COP 22-  Knowledge and Learning: Strategies for Managing Climate Change
Nov05

COP 22- Knowledge and Learning: Strategies for Managing Climate Change

COP 22-  Knowledge and Learning: Strategies for Managing Climate Change By Olumide Idowu   Education: the key Many Africans are aware that some changes occur in the environment year in and year out but they need to understand  such change: increased disease, food shortages, and extreme flooding at various localities during certain periods of the year. Yet there have been no efforts to reduce the occurrences or avert them altogether. It is urgent to educate the public of the signs of climate change as well as management and prevention strategies. Many of us are aware that climate change is severely affecting livelihoods in Africa through changes in rainfall patterns. About seventy percent of the farmers expressed that their crops were washed away by floods, eliminating their yields for consumption or sale. In some part of West African countries the fishermen were not spared since they could not catch as much fish as they used to and the environment was not conducive for human life since all the debris washed away by water or flood was deposited at various places. About 70 percent of them at various fishing ports lamented that they suffer this disaster yearly but do not have the solution to their problems. According to Zack [1], Knowledge Management consists of a series of strategies and practice used in an organization to identify, create, distribute and enable adoption of insights and experiences. Such insights and experiences consist of knowledge integrated into or embodied in organizational theories and practice [2]. For many years, researchers have explored local knowledge about environmental change and increasingly over the past decade, local knowledge in relation to climate change specifically. They know much more about the content of the different types of knowledge that are important for responding to climate change-from modeling future rainfall changes in a particular country to how to get the most out of an agricultural environment in highly variable conditions. However, they still do not know how to translate these different forms of knowledge into practice and make them accessible to policymakers, front-line staff (such as agricultural extension officers or health workers), and people in poor communities on the ground. They also have a poor grasp of strategies for bringing together people from different backgrounds and starting points, so that they can reconcile what they know. Bringing together different perspectives is important for both the quality and legitimacy of decisions about adaptation [3]. In African schools, practical demonstrations are needed in order for children to actively use their acquired knowledge and skills to improve society. Teachers should also demonstrate the importance of agriculture in the growth of the nation. In...

Read More
COP 22 : Préparation de la participation du Bénin
Nov05

COP 22 : Préparation de la participation du Bénin

COP 22 : Préparation de la participation du Bénin  En prélude à la COP 22, le comité national en charge des changements climatiques au Bénin uniformise ses actions. La semaine dernière, scientifiques, négociateurs béninois et acteurs de la société civile se sont réunis à huis clos. Objet principal de leurs discussions : l’unité africaine. Par Hippolyte Agossou En prélude à la COP 22, le comité national en charge des changements climatiques au Bénin uniformise ses actions. La semaine dernière, scientifique, négociateurs béninois et acteurs de la société civile se sont réunis à huis clos. Objet principal de leurs discussions : l’unité africaine. En  2015, 81 milliards de dollars  ont été mobilisés pour des projets financés par les six plus grandes banques multilatérales de développement, selon un rapport présenté par la Banque Mondiale . L’Afrique ne bénéficie  que de 9% de ce  montant, précise le rapport. Les projets africains sont jugés non ” bancables”, soulignent les experts. La COP 22,  toujours selon  les experts, devrait permettre au continent d’obtenir plus de fonds et une autre approche pour lutter contre les changements climatiques. Autres priorités: l’action. ” Nous allons rappeler aux décideurs ces différentes décisions  prises[ lors de la COP 21] pour que l’action accompagne les décisions,” explique, dans le reportage ci-dessous,  Christian Hounkannou, acteur de la société civile du Bénin....

