Sudan : Integrating Climate Change into Societies
Mar17

Sudan : Integrating Climate Change into Societies

By Houmi Ahamed Mikidache Following the Paris Agreement adopted last December, eight countries in Eastern Africa have brought together their strategies to fight Climate Change. Sudan is one of them. Recently, eight countries in Eastern Africa, members of the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD), have identified and prioritized their major climate challenges, opportunities and strategic areas of interventions. These countries are Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan and Uganda. To quote the Director of the Special Initiatives Division of the African Climate Policy Center at UNECA, Dr Fatima Denton, speaking in an AMCEN* meeting during the COP 21,  “  Climate change does offer several opportunities to walk confidently towards an industrial development pathway that will create jobs for the rural poor and reinvigorate trade between urban and rural populations.” Sudan’s strategy Sudan is located in North-East Africa and its land was last measured at 2,376 million sq km in 2014, according to the World Bank. “We have the land in Sudan. We can work in forestry, forest plantations. We can work on carbon sequestration, by planting trees. We can work on renewable, solar energy, wind energy, hydroenergy and so on and so forth,” said Dr Hassan Abdelgadir Hilal, Minister of Environment, Forestry and physical development of Sudan, in parallele of the INDCs* Forum in Rabat (Morocco) on october last year. As mentioned in its national action plan, namely Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC), Sudan is “currently implementing some key urgent and immediate adaptation initiatives in six of its eighteen vulnerable states, identified in the National Adaptations Programmes of Actions (NAPA)*. Sudan wants to reach 20% of renewable share in the power mix by 2030. According to the Oil & Gas Journal (OGJ) , published in 2014, Sudan and South Sudan are major oil producers. With the split, they are now ranked as the fourth-largest non-OPEC African oil producer. As oil prices drop, African oil producing countries have to adapt, noted oil strategists, in an Oil week meeting in Cape Town ( South Africa) in 2015.  Population in Sudan is estimated 41, 029 476 million in 2016. Energy poverty rates 65% . To achieve energy efficiency, it aims to raise its forest area to 25% by 2030. It needs also to implement its adaptation initiatives based on its National Adaptations Programmes of Actions, notes experts in the Sudan’s national action plan . The main development sectors are water, agriculture and health. A total of 12.88 USD billions has been requested by the country to the international community. It includes 1.2 billions USD$ for adaptation and 11.68 billions for mitigation. “Most of the African countries completed their national action...

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