Poor plant bio-security: A threat to regional food security integration
Mar23

Poor plant bio-security: A threat to regional food security integration

   Poor plant bio-security: A threat to regional food security integration By Newton Vusa Sibanda While intra-regional agricultural trade can reduce food insecurity and be a stepping stone to industrialization, poor bio-security control capacity remains a major obstacle to trade in agricultural products, and can therefore limit income and food security of farmers, according to recent bio-security meeting. Indeed, biosecurity experts from 10 Central and East African countries met in Lusaka ( Zambia) recently for the fourth Africa Plant Biosecurity Network workshop.    Common Market The network meetings are a key component of the Australia-Africa Plant Biosecurity Partnership (AAPBP. It brought together African biosecurity professional fellows and industry members from Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe with Australian biosecurity colleagues to share information, provide ongoing mentoring, and boost training and outreach. It also improved national and regional quarantine and plant protection capacity, thereby lifting crop yields, enabling safe regional trade, expanding international market access opportunities and securing greater food security for the region. Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) secretary General Sindiso Ngwenya is upbeat about the prospects of regional integration and called for efforts to address constraints such as poor bio-security control capacity. Mr Ngwenya said that a key result of regional integration should be increased intra-regional trade. Intra-regional trade has indeed increased from US$3.2 billion in 2000 when the free trade area (FTA) was launched to around US$20 billion. “However, this still amounts to less than 10 percent of total trade with the world. The secretariat has done a study to show that although intra-COMESA trade is currently low, there is a potential trade worth US$82 billion,” he said. “We need to work out how to realise that enormous potential,” Mr Ngwenya added. To him, many of COMESA’s 19 member states heavily dependent on agriculture, the production and trade of agricultural produce is of high priority. “Intra-regional agricultural trade can  reduce food insecurity, so we must address constraints to this trade such as biosecurity,” Mr Ngwenya said. “Those army worms do not need visas to cross borders. As COMESA, we are trying to open borders for free movement but not in a devastating manner like army worms,” he claimed. He attributed the lower intra-regional trade to costs of non-tariff measures, including sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) or biosecurity, which he said are higher than they need to be.  COMESA is leading studies to examine the actual costs of SPS measures,  and how they can be reduced without affecting the levels of protection they are designed to provide, he recalled. Agriculture: challenges Zambia’s acting minister of Agriculture Jean Kapata said agriculture is a priority sector in Zambia as...

Read More
To Bonn and Beyond
Fév14

To Bonn and Beyond

To Bonn and Beyond Message from the Incoming COP 23 President Prime Minister of Fiji Frank Bainimarama   Maintaining  the momentum of the Paris Agreement Bula vinaka! Wherever you are the world, I convey my warmest greetings, along with the greetings of the Fijian people. Fiji assumes the Presidency of COP 23 determined to maintain the momentum of the 2015 Paris Agreement and the concerted effort to reduce carbon emissions and lower the global temperature, which was reinforced at COP 22 in Marrakesh. To use a sporting analogy so beloved in our islands, the global community cannot afford to drop the ball on the decisive response agreed to in Paris to address the crisis of global warming that we all face, wherever we live on the planet. That ball is being passed to Fiji and I intend, as the first incoming COP president from a Small Island Developing State, to run with it as hard as I can. We must again approach this year’s deliberations in Bonn as a team – every nation playing its part to combat the rising sea levels, extreme weather events and changing weather patterns associated with climate change. And I will be doing everything possible to keep the team that was assembled in Paris together and totally focused on the best possible outcome. “Our concerns are the concerns of the entire world” I intend to act as COP President on behalf of all 7.5 billion people on the planet. But I bring a particular perspective to these negotiations on behalf of some of those who are most vulnerable to the effects of climate change – Pacific Islanders and the residents of other SIDS countries and low-lying areas of the world. Our concerns are the concerns of the entire world, given the scale of this crisis. We must work together as a global community to increase the proportion of finance available for climate adaptation and resilience building. We need a greater effort to develop products and models to attract private sector participation in the area of adaptation finance. To this end, I will be engaging closely with governments, NGOs, charitable foundations, civil society and the business community. I appeal to the entire world to support Fiji’s effort to continue building the global consensus to confront the greatest challenge of our age. We owe it not only to ourselves but to future generations to tackle this issue head on before it is too late. And I will be counting on that support all the way to Bonn and beyond....