Read More
دخول اتفاق باريس حيز التنفيذ: احتفال وعودة إلى الواقع ( COP 22)
Nov04

دخول اتفاق باريس حيز التنفيذ: احتفال وعودة إلى الواقع ( COP 22)

    دخول اتفاق باريس حيز التنفيذ: احتفال وعودة إلى الواقع ( COP 22)   بقلم باتريسيا سبينوزا الأمينة التنفيذية للاتفاقية الإطار للأمم المتحدة حول التغيرات المناخية و صلاح الدين مزوار، الرئيس المقبل للدورة الثانية والعشرين لمؤتمر الأطراف للأمم المتحدة حول التغيرات المناخية (COP22) ووزير الخارجية والتعاون للمملكة المغربية   مراكش، المغرب – على الإنسانية أن تنظر إلى يوم 4 نونبر 2016 على أنه اليوم الذي وضعت فيه بلدان العالم حاجزا أمام كارثة |مناخية محققة، لتسير بعزم نحو مستقبل مستدام.   إن اتفاق باريس حول التغيرات المناخية، الذي هو نتاج مفاوضات حول المناخ هي الأكثر تعقيداً وشمولا وحساسية، قد دخل اليوم حيز التنفيذ.   ولاريب في أن اتفاق باريس يشكل نقطة تحول في تاريخ الجهد المشترك، لأنه يجسد الرغبة السياسية والاقتصادية والاجتماعية المشتركة للحكومات والمدن والمواطنين والشركات والمستثمرين لصد التهديد الوجودي الذي يشكله تغير مناخي خارج نطاق الضبط.   فالدخول المبكر لاتفاق باريس حيز التنفيذ يشكل إشارة سياسة صريحة، تعكس التزام جميع أمم العالم بالعمل العالمي الحازم للحد من التغيرات المناخية.   وسيشكل انعقاد المؤتمر الأممي بشأن المناخ الأسبوع المقبل بمراكش انطلاقة جديدة للمجتمع الدولي بالإضافة إلى كونه أول لقاء للجهاز الإداري لاتفاق باريس المعروفة بـ(CMA)، والذي سينعقد يوم 15 نونبر.   إنها لحظة جديرة بالاحتفاء، وهي على الخصوص لحظة استشراف للمستقبل مع تقييم جاد وعزم متجدد لمواصلة هذه المهمة في المستقبل.   ففي المستقبل القريب وبالتحديد في السنوات الـ15 المقبلة، ينبغي أن نشهد انخفاضات غير مسبوقة في انبعاثات الغازات الدفيئة، وبذل جهود منقطعة النظير لبناء مجتمعات قادرة على مقاومة التأثيرات المناخية المتزايدة.   إن الوقت يضغط، فانبعاثات الغازات المسببة للتغير المناخي عالميا وتأثيراتها ما تزال في تصاعد، وهذه حقيقة يجب أن يضعها المشاركون بمؤتمر مراكش في صلب اهتماماتهم وعزمهم المشترك.   ولقد أكدت المنظمة العالمية للأرصاد الجوية ارتفاع المعدل العالمي لتركيز أهم الغازات الدفيئة (ثاني أكسيد الكاربون) في غلاف الجوي إلى مستويات قياسية بلغت 400 جزء في المليون لأول مرة سنة 2015 وحطمت رقما قياسيا جديدا سنة 2016.   ويعكس هذا أن العالم متأخر في الاستجابة لأهم أهداف اتفاق باريس والمتجلية في السعي ما أمكن للحد من الاحتباس الحراري إلى ما دون درجتين مئويتين والاقتراب ما أمكن من هدف درجة ونصف، لتفادي نقطة الانزياح الخطرة التي قد نفقد بعدها السيطرة على النتائج.   لقد أهدت باريس بارقة أمل لكل رجل وامرأة وطفل على هذا الكوكب، إلا أن احتفال اليوم يجب أن يكون مبنيا ليس فقط على ضمان توفير السياسات والتكنولوجيا والتمويل اللازم لتحقيق هذه الأهداف، بل يجب أن يعتمد كذلك على استعمال هذه الوسائل بشكل غير مسبوق.   لقد دخل اتفاق باريس حيز التنفيذ بشكل سريع وسط موجة من العمل والتعهدات ببناء صناعة عالمية للطاقات المتجددة بالإضافة إلى تنظيف قطاعات الكهرباء والإنتاج والبناء والفلاحة، علاوة على إعادة تنظيم الاقتصادات والمجتمعات، لتعزيز قدراتها على التكيف مع التأثيرات المناخية الموجودة...

