tackling climate change with women and youth”- Olumide Idowu
Oct18

COP 22- Nigeria-Civil Society: “tackling climate change with women and youth”- Olumide Idowu

After 10 years of volunteering, Olumide Idowu is one  of the emerging  young leaders of Africa. He will be  one of the young people who can make the difference in COP 22. Profile.   “When it comes to tackling climate change, everyone needs to be brought to the table, especially women and young people, ” said Olumide Idowu. Olumide has  been engaging youth in Nigeria and Africa with making their voice to be heard both “offline and online” for  10 years. “I want a better place for all”,  he proclaims. After COP 21, Olumide reacted quickly by involving social networks, reporting, strategic projects to fight against climate change in Africa . He worked with many organizations such as the United Nations Environment Program,  UN-Habitat as Youth Champions for Africa, Save the Children Nigeria, Amnesty International . He is part of different strategic team: Environmental Leadership Academy, Mentorship HUB Africa, Climate Wednesday, Youth Initiative Africa. He raises issues such as  waste management, smart agriculture, water management and climate finance. Olumide has a Bachelor of Statistics and a diploma of Computer Science & Communication  from the University of Abuja in  Nigeria. Recently,  he attended the 10th conference of the the African Youth Initiative on climate Change ( AYICC). Olumide is currently the  Senior Communication of this organization. Launched in 2006, AYICC aims to mobilize  young people to have one voice on climate change issues. This year themes were: -Promoting the role of youth in having  access to climate finance through the Green climate fund. -Integrating youth in climate related policies, plan, projects and program at national and regional and international levels. -Building capacity of youth on climate science and negotiations in order to increase their participation and influence on Climate governance   By Houmi Ahamed-Mikidache          ...

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