Read More
Les ONG multinationales, la RSE et le développement économique de l’Afrique
Jan24

Les ONG multinationales, la RSE et le développement économique de l’Afrique

Les ONG multinationales, la RSE et le développement économique de l’Afrique Par Thierry Téné, Associé et Directeur de l’Institut Afrique RSE Plainte contre le WWF Le 6 janvier 2017 est une date historique pour les Principes Directeurs de l’OCDE, qui sont des recommandations des Gouvernements des 35 pays les industrialisés du monde, à l’attention des multinationales pour la prise en compte de la Responsabilité Sociétale (droits de l’Homme, environnement, intérêts des consommateurs, fiscalité, etc.). Jusqu’à ce jour, ce sont les entreprises multinationales qui faisaient l’objet des plaintes des ONG pour non respect des Principes Directeurs de l’OCDE. Mais en ce début d’année, le Point de Contact National Suisse a jugé recevable la plainte de l’ONG britannique SURVIVAL contre l’ONG suisse WWF (Fonds Mondial pour la Nature). Dans sa plainte très documentée, SURVIVAL accuse WWF d’abuser des droits des pygmées BAKA du Cameroun au nom de la conservation de la nature.  Cette procédure auprès de l’OCDE met en exergue plusieurs problématiques en lien le développement économique de l’Afrique. Les interrogations Comme toutes les ONG représentées dans plusieurs pays, WWF (présente dans 80 pays) ne devrait-elle pas être aussi considérée comme une organisation multinationale qui devait justifier ses pratiques et actions ? Elle finance d’ailleurs plusieurs programmes de conservation de la nature en Afrique. Ce qui a des répercussions non seulement sur la politique d’exploitation des ressources naturelles des Etats (source des ressources financières) mais aussi les conditions de vie des populations comme les pygmées qui vivent dans la forêt. Jusqu’ici « donneuses » de leçons sur les questions sociales, environnementales, de droit de l’Homme et éthique, les ONG peuvent désormais se retrouver également au banc des accusées comme les Etats et les entreprises. La RSE : la solution Mais le plus surprenant dans cette saisie de l’OCDE est l’absence de marge de manœuvre du Gouvernement Camerounais alors qu’il s’agit de ses ressortissants, que les faits dénoncés se passent sur son territoire avec une implication de son armée et des éco-gardes financés par le WWF dans le cadre d’un partenariat avec l’Etat. Face à la montée en puissance de la lutte contre le changement climatique (entrée en vigueur de  l’Accord Paris), du rôle croissant des ONG multinationales, de l’adoption des Objectifs de Développement Durable (ODD), de la signature des Principes de l’Equateur (prise en compte des critères Environnementaux, Sociaux et de Gouvernance pour tout investissement supérieur ou égal à 10 millions de dollars) par les institutions financières, les états africains ne peuvent plus envisager leur développement économique sans intégrer la Responsabilité Sociétale des Entreprises (RSE) . La polémique autour de l’huile de palme est l’un des symboles de cette problématique. Entre les besoins pour la...

Read More
Casablanca : Remise du prix « Startup Africaine de l’Année 2017» le 26 janvier 2017
Jan24

Casablanca : Remise du prix « Startup Africaine de l’Année 2017» le 26 janvier 2017

Casablanca : Remise du prix « Startup Africaine de l’Année 2017» le 26 janvier 2017 Par Houmi Ahamed-Mikidache Le 26 janvier prochain le prix «  Startup Africaine de l’Année 2017 sera remis à Casablanca. Après  deux éditions organisées en France, le  magazine collaboratif des startups et le Groupe OCP, leader mondial du marché des phosphates et ses dérivés et acteur engagé pour une agriculture durable en Afrique, se sont associés pour lancer la première édition africaine du concours Startup de l’Année « Startup of the Year / Africa 2017 » à l’occasion de la COP 22. Son objectif : promouvoir le développement économique et social du continent africain grâce à des startups innovantes et performantes.Une multitude d’entreprises de renom telles que PwC, ENGIE ou encore MICROSOFT participeront à...