Read More
COP 22: Paris Agreement Enters into Force – Celebration and Reality Check
Nov04

COP 22: Paris Agreement Enters into Force – Celebration and Reality Check

COP 22: Paris Agreement Enters into Force – Celebration and Reality Check   By Patricia Espinosa, UNFCCC Executive Secretary And  Salaheddine Mezouar, President of COP22 and Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation of the Kingdom of Morocco   Marrakech, Morocco – Humanity will look back on November 4, 2016, as the day that countries of the world shut the door on inevitable climate disaster and set off with determination towards a sustainable future.   The Paris Climate Change Agreement – the result of the most complex, comprehensive and critical international climate negotiation ever attempted – came into force today.   The Agreement is undoubtedly a turning point in the history of common human endeavor, capturing the combined political, economic and social will of governments, cities, regions, citizens, business and investors to overcome the existential threat of unchecked climate change.   Its early entry into force is a clear political signal that all the nations of the world are devoted to decisive global action on climate change.   Next week’s UN climate change conference in Marrakech represents a new departure for the international community, and the first meeting of the Paris Agreement’s governing body, known as the CMA, will take place during it on November 15.   This is a moment to celebrate. It is also a moment to look ahead with sober assessment and renewed will over the task ahead.   In a short time – and certainly in the next 15 years – we need to see unprecedented reductions in greenhouse gas emissions and unequalled efforts to build societies that can resist rising climate impacts.   The timetable is pressing because globally greenhouse gas emissions which drive climate change and its impacts are not yet falling – a fact which the Marrakech meeting must have at the front of its concerns and collective resolve.   The World Meteorological Organization has now confirmed that the average global concentration in the atmosphere of the main greenhouse gas, carbon dioxide, reached the symbolic and significant milestone of 400 parts per million for the first time in 2015 and broke new records in 2016.   This means that the world is not nearly on track to meet the Paris Agreement’s primary goal to limit global warming well below 2°C and as close to 1.5°C as possible to prevent dangerous climate tipping points, beyond which we may lose the ability to control the outcome.   Paris delivered a gift of hope for every man, woman and child on the planet. Yet today’s celebration can also rest on the assurance that the policies, technology and finance to achieve these goals not only exist, but...

Read More
COP 22: L’Accord de Paris entre en vigueur – Célébration et retour à la réalité
Nov04

COP 22: L’Accord de Paris entre en vigueur – Célébration et retour à la réalité

COP 22:L’Accord de Paris entre en vigueur – Célébration et retour à la réalité Par Patricia Espinosa, Secrétaire exécutive de la CCNUCC Et Salaheddine Mezouar, président de la COP22 et ministre des Affaires étrangères et de la Coopération du Royaume du Maroc Opinion. Marrakech, Maroc – L’Humanité se souviendra du 4 novembre 2016 comme le jour où les pays du monde entier ont arrêté la marche vers une catastrophe climatique qui semblait inévitable et ont ouvert la voie à un avenir durable.   L’Accord de Paris sur le changement climatique, résultat des négociations climatiques les plus complexes, complètes et sensibles jamais entreprises, est entré en vigueur aujourd’hui.   L’Accord constituera, sans aucun doute, un tournant dans l’histoire de l’effort de l’humanité et matérialise la volonté politique, économique et sociale des gouvernements, villes, régions, citoyens, entreprises et investisseurs de vaincre la menace qu’un changement climatique non maîtrisé représente pour la nature humaine.   Son entrée en vigueur rapide est le signal politique clair que les nations du monde entier sont engagées pour une action mondiale décisive contre le changement climatique.   La Conférence de l’ONU sur le changement climatique, qui se tiendra la semaine prochaine à Marrakech, représente un nouveau départ pour la communauté internationale. La première réunion de l’organe de direction de l’Accord de Paris (CMA) s’y déroulera le 15 novembre.   C’est un moment de célébration. C’est surtout le moment de se projeter vers  l’avenir, sans complaisance, mais avec une volonté ferme de poursuivre notre mission.   Dans un futur proche, et certainement dans les 15 prochaines années, des réductions encore inédites d’émissions de gaz à effet de serre et des efforts inégalés pour bâtir des sociétés résilientes aux effets du climat seront nécessaires.   Le temps presse : à l’échelle mondiale, les émissions de gaz à effet de serre responsables du changement climatique et de ses impacts continuent d’augmenter ; la réunion de Marrakech doit garder cette priorité en tête de ses préoccupations.   L’Organisation météorologique mondiale (OMM) a confirmé que la concentration mondiale moyenne dans l’atmosphère du principal gaz à effet de serre, le dioxyde de carbone, a atteint pour la première fois en 2015 la barre symbolique des 400 particules par million et a battu de nouveaux records en 2016.   Le monde n’est donc pas encore en voie d’atteindre l’objectif essentiel de l’Accord de Paris qui est de limiter le réchauffement mondial en dessous de 2°C, et de se rapprocher autant que possible de l’objectif de 1,5°C, afin d’éviter un basculement climatique dangereux irréversible.   Paris a redonné de l’espoir au monde entier. L’événement que nous célébrons aujourd’hui repose sur la certitude que les politiques, la technologie et...