Read More
“Southern Africa could create 78,000 new jobs in less than 20 years”- Thelma Munhequete
Déc19

“Southern Africa could create 78,000 new jobs in less than 20 years”- Thelma Munhequete

Southern Africa could create 78,000 new jobs in less than 20 years By Thelma Munhequete*   I have attended the global Gender Climate Alliance Innovation Forum, on the sideline of COP22,  the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change held in Marrakech, Morocco last november. The event was supported by different UN Agencies, organizations and stakeholders. 200 participants from different countries attended the two days event. Different experience and action where shared. Mary Robinson from the Mary Robinson Foundation, addressed the need of bigger and great Dialogues among Women  globally, Regionally and at a country level. Participants  have concentrated efforts to   improve gender balance and increase the participation of women in all UNFCCC processes. The Forum addressed key questions:  Where  Are We?  Where  Are We Going? What topics? How  can we integrate gender into urban climate policy? These are my thoughts. Where Are We? Gender in the communities is a relatively new topic in Mozambique. But it  has not received much attention although it is acknowledged that women and the youth are the most vulnerable groups in the communities. In its response to ensure social safety and protection of the citizens, the Government of Mozambique introduced measures through departments. This is further supported by Policy Frameworks and Legal instruments. As Country Executive Director of Africa Foundation which works  in southern Africa Countries, both in Mozambique and Zambia,  I  shared my experience in Mozambique. The lack   of data  is the main obstacle to integrate climate change, gender mainstream and the sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) simultaneously, in order to reduce poverty, promote food security and further gender equality in my country. Climate change is affecting the youth. In most  cases, the youth helps the family. The decrease in water pressure reduces the reliability of the water borehole in the villages. During drought,people move with their livestock for grazing and so require water. These additional challenges compromise the health condition of the youth as well as the education. It is critical to assess the viability of scaling up successful local solutions as well as identifying new solutions for them. Where  Are We Going? The associated lack of food, water and income is already visible and it’s reaching social consequences such adoption of risky behaviours consuming of alcohol abuse, criminal activities (Poaching), theft and corruption that lead to family breakdowns. We have embraced the principles of gender equality and empowerment of women and youth . Through our affiliation to the Global Gender and Climate Alliance (GGCA), we  aim to mainstream gender in all  projects. We adopted the Global Environment Facility’s Gender Equality Action Plan (GEAP) to guide our gender action plan which forms part...

Read More
Amina J. Mohammed: Next UN Deputy Secretary General
Déc19

Amina J. Mohammed: Next UN Deputy Secretary General

Amina J. Mohammed: Next UN Deputy Secretary General By Houmi Ahamed-Mikidache Amina J. Mohammed, minister of environment of Nigeria has been appointed last week as  the next UN Deputy Secretary General by the incoming UN Secretary General, Antonio Guterres. She will take her new position on the 1st January 2017. The Nigerian minister was previously special adviser of three Nigerian President, on the Millenium Development Goals for six years. She was also Special Adviser to UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon on Post-2015 Development Planning. She is one the crucial contributors of the Sustainable Development Goals architecture. In a statement given to the Nigerian media, she emphasized her willing to continue to protect Nigeria Environment. She will follow the Nationnally Determined Contributions under the Paris Agreement, the first Sovereign Green Bounds in 2017, and the development of the Great Great Wall. “Over the last 3 decades and during my contribution to the Millennium Development Goals, the Sustainable Development Goals and recently working for environmental protection as part of President Buhari’s vision to transform Nigeria, I have been blessed with the unwavering support and inspiration from leaders, my colleagues, activists, and stakeholders from the polluted creeks in the Niger Delta, to the eroded (Kumaro and Alpha) and overflowing (Makoko) communities in Lagos, Nnaka erosion site in Anambra and others, through the polluted Sharada industrial sites of Kano, the drought affected areas(Bama) in Borno as well as the degraded dunes in Yobe and others parts of the catchment area of the disappearing Lake Chad, ” she declared. “I will continue to work fo the rights of the poor, especially women and the youth, ensuring we leave no one behind,” she added. Amina J Mohammed was Born in 1961, and educated in Nigeria and in the UK.  She  is married with six children.    ...

Read More

En continuant à utiliser le site, vous acceptez l’utilisation des cookies. Plus d’informations

Les paramètres des cookies sur ce site sont définis sur « accepter les cookies » pour vous offrir la meilleure expérience de navigation possible. Si vous continuez à utiliser ce site sans changer vos paramètres de cookies ou si vous cliquez sur "Accepter" ci-dessous, vous consentez à cela.

Fermer