Read More
COP 22: Why Marrakesh Is More Important Than Paris COP21? – Olumide Idowu
Oct31

COP 22: Why Marrakesh Is More Important Than Paris COP21? – Olumide Idowu

COP 22: Why Marrakesh Is More Important Than Paris COP21? COP 22 will be held in Marrakesh, Morocco, from 7 to 18 November 2016. COP 20 in Lima was tagged the COP of negotiations of a universal climate change agreement, COP 21 in Paris last year was a COP of Agreement while COP 22 in Morocco is tagged the COP of Implementation. Taking critical decisions to ensure the implementation of the Paris Agreement is the major endeavor at COP 22 in Morocco. Last year, African Development Bank support contributed significantly to ensuring that Africa’s concerns were addressed in the Paris Agreement. The Bank has also committed to triple its climate change finance to about USD 5 billion per year and to provide USD 12 billion on renewable energy investments by 2020. In consistence with the New Deal on Energy for Africa that provides a good entry point for the implementation of the Paris Agreement, and given that COP 22 is a key milestone for the implementation of that Agreement, it is important that Africa is fully on board, while ensuring linkages with the Bank’s High Fives. “To make the Paris Agreement a real-world success story we need more than a historic political agreement, we need practical climate action to “decouple GDP from GHG” – or economic growth from greenhouse gases – as UN climate chief Christiana Figureres put it during a lecture at Climate-KIC partner the Grantham Institute.” Fours ways Marrakesh is going to help achieve that: Going from National to Global Action Plans is very important: In the run up to Paris, countries submitted their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Now, they are preparing their first climate action plans (NDCs) – dropping the ‘Intended’ from the title – which will be updated every five years and should represent an increase in ambition. This is the often cited ‘ratcheting’ mechanism built into the Paris Agreement. In Marrakesh, countries will hope to agree on how the stock-taking exercise should work every five years, and how they can make sure it will indeed ratchet up the level of ambition around the world. The action plans outline the post-2020 climate actions of each country and contain details such as emission-reduction targets and how governments plan to make those happen. A range of policies, including those addressing the aviation and maritime sectors (which are missing from the Paris Agreement), need to be drawn up and implemented to create what is often called the “enabling environment” for the transition to a low-carbon economy.   Making Measuring Progress Transparent will keep the commitment: Perhaps even more important, are...

Read More

En continuant à utiliser le site, vous acceptez l’utilisation des cookies. Plus d’informations

Les paramètres des cookies sur ce site sont définis sur « accepter les cookies » pour vous offrir la meilleure expérience de navigation possible. Si vous continuez à utiliser ce site sans changer vos paramètres de cookies ou si vous cliquez sur "Accepter" ci-dessous, vous consentez à cela.

Fermer